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Joel 1:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The vine is withered, and the fig-tree languisheth; the pomegranate-tree, the palm-tree also, and the apple-tree, even all the trees of the field are withered: for joy is withered away from the sons of men.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The vine is dried up, and the fig tree languisheth; the pomegranate tree, the palm tree also, and the apple tree, [even] all the trees of the field, are withered: because joy is withered away from the sons of men.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The vine dries up And the fig tree fails; The pomegranate, the palm also, and the apple tree, All the trees of the field dry up. Indeed, rejoicing dries up From the sons of men.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The vine is dried up, and the fig-tree languisheth; the pomegranate-tree, the palm-tree also, and the apple-tree, [even] all the trees of the field, are withered: because joy is withered away from the sons of men.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The vine is dried up, and the fig-tree languisheth; the pomegranate-tree, the palm also and the apple-tree; all the trees of the field are withered, yea, joy is withered away from the children of men.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The vine, is abashed, and, the fig-tree, languisheth,—pomegranate, palm also, and apple—all the trees of the field, have withered, Yea abashed is gladness, away from the sons of men.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The vine hath been dried up, And the fig-tree doth languish, Pomegranate, also palm, and apple-tree, All trees of the field have withered, For dried up hath been joy from the sons of men.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The vineyard is confounded, and the fig tree hath languished: the pomegranate tree, and the palm tree, and the apple tree, and all the trees of the field are withered: because joy is withdrawn from the children of men.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The vine is dried vp, and the figgetree languisheth, the pomegranate tree, the palme tree also and the apple tree, [euen] all the trees of the field are withered: because ioy is withered away from the sonnes of men.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The vine is dried up, and the fig-trees are become few; the pomegranate, and palm-tree, and apple, and all trees of the field are dried up: for the sons of men have have abolished joy.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The vine is dried up, and the fig tree languisheth; the pomegranate tree, the palm tree also, and the apple tree, [even] all the trees of the field, are withered: because joy is withered away from the sons of men.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The vine 1612
{1612} Prime
גֶּפֶן
gephen
{gheh'-fen}
From an unused root meaning to bend; a vine (as twining), especially the grape.
is dried up, 3001
{3001} Prime
יָבֵשׁ
yabesh
{yaw-bashe'}
A primitive root; to be ashamed, confused or disappointed; also (as failing) to dry up (as water) or wither (as herbage).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
and the fig tree 8384
{8384} Prime
תְּאֵן
t@'en
{teh-ane'}
The second form being singular and feminine; perhaps of foreign derivation; the fig (tree or fruit).
languisheth; 535
{0535} Prime
אמל
'amal
{aw-mal'}
A primitive root; to droop; by implication to be sick, to mourn.
z8797
<8797> Grammar
Stem - Pulal (See H8850)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 21
the pomegranate y7416
[7416] Standard
רִמּוֹן
rimmown
{rim-mone'}
From H7426; a pomegranate, the tree (from its upright growth) or the fruit (also an artificial ornament).
tree, x7416
(7416) Complement
רִמּוֹן
rimmown
{rim-mone'}
From H7426; a pomegranate, the tree (from its upright growth) or the fruit (also an artificial ornament).
the palm tree 8558
{8558} Prime
תָּמָר
tamar
{taw-mawr'}
From an unused root meaning to be erect; a palm tree.
also, x1571
(1571) Complement
גַּם
gam
{gam}
By contraction from an unused root meaning to gather; properly assemblage; used only adverbially also, even, yea, though; often repeated as correlation both... and.
and the apple tree, 8598
{8598} Prime
תַּפּוּחַ
tappuwach
{tap-poo'-akh}
From H5301; an apple (from its fragrance), that is, the fruit or the tree (probably including others of the pome order, as the quince, the orange, etc.).
[even] all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the trees 6086
{6086} Prime
עֵץ
`ets
{ates}
From H6095; a tree (from its firmness); hence wood (plural sticks).
of the field, 7704
{7704} Prime
שָׂדֶה
sadeh
{saw-deh'}
From an unused root meaning to spread out; a field (as flat).
are withered: 3001
{3001} Prime
יָבֵשׁ
yabesh
{yaw-bashe'}
A primitive root; to be ashamed, confused or disappointed; also (as failing) to dry up (as water) or wither (as herbage).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
because x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
joy 8342
{8342} Prime
שָׂשׂוֹן
sasown
{saw-sone'}
From H7797; cheerfulness; specifically welcome.
is withered away 3001
{3001} Prime
יָבֵשׁ
yabesh
{yaw-bashe'}
A primitive root; to be ashamed, confused or disappointed; also (as failing) to dry up (as water) or wither (as herbage).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
from x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
the sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of men. 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Joel 1:12

