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Joel 1:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For a nation is come up upon my land, strong, and without number; his teeth are the teeth of a lion, and he hath the jaw-teeth of a lioness.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For a nation is come up upon my land, strong, and without number, whose teeth [are] the teeth of a lion, and he hath the cheek teeth of a great lion.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For a nation has invaded my land, Mighty and without number; Its teeth are the teeth of a lion, And it has the fangs of a lioness.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For a nation is come up upon my land, strong, and without number, whose teeth [are] the teeth of a lion, and he hath the cheek teeth of a great lion.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For a nation is come up upon my land, strong and without number: his teeth are the teeth of a lion, and he hath the cheek teeth of a lioness.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, a nation, hath come up over my land, bold, and without number,—his teeth, are the teeth of a lion, and, the fangs of a lioness, hath he!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For a nation hath come up on my land, Strong, and there is no number, Its teeth [are] the teeth of a lion, And it hath the jaw-teeth of a lioness.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For a nation come up upon my land, strong, and without number: his teeth are like the teeth of a lion: and his cheek teeth as of a lion's whelp.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For a nation is come vp vpon my lande, strong, and without number, whose teeth [are] the teeth of a lyon, and he [hath] the cheeke-teeth of a great lyon.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For a strong and innumerable nation is come up against my land, their teeth are lion's teeth, and their back teeth those of a [lion's] whelp.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For a nation is come up upon my land, strong, and without number, whose teeth [are] the teeth of a lion, and he hath the cheek teeth of a great lion.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
a nation 1471
{1471} Prime
גּוֹי
gowy
{go'-ee}
Apparently from the same root as H1465 (in the sense of massing); a foreign nation; hence a Gentile; also (figuratively) a troop of animals, or a flight of locusts.
is come up 5927
{5927} Prime
עָלָה
`alah
{aw-law'}
A primitive root; to ascend, intransitively (be high) or active (mount); used in a great variety of senses, primary and secondary, literally and figuratively.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
my land, 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
strong, 6099
{6099} Prime
עָצוּם
`atsuwm
{aw-tsoom'}
Passive participle of H6105; powerful (specifically a paw); by implication numerous.
and without x369
(0369) Complement
אַיִן
'ayin
{ah'-yin}
As if from a primitive root meaning to be nothing or not exist; a non-entity; generally used as a negative particle.
number, 4557
{4557} Prime
מִסְפָּר
micpar
{mis-pawr'}
From H5608; a number, definitely (arithmetical) or indefinitely (large, innumerable; small, a few); also (abstractly) narration.
whose teeth 8127
{8127} Prime
שֵׁן
shen
{shane}
From H8150; a tooth (as sharp); specifically (for H8143) ivory; figuratively a cliff.
[are] the teeth 8127
{8127} Prime
שֵׁן
shen
{shane}
From H8150; a tooth (as sharp); specifically (for H8143) ivory; figuratively a cliff.
of a lion, 738
{0738} Prime
אַרִי
'ariy
{ar-ee'}
From H0717 (in the sense of violence); a lion.
and he hath the cheek teeth 4973
{4973} Prime
מְתַלְּעָה
m@thall@`ah
{meth-al-leh-aw'}
Contracted from H3216; properly a biter, that is, a tooth.
of a great lion. 3833
{3833} Prime
לָבִיא
labiy'
{law-bee'}
From an unused root meaning to roar; a lion (properly a lioness as the fiercer (although not a roarer; compare H0738)).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Joel 1:6

_ _ nation — applied to the locusts, rather than “people” (Proverbs 30:25, Proverbs 30:26), to mark not only their numbers, but also their savage hostility; and also to prepare the mind of the hearer for the transition to the figurative locusts in the second chapter, namely, the “nation” or Gentile foe coming against Judea (compare Joel 2:2).

_ _ my land — that is, Jehovah’s; which never would have been so devastated were I not pleased to inflict punishment (Joel 2:18; Isaiah 14:25; Jeremiah 16:18; Ezekiel 36:5; Ezekiel 38:16).

_ _ strong — as irresistibly sweeping away before its compact body the fruits of man’s industry.

_ _ without number — so Judges 6:5; Judges 7:12, “like grasshoppers (or “locusts”) for multitude” (Jeremiah 46:23; Nahum 3:15).

_ _ teeth ... lion — that is, the locusts are as destructive as a lion; there is no vegetation that can resist their bite (compare Revelation 9:8). Pliny says “they gnaw even the doors of houses.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Joel 1:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Joel 1:6

A nation — An innumerable multitude of locusts and caterpillars, called a nation here, as Solomon calls the conies and the ant, Proverbs 30:25-26, and perhaps a prognostick of a very numerous and mighty nation, that ere long will invade Judah. Strong — Mighty in power, and undaunted in courage, if you refer it to the Assyrian or Babylonians; if to those vermin, they are, though each weak by itself, yet in those multitudes, strong and irresistible. A great lion — Such waste as lions make, these the locusts do, and the Assyrians will make.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Joel 1:6

For (d) a nation is come up upon my land, strong, and without number, whose teeth [are] the teeth of a lion, and he hath the cheek teeth of a great lion.

(d) This was another plague with which God had punished them when he stirred up the Assyrians against them.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
nation:

Joel 2:2-11 A day of darkness and of gloominess, a day of clouds and of thick darkness, as the morning spread upon the mountains: a great people and a strong; there hath not been ever the like, neither shall be any more after it, [even] to the years of many generations. ... And the LORD shall utter his voice before his army: for his camp [is] very great: for [he is] strong that executeth his word: for the day of the LORD [is] great and very terrible; and who can abide it?
Joel 2:25 And I will restore to you the years that the locust hath eaten, the cankerworm, and the caterpiller, and the palmerworm, my great army which I sent among you.
Proverbs 30:25-27 The ants [are] a people not strong, yet they prepare their meat in the summer; ... The locusts have no king, yet go they forth all of them by bands;

my:

Psalms 107:34 A fruitful land into barrenness, for the wickedness of them that dwell therein.
Isaiah 8:8 And he shall pass through Judah; he shall overflow and go over, he shall reach [even] to the neck; and the stretching out of his wings shall fill the breadth of thy land, O Immanuel.
Isaiah 32:13 Upon the land of my people shall come up thorns [and] briers; yea, upon all the houses of joy [in] the joyous city:
Hosea 9:3 They shall not dwell in the LORD'S land; but Ephraim shall return to Egypt, and they shall eat unclean [things] in Assyria.

whose:

Proverbs 30:14 [There is] a generation, whose teeth [are as] swords, and their jaw teeth [as] knives, to devour the poor from off the earth, and the needy from [among] men.
Revelation 9:7-10 And the shapes of the locusts [were] like unto horses prepared unto battle; and on their heads [were] as it were crowns like gold, and their faces [were] as the faces of men. ... And they had tails like unto scorpions, and there were stings in their tails: and their power [was] to hurt men five months.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 107:34. Pv 30:14, 25. Is 8:8; 32:13. Ho 9:3. Jol 2:2, 25. Rv 9:7.

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