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Joel 2:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The earth quaketh before them; the heavens tremble; the sun and the moon are darkened, and the stars withdraw their shining.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The earth shall quake before them; the heavens shall tremble: the sun and the moon shall be dark, and the stars shall withdraw their shining:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Before them the earth quakes, The heavens tremble, The sun and the moon grow dark And the stars lose their brightness.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The earth shall quake before them; the heavens shall tremble: the sun and the moon shall be dark, and the stars shall withdraw their shining:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The earth quaketh before them; the heavens tremble; the sun and the moon are darkened, and the stars withdraw their shining.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Before him, hath quaked the earth, have trembled the heavens,—the sun and the moon, have become dark, and, the stars, have withdrawn their shining;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— At their face trembled hath the earth, Shaken have the heavens, Sun and moon have been black, And stars have gathered up their shining.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— At their presence the earth hath trembled, the heavens are moved: the sun and moon are darkened, and the stars have withdrawn their shining.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The earth shall quake before them, the heauens shall tremble, the Sun & the Moone shall be darke, & the starres shall withdrawe their shining.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Before them the earth shall be confounded, and the sky shall be shaken: the sun and the moon shall be darkened, and the stars shall withdraw their light.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The earth shall quake before them; the heavens shall tremble: the sun and the moon shall be dark, and the stars shall withdraw their shining:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The earth 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
shall quake 7264
{7264} Prime
רָגַז
ragaz
{raw-gaz'}
A primitive root; to quiver (with any violent emotion, especially anger or fear).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
them; the heavens 8064
{8064} Prime
שָׁמַיִם
shamayim
{shaw-mah'-yim}
The second form being dual of an unused singular; from an unused root meaning to be lofty; the sky (as aloft; the dual perhaps alluding to the visible arch in which the clouds move, as well as to the higher ether where the celestial bodies revolve).
shall tremble: 7493
{7493} Prime
רָעַשׁ
ra`ash
{raw-ash'}
A primitive root; to undulate (as the earth, the sky, etc.; also a field of grain), particularly through fear; specifically to spring (as a locust).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
the sun 8121
{8121} Prime
שֶׁמֶשׁ
shemesh
{sheh'-mesh}
From an unused root meaning to be brilliant; the sun; by implication the east; figuratively a ray, that is, (architecturally) a notched battlement.
and the moon 3394
{3394} Prime
יָרֵחַ
yareach
{yaw-ray'-akh}
From the same as H3391; the moon.
shall be dark, 6937
{6937} Prime
קָדַר
qadar
{kaw-dar'}
A primitive root; to be ashy, that is, dark colored; by implication to mourn (in sackcloth or sordid garments).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
and the stars 3556
{3556} Prime
כּוֹכָב
kowkab
{ko-kawb'}
Probably from the same as H3522 (in the sense of rolling) or H3554 (in the sense of blazing); a star (as round or as shining); figuratively a prince.
shall withdraw 622
{0622} Prime
אסף
'acaph
{aw-saf'}
A primitive root; to gather for any purpose; hence to receive, take away, that is, remove (destroy, leave behind, put up, restore, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
their shining: 5051
{5051} Prime
נֹגַהּ
nogahh
{no'-gah}
From H5050; brilliancy (literally or figuratively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Joel 2:10

_ _ earth ... quake before them — that is, the inhabitants of the earth quake with fear of them.

_ _ heavens ... tremble — that is, the powers of heaven (Matthew 24:29); its illumining powers are disturbed by the locusts which intercept the sunlight with their dense flying swarms. These, however, are but the images of revolutions of states caused by such foes as were to invade Judea.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Joel 2:1-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Joel 2:10

The earth — A divine hyperbole. But this also may have a reference to the great day.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Joel 2:10

The earth shall quake before them; the heavens shall tremble: the (g) sun and the moon shall be dark, and the stars shall withdraw their shining:

(g) Read (Joel 2:31; Isaiah 13:10; Ezekiel 32:7; Joel 3:15; Matthew 24:29)

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
earth:

Psalms 18:7 Then the earth shook and trembled; the foundations also of the hills moved and were shaken, because he was wroth.
Psalms 114:7 Tremble, thou earth, at the presence of the Lord, at the presence of the God of Jacob;
Nahum 1:5 The mountains quake at him, and the hills melt, and the earth is burned at his presence, yea, the world, and all that dwell therein.
Matthew 27:51 And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent;
Revelation 6:12 And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, lo, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood;
Revelation 20:11 And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them.

the sun:

Joel 2:2 A day of darkness and of gloominess, a day of clouds and of thick darkness, as the morning spread upon the mountains: a great people and a strong; there hath not been ever the like, neither shall be any more after it, [even] to the years of many generations.
Joel 2:31 The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and the terrible day of the LORD come.
Joel 3:15 The sun and the moon shall be darkened, and the stars shall withdraw their shining.
Isaiah 13:10 For the stars of heaven and the constellations thereof shall not give their light: the sun shall be darkened in his going forth, and the moon shall not cause her light to shine.
Isaiah 34:4 And all the host of heaven shall be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll: and all their host shall fall down, as the leaf falleth off from the vine, and as a falling [fig] from the fig tree.
Jeremiah 4:23 I beheld the earth, and, lo, [it was] without form, and void; and the heavens, and they [had] no light.
Ezekiel 32:7 And when I shall put thee out, I will cover the heaven, and make the stars thereof dark; I will cover the sun with a cloud, and the moon shall not give her light.
Amos 5:8 [Seek him] that maketh the seven stars and Orion, and turneth the shadow of death into the morning, and maketh the day dark with night: that calleth for the waters of the sea, and poureth them out upon the face of the earth: The LORD [is] his name:
Matthew 24:29 Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken:
Mark 13:24-25 But in those days, after that tribulation, the sun shall be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, ... And the stars of heaven shall fall, and the powers that are in heaven shall be shaken.
Luke 21:25-26 And there shall be signs in the sun, and in the moon, and in the stars; and upon the earth distress of nations, with perplexity; the sea and the waves roaring; ... Men's hearts failing them for fear, and for looking after those things which are coming on the earth: for the powers of heaven shall be shaken.
Acts 2:20 The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before that great and notable day of the Lord come:
Revelation 8:12 And the fourth angel sounded, and the third part of the sun was smitten, and the third part of the moon, and the third part of the stars; so as the third part of them was darkened, and the day shone not for a third part of it, and the night likewise.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 18:7; 114:7. Is 13:10; 34:4. Jr 4:23. Ezk 32:7. Jol 2:2, 31; 3:15. Am 5:8. Na 1:5. Mt 24:29; 27:51. Mk 13:24. Lk 21:25. Ac 2:20. Rv 6:12; 8:12; 20:11.

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