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Job 8:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He is green before the sun, And his shoots go forth over his garden.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— He [is] green before the sun, and his branch shooteth forth in his garden.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “He thrives before the sun, And his shoots spread out over his garden.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He [is] green before the sun, and his branch shooteth forth in his garden.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— He is full of sap before the sun, and his sprout shooteth forth over his garden;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Full of moisture he is, before the sun, and, over his garden, his shoot goeth forth:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Green he [is] before the sun, And over his garden his branch goeth out.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He seemeth to have moisture before the sun cometh; and at his rising, his blossom shall shoot forth.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— He [is] greene before the sunne, and his branch shooteth forth in his garden.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For it is moist under the sun, and his branch shall come forth out of his dung-heap.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— He [is] green before the sun, and his branch shooteth forth in his garden.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He x1931
(1931) Complement
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
[is] green 7373
{7373} Prime
From H7372; moist (with sap).
before 6440
{6440} Prime
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
the sun, 8121
{8121} Prime
From an unused root meaning to be brilliant; the sun; by implication the east; figuratively a ray, that is, (architecturally) a notched battlement.
and his branch 3127
{3127} Prime
Feminine of H3126; a sprout.
shooteth forth 3318
{3318} Prime
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in x5921
(5921) Complement
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
his garden. 1593
{1593} Prime
Feminine of H1588; a garden.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 8:16

_ _ before the sun — that is, he (the godless) is green only before the sun rises; but he cannot bear its heat, and withers. So succulent plants like the gourd (Jonah 4:7, Jonah 4:8). But the widespreading in the garden does not quite accord with this. Better, “in sunshine”; the sun representing the smiling fortune of the hypocrite, during which he wondrously progresses [Umbreit]. The image is that of weeds growing in rank luxuriance and spreading over even heaps of stones and walls, and then being speedily torn away.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 8:8-19.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 8:16

He — The secure and prosperous sinner may think himself wronged, when he is compared to a rush or flag. Compare him then to a flourishing and well — rooted tree. Yet even then shall he be suddenly cut off. Green — Flourisheth in the world. Before the sun — Publickly and in the view of all men. Branch — His children, who are here mentioned as additions not only to his comfort, but also to his strength and safety. Garden — A place where it is defended from those injuries to which the trees of the field are subject, and where, besides the advantages common to all trees, it hath peculiar helps from the art and industry of men. So he supposes this man to be placed in the most desirable circumstances.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 8:16

He [is] (i) green before the sun, and his branch shooteth forth in his garden.

(i) He compares the just to a tree, which although it is moved from one place to another, yet flourishes: so the affliction of the godly turns to their profit.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Job 21:7-15 Wherefore do the wicked live, become old, yea, are mighty in power? ... What [is] the Almighty, that we should serve him? and what profit should we have, if we pray unto him?
Psalms 37:35-36 I have seen the wicked in great power, and spreading himself like a green bay tree. ... Yet he passed away, and, lo, he [was] not: yea, I sought him, but he could not be found.
Psalms 73:3-12 For I was envious at the foolish, [when] I saw the prosperity of the wicked. ... Behold, these [are] the ungodly, who prosper in the world; they increase [in] riches.

his branch:

Job 5:3 I have seen the foolish taking root: but suddenly I cursed his habitation.
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Jb 5:3; 21:7. Ps 37:35; 73:3.

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