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Joel 2:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Be glad then, ye children of Zion, and rejoice in Jehovah your God; for he giveth you the former rain in just measure, and he causeth to come down for you the rain, the former rain and the latter rain, in the first [month].
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Be glad then, ye children of Zion, and rejoice in the LORD your God: for he hath given you the former rain moderately, and he will cause to come down for you the rain, the former rain, and the latter rain in the first [month].
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— So rejoice, O sons of Zion, And be glad in the LORD your God; For He has given you the early rain for [your] vindication. And He has poured down for you the rain, The early and latter rain as before.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Be glad then, ye children of Zion, and rejoice in the LORD your God: for he hath given you the former rain moderately, and he will cause to come down for you the rain, the former rain, and the latter rain in the first [month].
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And ye, children of Zion, be glad and rejoice in Jehovah your God; for he giveth you the early rain in due measure, and he causeth to come down for you the rain, the early rain, and the latter rain at the beginning [of the season].
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Ye sons of Zion, then, exult and be glad in Yahweh your God, for he hath given you the seed-rain, in right manner,—Yea he hath caused to descend for you a down-pour, of seed-rain and of the harvest-rain in the first month;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And ye sons of Zion, joy and rejoice, In Jehovah your God, For He hath given to you the Teacher for righteousness, And causeth to come down to you a shower, Sprinkling and gathered—in the beginning.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And you, O children of Sion, rejoice, and be joyful in the Lord your God: because he hath given you a teacher of justice, and he will make the early and the latter rain to come down to you as in the beginning.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Be glad then, ye children of Zion, and reioyce in the LORD your God: for he hath giuen you the former raine moderately, and he will cause to come downe for you the raine, the former raine, & the latter raine in the first [month].
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Rejoice then and be glad, ye children of Zion{gr.Sion}, in the Lord your God: for he has given you food fully, and he will rain on you the early and the latter rain, as before.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Be glad then, ye children of Tziyyon, and rejoice in Yahweh your Elohim: for he hath given you the former rain moderately, and he will cause to come down for you the rain, the former rain, and the latter rain in the first [month].

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Be glad 1523
{1523} Prime
גִּיל
giyl
{gheel}
A primitive root; properly to spin around (under the influence of any violent emotion), that is, usually rejoice, or (as cringing) fear.
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
then, ye children 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Xiyyn צִיּוֹן, 6726
{6726} Prime
צִיּוֹן
Tsiyown
{tsee-yone'}
The same (regular) as H6725; Tsijon (as a permanent capital), a mountain of Jerusalem.
and rejoice 8055
{8055} Prime
שָׂמַח
samach
{saw-makh'}
A primitive root; probably to brighten up, that is, (figuratively) be (causatively make) blithe or gleesome.
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
in Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
your lhm אֱלֹהִים: 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
he hath given 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
you x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the former rain 4175
{4175} Prime
מוֹרֶה
mowreh
{mo-reh'}
From H3384; an archer; also teacher or teaching; also the early rain (see H3138).
moderately, 6666
{6666} Prime
צְדָקָה
ts@daqah
{tsed-aw-kaw'}
From H6663; rightness (abstractly), subjectively (rectitude), objectively (justice), morally (virtue) or figuratively (prosperity).
and he will cause to come down 3381
{3381} Prime
יָרַד
yarad
{yaw-rad'}
A primitive root; to descend (literally to go downwards; or conventionally to a lower region, as the shore, a boundary, the enemy, etc.; or figuratively to fall); causatively to bring down (in all the above applications).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
for you the rain, 1653
{1653} Prime
גֶּשֶׁם
geshem
{gheh'-shem}
From H1652; a shower.
the former rain, 4175
{4175} Prime
מוֹרֶה
mowreh
{mo-reh'}
From H3384; an archer; also teacher or teaching; also the early rain (see H3138).
and the latter rain 4456
{4456} Prime
מַלְקוֹשׁ
malqowsh
{mal-koshe'}
From H3953; the spring rain (compare H3954); figuratively eloquence.
in the first 7223
{7223} Prime
רִאשׁוֹן
ri'shown
{ree-shone'}
From H7221; first, in place, time or rank (as adjective or noun).
[month].
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Joel 2:21-23.


Joel 2:23

_ _ rejoice in the Lord — not merely in the springing pastures, as the brute “beasts” which cannot raise their thoughts higher (Isaiah 61:10; Habakkuk 3:18).

