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Job 8:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— If thy children have sinned against him, And he hath delivered them into the hand of their transgression;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— If thy children have sinned against him, and he have cast them away for their transgression;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “If your sons sinned against Him, Then He delivered them into the power of their transgression.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— If thy children have sinned against him, and he hath cast them away for their transgression;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— If thy children have sinned against him, he hath also given them over into the hand of their transgression.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Though, thy children, sinned against him, and he delivered them into the hand of their transgression,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— If thy sons have sinned before Him, And He doth send them away, By the hand of their transgression,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Although thy children have sinned against him, and he hath left them in the hand of their iniquity:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— If thy children haue sinned against him, and he haue cast them away for their transgression:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— If thy sons have sinned before him, he has cast them away because of their transgression.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— If thy children have sinned against him, and he have cast them away for their transgression;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
If x518
(0518) Complement
אִם
'im
{eem}
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
thy children 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
have sinned 2398
{2398} Prime
חטא
chata'
{khaw-taw'}
A primitive root; properly to miss; hence (figuratively and generally) to sin; by inference to forfeit, lack, expiate, repent, (causatively) lead astray, condemn.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
against him, and he have cast them away 7971
{7971} Prime
שָׁלַח
shalach
{shaw-lakh'}
A primitive root; to send away, for, or out (in a great variety of applications).
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
for 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
their transgression; 6588
{6588} Prime
פֶּשַׁע
pesha`
{peh'-shah}
From H6586; a revolt (national, moral or religious).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 8:4

_ _ If — Rather, “Since thy children have sinned against Him, and (since) He has cast them away (Hebrew, by the hand of) for their transgressions, (yet) if thou wouldst seek unto God, etc., if thou wert pure, etc., surely [even] now He would awake for thee.” Umbreit makes the apodosis to, “since thy children,” etc., begin at “He has cast them away.” Also, instead of “for,” “He gave them up to (literally, into the hand of) their own guilt.” Bildad expresses the justice of God, which Job had arraigned. Thy children have sinned; God leaves them to the consequence of their sin; most cutting to the heart of the bereaved father.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 8:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 8:4

If — If thou wast innocent, thy children, upon whom a great part of these calamities fell, might be guilty; and therefore God is not unrighteous in these proceedings.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 8:4

If thy children have sinned against him, and he have cast them away for their (b) transgression;

(b) That is, has rewarded them according to their iniquity, meaning that Job should be warned by the example of his children, that he not offend God.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he have cast:

Job 1:5 And it was so, when the days of [their] feasting were gone about, that Job sent and sanctified them, and rose up early in the morning, and offered burnt offerings [according] to the number of them all: for Job said, It may be that my sons have sinned, and cursed God in their hearts. Thus did Job continually.
Job 1:18-19 While he [was] yet speaking, there came also another, and said, Thy sons and thy daughters [were] eating and drinking wine in their eldest brother's house: ... And, behold, there came a great wind from the wilderness, and smote the four corners of the house, and it fell upon the young men, and they are dead; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee.
Job 5:4 His children are far from safety, and they are crushed in the gate, neither [is there] any to deliver [them].
Job 18:16-19 His roots shall be dried up beneath, and above shall his branch be cut off. ... He shall neither have son nor nephew among his people, nor any remaining in his dwellings.
Genesis 13:13 But the men of Sodom [were] wicked and sinners before the LORD exceedingly.
Genesis 19:13-25 For we will destroy this place, because the cry of them is waxen great before the face of the LORD; and the LORD hath sent us to destroy it. ... And he overthrew those cities, and all the plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew upon the ground.

for their transgression:
Heb. in the hand of their transgression
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Gn 13:13; 19:13. Jb 1:5, 18; 5:4; 18:16.

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