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Joel 2:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— but I will remove far off from you the northern [army], and will drive it into a land barren and desolate, its forepart into the eastern sea, and its hinder part into the western sea; and its stench shall come up, and its ill savor shall come up, because it hath done great things.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But I will remove far off from you the northern [army], and will drive him into a land barren and desolate, with his face toward the east sea, and his hinder part toward the utmost sea, and his stink shall come up, and his ill savour shall come up, because he hath done great things.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “But I will remove the northern [army] far from you, And I will drive it into a parched and desolate land, And its vanguard into the eastern sea, And its rear guard into the western sea. And its stench will arise and its foul smell will come up, For it has done great things.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But I will remove far from you the northern [army], and will drive him into a land barren and desolate, with his face towards the east sea, and his hinder part towards the utmost sea, and his odious scent shall come up, and his ill savor shall come up, because he hath done great things.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And I will remove far off from you him [that cometh] from the north, and will drive him into a land barren and desolate, his face toward the eastern sea, and his rear toward the hinder sea; and his stench shall come up, and his ill odour shall come up, for he hath exalted himself to do great things.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, the Northerner, will I remove far from you, and drive him into a land parched and desolate, with, his face, toward the eastern sea, and, his rear, toward the hinder sea,—then shall come up his ill odour, yea his stench, shall ascend, because he hath shown himself great in doing.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the northern I put far off from you, And have driven him unto a land dry and desolate, With his face unto the eastern sea, And his rear unto the western sea, And come up hath his stink, And come up doth his stench, For he hath exerted himself to work.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And I will remove far off from you the northern enemy: and I will drive him into a land unpassable, and desert, with his face towards the east sea, and his hinder part towards the utmost sea: and his stench shall ascend, and his rottenness shall go up, because he hath done proudly.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But I will remoue farre off from you the northren [armie], & will driue him into a land barren and desolate, with his face toward the East sea, and his hinder part towards the vtmost Sea, and his stinke shall come vp, and his ill sauour shall come vp, because he hath done great things.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And I will chase away from you the northern [adversary], and will drive him away into a dry land, and I will sink his face in the former sea, and his back parts in the latter sea, and his ill savour shall come up, and his stink come up, because he has wrought great things.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— But I will remove far off from you the northern [army], and will drive him into a land barren and desolate, with his face toward the east sea, and his hinder part toward the utmost sea, and his stink shall come up, and his ill savour shall come up, because he hath done great things.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But I will remove far off 7368
{7368} Prime
רָחַק
rachaq
{raw-khak'}
A primitive root; to widen (in any direction), that is, (intransitively) recede or (transitively) remove (literally or figuratively, of place or relation).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
from x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
you the northern 6830
{6830} Prime
צְפוֹנִי
ts@phowniy
{tsef-o-nee'}
From H6828; northern.
[army], and will drive 5080
{5080} Prime
נָדַח
nadach
{naw-dakh'}
A primitive root; to push off; used in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively (to expel, mislead, strike, inflict, etc.).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
him into x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
a land 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
barren 6723
{6723} Prime
צִיָּה
tsiyah
{tsee-yaw'}
From an unused root meaning to parch; aridity; concretely a desert.
and desolate, 8077
{8077} Prime
שְׁמָמָה
sh@mamah
{shem-aw-maw'}
Feminine of H8076; devastation; figuratively astonishment.
with x854
(0854) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
his face 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
toward x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the east 6931
{6931} Prime
קַדְמוֹנִי
qadmowniy
{kad-mo-nee'}
From H6930; (of time) anterior or (of place) oriental.
sea, 3220
{3220} Prime
יָם
yam
{yawm}
From an unused root meaning to roar; a sea (as breaking in noisy surf) or large body of water; specifically (with the article) the Mediterranean; sometimes a large river, or an artificial basin; locally, the west, or (rarely) the south.
and his hinder part 5490
{5490} Prime
סוֹף
cowph
{sofe}
From H5486; a termination.
toward x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the utmost 314
{0314} Prime
אַחֲרוֹן
'acharown
{akh-ar-one'}
From H0309; hinder; generally late or last; specifically (as facing the east) western.
sea, 3220
{3220} Prime
יָם
yam
{yawm}
From an unused root meaning to roar; a sea (as breaking in noisy surf) or large body of water; specifically (with the article) the Mediterranean; sometimes a large river, or an artificial basin; locally, the west, or (rarely) the south.
and his stink 889
{0889} Prime
בְּאֹשׁ
b@'osh
{be-oshe'}
From H0887; a stench.
shall come up, 5927
{5927} Prime
עָלָה
`alah
{aw-law'}
A primitive root; to ascend, intransitively (be high) or active (mount); used in a great variety of senses, primary and secondary, literally and figuratively.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
and his ill savour 6709
{6709} Prime
צַחֲנָה
tsachanah
{tsakh-an-aw'}
From an unused root meaning to putrefy; stench.
shall come up, 5927
{5927} Prime
עָלָה
`alah
{aw-law'}
A primitive root; to ascend, intransitively (be high) or active (mount); used in a great variety of senses, primary and secondary, literally and figuratively.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
because x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
he hath done 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
great things. 1431
{1431} Prime
גָּדַל
gadal
{gaw-dal'}
A primitive root; properly to twist (compare H1434), that is, to be (causatively make) large (in various senses, as in body, mind, estate or honor, also in pride).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Joel 2:20