_ _ former rain ... the rain ... the former ... the latter rain — The autumnal, or “former rain,” from the middle of October to the middle of December, is put first, as Joel prophesies in summer when the locusts’ invasion took place, and therefore looks to the time of early sowing in autumn, when the autumnal rain was indispensably required. Next, “the rain,” generically, literally, “the showering” or “heavy rain.” Next, the two species of the latter, “the former and the latter rain” (in March and April). The repetition of the “former rain” implies that He will give it not merely for the exigence of that particular season when Joel spake, but also for the future in the regular course of nature, the autumn and the spring rain; the former being put first, in the order of nature, as being required for the sowing in autumn, as the latter is required in spring for maturing the young crop. The Margin, “a teacher of righteousness,” is wrong. For the same Hebrew word is translated “former rain” in the next sentence, and cannot therefore be differently translated here. Besides, Joel begins with the inferior and temporal blessings, and not till Joel 2:28 proceeds to the higher and spiritual ones, of which the former are the pledge.

_ _ moderately — rather, “in due measure,” as much as the land requires; literally, “according to right”; neither too much nor too little, either of which extremes would hurt the crop (compare Deuteronomy 11:14; Proverbs 16:15; Jeremiah 5:24; see on Hosea 6:3). The phrase, “in due measure,” in this clause is parallel to “in the first month,” in the last clause (that is, “in the month when first it is needed,” each rain in its proper season). Heretofore the just or right order of nature has been interrupted through your sin; now God will restore it. See my Introduction to Joel.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Joel 2:18-27.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Joel 2:23

The former rain — The autumn rain which is needful to mellow the earth and fit it to receive the corn. The latter rain — Needful to bring forward and ripen the fruits, accounted the latter rain because these husbandmen and vine — dressers reckoned from seed time to spring and harvest. The first month — That is, our March.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Joel 2:23

Be glad then, ye children of Zion, and rejoice in the LORD your God: for he hath given you the former rain (p) moderately, and he will cause to come down for you the rain, the former rain, and the latter rain in the first [month].

(p) That is, such as would come by just measure, and would be sent when God was reconciled with them.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
ye children:

Psalms 149:2 Let Israel rejoice in him that made him: let the children of Zion be joyful in their King.
Lamentations 4:2 The precious sons of Zion, comparable to fine gold, how are they esteemed as earthen pitchers, the work of the hands of the potter!
Zechariah 9:13 When I have bent Judah for me, filled the bow with Ephraim, and raised up thy sons, O Zion, against thy sons, O Greece, and made thee as the sword of a mighty man.
Galatians 4:26-27 But Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us all. ... For it is written, Rejoice, [thou] barren that bearest not; break forth and cry, thou that travailest not: for the desolate hath many more children than she which hath an husband.

rejoice:

Psalms 28:7 The LORD [is] my strength and my shield; my heart trusted in him, and I am helped: therefore my heart greatly rejoiceth; and with my song will I praise him.
Psalms 32:11 Be glad in the LORD, and rejoice, ye righteous: and shout for joy, all [ye that are] upright in heart.
Psalms 33:1 Rejoice in the LORD, O ye righteous: [for] praise is comely for the upright.
Psalms 95:1-3 O come, let us sing unto the LORD: let us make a joyful noise to the rock of our salvation. ... For the LORD [is] a great God, and a great King above all gods.
Psalms 104:34 My meditation of him shall be sweet: I will be glad in the LORD.
Isaiah 12:2-6 Behold, God [is] my salvation; I will trust, and not be afraid: for the LORD JEHOVAH [is] my strength and [my] song; he also is become my salvation. ... Cry out and shout, thou inhabitant of Zion: for great [is] the Holy One of Israel in the midst of thee.
Isaiah 41:16 Thou shalt fan them, and the wind shall carry them away, and the whirlwind shall scatter them: and thou shalt rejoice in the LORD, [and] shalt glory in the Holy One of Israel.
Isaiah 61:10 I will greatly rejoice in the LORD, my soul shall be joyful in my God; for he hath clothed me with the garments of salvation, he hath covered me with the robe of righteousness, as a bridegroom decketh [himself] with ornaments, and as a bride adorneth [herself] with her jewels.
Habakkuk 3:17-18 Although the fig tree shall not blossom, neither [shall] fruit [be] in the vines; the labour of the olive shall fail, and the fields shall yield no meat; the flock shall be cut off from the fold, and [there shall be] no herd in the stalls: ... Yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will joy in the God of my salvation.
Zephaniah 3:14-17 Sing, O daughter of Zion; shout, O Israel; be glad and rejoice with all the heart, O daughter of Jerusalem. ... The LORD thy God in the midst of thee [is] mighty; he will save, he will rejoice over thee with joy; he will rest in his love, he will joy over thee with singing.
Zechariah 9:9 Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he [is] just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass.
Zechariah 10:7 And [they of] Ephraim shall be like a mighty [man], and their heart shall rejoice as through wine: yea, their children shall see [it], and be glad; their heart shall rejoice in the LORD.
Luke 1:46-47 And Mary said, My soul doth magnify the Lord, ... And my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour.
Philippians 3:1 Finally, my brethren, rejoice in the Lord. To write the same things to you, to me indeed [is] not grievous, but for you [it is] safe.
Philippians 3:3 For we are the circumcision, which worship God in the spirit, and rejoice in Christ Jesus, and have no confidence in the flesh.
Philippians 4:4 Rejoice in the Lord alway: [and] again I say, Rejoice.