_ _ pomegranate — a tree straight in the stem growing twenty feet high; the fruit is of the size of an orange, with blood-red colored pulp.

_ _ palm tree — The dates of Palestine were famous. The palm is the symbol of Judea on coins under the Roman emperor Vespasian. It often grows a hundred feet high.

_ _ apple tree — The Hebrew is generic, including the orange, lemon, and pear tree.

_ _ joy is withered away — such as is felt in the harvest and the vintage seasons (Psalms 4:7; Isaiah 9:3).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Joel 1:8-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
The vine:
Dr. Shaw observes, that in Barbary, in the month of June the locusts are no sooner hatched than they collect themselves into compact bodies, each a "furlong or more square; and marching directly after they are come to life, make their way towards the sea and let nothing escape them, eating up everything that is green or juicy; not only the lesser vegetables, but the vine likewise, the fig-tree, the pomegranate, the palm, and the apple tree, even all the trees of the field."
Joel 1:10 The field is wasted, the land mourneth; for the corn is wasted: the new wine is dried up, the oil languisheth.
Habakkuk 3:17-18 Although the fig tree shall not blossom, neither [shall] fruit [be] in the vines; the labour of the olive shall fail, and the fields shall yield no meat; the flock shall be cut off from the fold, and [there shall be] no herd in the stalls: ... Yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will joy in the God of my salvation.

the pomegranate:

Numbers 13:23 And they came unto the brook of Eshcol, and cut down from thence a branch with one cluster of grapes, and they bare it between two upon a staff; and [they brought] of the pomegranates, and of the figs.
Psalms 92:12 The righteous shall flourish like the palm tree: he shall grow like a cedar in Lebanon.
Song of Songs 2:3 As the apple tree among the trees of the wood, so [is] my beloved among the sons. I sat down under his shadow with great delight, and his fruit [was] sweet to my taste.
Song of Songs 4:13 Thy plants [are] an orchard of pomegranates, with pleasant fruits; camphire, with spikenard,
Song of Songs 7:7-9 This thy stature is like to a palm tree, and thy breasts to clusters [of grapes]. ... And the roof of thy mouth like the best wine for my beloved, that goeth [down] sweetly, causing the lips of those that are asleep to speak.

joy:

Joel 1:16 Is not the meat cut off before our eyes, [yea], joy and gladness from the house of our God?
Psalms 4:7 Thou hast put gladness in my heart, more than in the time [that] their corn and their wine increased.
Isaiah 9:3 Thou hast multiplied the nation, [and] not increased the joy: they joy before thee according to the joy in harvest, [and] as [men] rejoice when they divide the spoil.
Isaiah 16:10 And gladness is taken away, and joy out of the plentiful field; and in the vineyards there shall be no singing, neither shall there be shouting: the treaders shall tread out no wine in [their] presses; I have made [their vintage] shouting to cease.
Isaiah 24:11 [There is] a crying for wine in the streets; all joy is darkened, the mirth of the land is gone.
Jeremiah 48:3 A voice of crying [shall be] from Horonaim, spoiling and great destruction.
Hosea 9:1-2 Rejoice not, O Israel, for joy, as [other] people: for thou hast gone a whoring from thy God, thou hast loved a reward upon every cornfloor. ... The floor and the winepress shall not feed them, and the new wine shall fail in her.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 13:23. Ps 4:7; 92:12. So 2:3; 4:13; 7:7. Is 9:3; 16:10; 24:11. Jr 48:3. Ho 9:1. Jol 1:10, 16. Hab 3:17.

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