_ _ the northern army — The Hebrew expresses that the north in relation to Palestine is not merely the quarter whence the invader comes, but is his native land, “the Northlander”; namely, the Assyrian or Babylonian (compare Jeremiah 1:14, Jeremiah 1:15; Zephaniah 2:13). The locust’s native country is not the north, but the south, the deserts of Arabia, Egypt, and Libya. Assyria and Babylon are the type and forerunner of all Israel’s foes (Rome, and the final Antichrist), from whom God will at last deliver His people, as He did from Sennacherib (2 Kings 19:35).

_ _ face ... hinder part — more applicable to a human army’s van and rear, than to locusts. The northern invaders are to be dispersed in every other direction but that from which they had come: “a land barren and desolate,” that is, Arabia-Deserta: “the eastern (or front) sea,” that is, the Dead Sea: “the utmost (or hinder) sea,” that is, the Mediterranean. In front and behind mean east and west; as, in marking the quarters of the world, they faced the east, which was therefore “in front”; the west was behind them; the south was on their right, and the north on their left.

_ _ stink — metaphor from locusts, which perish when blown by a storm into the sea or the desert, and emit from their putrefying bodies such a stench as often breeds a pestilence.

_ _ because he hath done great things — that is, because the invader hath haughtily magnified himself in his doings. Compare as to Sennacherib, 2 Kings 19:11-13, 2 Kings 19:22, 2 Kings 19:28. This is quite inapplicable to the locusts, who merely seek food, not self-glorification, in invading a country.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Joel 2:18-27.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Joel 2:20

The northern army — That part of the locusts which are toward the north. With his face — The van of this army shall be driven into the dead sea, east of Jerusalem. The hinder part — The rear of this army shall be driven into the west sea. His stink — The stench of these locusts destroying and lying putrified on the face of the earth, or the corpses of the Assyrians slain and unburied.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Joel 2:20

But I will remove far off from you the (n) northern [army], and will drive him into a land barren and desolate, with his face toward the (o) east sea, and his hinder part toward the utmost sea, and his stink shall come up, and his ill savour shall come up, because he hath done great things.

(n) That is, the Assyrians your enemies.

(o) Called the Salt Sea, or Persian Sea: meaning, that even though this army was so great that it filled all from this sea to the Mediterranean Sea, yet he would scatter them.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
remove:

Joel 2:2-11 A day of darkness and of gloominess, a day of clouds and of thick darkness, as the morning spread upon the mountains: a great people and a strong; there hath not been ever the like, neither shall be any more after it, [even] to the years of many generations. ... And the LORD shall utter his voice before his army: for his camp [is] very great: for [he is] strong that executeth his word: for the day of the LORD [is] great and very terrible; and who can abide it?
Joel 1:4-6 That which the palmerworm hath left hath the locust eaten; and that which the locust hath left hath the cankerworm eaten; and that which the cankerworm hath left hath the caterpiller eaten. ... For a nation is come up upon my land, strong, and without number, whose teeth [are] the teeth of a lion, and he hath the cheek teeth of a great lion.
Exodus 10:19 And the LORD turned a mighty strong west wind, which took away the locusts, and cast them into the Red sea; there remained not one locust in all the coasts of Egypt.

the northern:

Jeremiah 1:14 Then the LORD said unto me, Out of the north an evil shall break forth upon all the inhabitants of the land.

the east:

Ezekiel 47:7-8 Now when I had returned, behold, at the bank of the river [were] very many trees on the one side and on the other. ... Then said he unto me, These waters issue out toward the east country, and go down into the desert, and go into the sea: [which being] brought forth into the sea, the waters shall be healed.
Ezekiel 47:18 And the east side ye shall measure from Hauran, and from Damascus, and from Gilead, and from the land of Israel [by] Jordan, from the border unto the east sea. And [this is] the east side.
Zechariah 14:8 And it shall be in that day, [that] living waters shall go out from Jerusalem; half of them toward the former sea, and half of them toward the hinder sea: in summer and in winter shall it be.

utmost:

Deuteronomy 11:24 Every place whereon the soles of your feet shall tread shall be yours: from the wilderness and Lebanon, from the river, the river Euphrates, even unto the uttermost sea shall your coast be.

his stink:

Ezekiel 39:12-16 And seven months shall the house of Israel be burying of them, that they may cleanse the land. ... And also the name of the city [shall be] Hamonah. Thus shall they cleanse the land.

because:

2 Kings 8:13 And Hazael said, But what, [is] thy servant a dog, that he should do this great thing? And Elisha answered, The LORD hath shewed me that thou [shalt be] king over Syria.

done:
Heb. magnified to do
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Ex 10:19. Dt 11:24. 2K 8:13. Jr 1:14. Ezk 39:12; 47:7, 18. Jol 1:4; 2:2. Zc 14:8.

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