the former:
etc. or, a teacher of righteousness,
Joel 2:28-29 And it shall come to pass afterward, [that] I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions: ... And also upon the servants and upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out my spirit.
Deuteronomy 32:2 My doctrine shall drop as the rain, my speech shall distil as the dew, as the small rain upon the tender herb, and as the showers upon the grass:
Job 33:23 If there be a messenger with him, an interpreter, one among a thousand, to shew unto man his uprightness:
Psalms 72:6-7 He shall come down like rain upon the mown grass: as showers [that] water the earth. ... In his days shall the righteous flourish; and abundance of peace so long as the moon endureth.
Isaiah 30:21 And thine ears shall hear a word behind thee, saying, This [is] the way, walk ye in it, when ye turn to the right hand, and when ye turn to the left.
Isaiah 30:23 Then shall he give the rain of thy seed, that thou shalt sow the ground withal; and bread of the increase of the earth, and it shall be fat and plenteous: in that day shall thy cattle feed in large pastures.
Ephesians 4:8-11 Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men. ... And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers;

moderately:
Heb. according to righteousness

he will:

Leviticus 26:4 Then I will give you rain in due season, and the land shall yield her increase, and the trees of the field shall yield their fruit.
Deuteronomy 11:14 That I will give [you] the rain of your land in his due season, the first rain and the latter rain, that thou mayest gather in thy corn, and thy wine, and thine oil.
Deuteronomy 28:12 The LORD shall open unto thee his good treasure, the heaven to give the rain unto thy land in his season, and to bless all the work of thine hand: and thou shalt lend unto many nations, and thou shalt not borrow.
Proverbs 16:15 In the light of the king's countenance [is] life; and his favour [is] as a cloud of the latter rain.
Jeremiah 3:3 Therefore the showers have been withholden, and there hath been no latter rain; and thou hadst a whore's forehead, thou refusedst to be ashamed.
Hosea 6:3 Then shall we know, [if] we follow on to know the LORD: his going forth is prepared as the morning; and he shall come unto us as the rain, as the latter [and] former rain unto the earth.
Zechariah 10:1 Ask ye of the LORD rain in the time of the latter rain; [so] the LORD shall make bright clouds, and give them showers of rain, to every one grass in the field.
James 5:7-8 Be patient therefore, brethren, unto the coming of the Lord. Behold, the husbandman waiteth for the precious fruit of the earth, and hath long patience for it, until he receive the early and latter rain. ... Be ye also patient; stablish your hearts: for the coming of the Lord draweth nigh.

in:

Amos 4:7 And also I have withholden the rain from you, when [there were] yet three months to the harvest: and I caused it to rain upon one city, and caused it not to rain upon another city: one piece was rained upon, and the piece whereupon it rained not withered.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 26:4. Dt 11:14; 28:12; 32:2. Jb 33:23. Ps 28:7; 32:11; 33:1; 72:6; 95:1; 104:34; 149:2. Pv 16:15. Is 12:2; 30:21, 23; 41:16; 61:10. Jr 3:3. Lm 4:2. Ho 6:3. Jol 2:28. Am 4:7. Hab 3:17. Zp 3:14. Zc 9:9, 13; 10:1, 7. Lk 1:46. Ga 4:26. Ep 4:8. Php 3:1, 3; 4:4. Jm 5:7.

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