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Joel 1:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The meal-offering and the drink-offering are cut off from the house of Jehovah; the priests, Jehovah's ministers, mourn.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The meat offering and the drink offering is cut off from the house of the LORD; the priests, the LORD'S ministers, mourn.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The grain offering and the drink offering are cut off From the house of the LORD. The priests mourn, The ministers of the LORD.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The meat-offering and the drink-offering is cut off from the house of the LORD; the priests, the LORD'S ministers, mourn.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The oblation and the drink-offering are cut off from the house of Jehovah; the priests, Jehovah's ministers, mourn.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Cut off are the meal-offering and the drink-offering, from the house of Yahweh,—In grief are the priests, the attendants on Yahweh:—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Cut off hath been present and libation from the house of Jehovah, Mourned have the priests, ministrants of Jehovah.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Sacrifice and libation is cut off from the house of the Lord: the priests, the Lord's ministers, have mourned:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The meate offring and the drinke offering is cut off from the house of the LORD, the Priestes the LORDS ministers mourne.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The meat-offering and drink-offering are removed from the house of the Lord: mourn, ye priests that serve at the altar of the Lord.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The meat offering and the drink offering is cut off from the house of Yahweh; the priests, Yahweh's ministers, mourn.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The meat offering 4503
{4503} Prime
מִנְחָה
minchah
{min-khaw'}
From an unused root meaning to apportion, that is, bestow; a donation; euphemistically tribute; specifically a sacrificial offering (usually bloodless and voluntary).
and the drink offering 5262
{5262} Prime
נֶסֶךְ
necek
{neh'-sek}
From H5258; a libation; also a cast idol.
is cut off 3772
{3772} Prime
כָּרַת
karath
{kaw-rath'}
A primitive root; to cut (off, down or asunder); by implication to destroy or consume; specifically to covenant (that is, make an alliance or bargain, originally by cutting flesh and passing between the pieces).
z8717
<8717> Grammar
Stem - Hophal (See H8825)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 123
from the house 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of Yhw יָהוֶה; 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
the priests, 3548
{3548} Prime
כֹּהֵן
kohen
{ko-hane'}
Active participle of H3547; literally one officiating, a priest; also (by courtesy) an acting priest (although a layman).
Yhw's יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
ministers, 8334
{8334} Prime
שָׁרַת
sharath
{shaw-rath'}
A primitive root; to attend as a menial or worshipper; figuratively to contribute to.
z8764
<8764> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 685
mourn. 56
{0056} Prime
אָבַל
'abal
{aw-bal'}
A primitive root; to bewail.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Joel 1:9

_ _ The greatest sorrow to the mind of a religious Jew, and what ought to impress the whole nation with a sense of God’s displeasure, is the cessation of the usual temple-worship.

_ _ meat offeringHebrew, mincha; “meat” not in the English sense “flesh,” but the unbloody offering made of flour, oil, and frankincense. As it and the drink offering or libation poured out accompanied every sacrificial flesh offering, the latter is included, though not specified, as being also “cut off,” owing to there being no food left for man or beast.

_ _ priests ... mourn — not for their own loss of sacrificial perquisites (Numbers 18:8-15), but because they can no longer offer the appointed offerings to Jehovah, to whom they minister.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Joel 1:8-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Joel 1:9

The drink — offering — By the destruction of the vines, all wine (out of which they ought to offer the drink — offering) failed.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Joel 1:9

The meat offering and the drink offering is (f) cut off from the house of the LORD; the priests, the LORD'S ministers, mourn.

(f) The signs of God's wrath appeared in his temple, in so much that God's service was discontinued.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
meat:

Joel 1:13 Gird yourselves, and lament, ye priests: howl, ye ministers of the altar: come, lie all night in sackcloth, ye ministers of my God: for the meat offering and the drink offering is withholden from the house of your God.
Joel 1:16 Is not the meat cut off before our eyes, [yea], joy and gladness from the house of our God?
Joel 2:14 Who knoweth [if] he will return and repent, and leave a blessing behind him; [even] a meat offering and a drink offering unto the LORD your God?
Hosea 9:4 They shall not offer wine [offerings] to the LORD, neither shall they be pleasing unto him: their sacrifices [shall be] unto them as the bread of mourners; all that eat thereof shall be polluted: for their bread for their soul shall not come into the house of the LORD.

the priests:

Joel 2:17 Let the priests, the ministers of the LORD, weep between the porch and the altar, and let them say, Spare thy people, O LORD, and give not thine heritage to reproach, that the heathen should rule over them: wherefore should they say among the people, Where [is] their God?
Lamentations 1:4 The ways of Zion do mourn, because none come to the solemn feasts: all her gates are desolate: her priests sigh, her virgins are afflicted, and she [is] in bitterness.
Lamentations 1:16 For these [things] I weep; mine eye, mine eye runneth down with water, because the comforter that should relieve my soul is far from me: my children are desolate, because the enemy prevailed.

the LORD'S[YHWH's]:

Exodus 28:1 And take thou unto thee Aaron thy brother, and his sons with him, from among the children of Israel, that he may minister unto me in the priest's office, [even] Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar, Aaron's sons.
2 Chronicles 13:10 But as for us, the LORD [is] our God, and we have not forsaken him; and the priests, which minister unto the LORD, [are] the sons of Aaron, and the Levites [wait] upon [their] business:
Isaiah 61:6 But ye shall be named the Priests of the LORD: [men] shall call you the Ministers of our God: ye shall eat the riches of the Gentiles, and in their glory shall ye boast yourselves.
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Ex 28:1. 2Ch 13:10. Is 61:6. Lm 1:4, 16. Ho 9:4. Jol 1:13, 16; 2:14, 17.

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