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Job 7:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Is there not a warfare to man upon earth? And are not his days like the days of a hireling?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [Is there] not an appointed time to man upon earth? [are not] his days also like the days of an hireling?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Is not man forced to labor on earth, And [are not] his days like the days of a hired man?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [Is there] not an appointed time to man upon earth? [are not] his days also like the days of a hireling?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Hath not man a life of labour upon earth? and are not his days like the days of a hireling?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Is there not a warfare to a mortal, upon earth? And, as the days of a hireling, are not his days?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Is there not a warfare to man on earth? And as the days of an hireling his days?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The life of man upon earth is a warfare, and his days are like the days of a hireling.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [Is there] not an appointed time to man vpon earth? [are] not his dayes also like the dayes of an hireling?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Is not the life of man upon earth a state of trial? and his existence as that of a hireling by the day?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [Is there] not an appointed time to man upon earth? [are not] his days also like the days of an hireling?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[Is there] not x3808
(3808) Complement
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
an appointed time 6635
{6635} Prime
From H6633; a mass of persons (or figurative things), especially regularly organized for war (an army); by implication a campaign, literally or figuratively (specifically hardship, worship).
to man 582
{0582} Prime
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
earth? 776
{0776} Prime
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
[are not] his days 3117
{3117} Prime
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
also like the days 3117
{3117} Prime
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
of an hireling? 7916
{7916} Prime
From H7936; a man at wages by the day or year.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 7:1

_ _ Job 7:1-21. Job excuses his desire for death.

_ _ appointed time — better, “a warfare,” hard conflict with evil (so in Isaiah 40:2; Daniel 10:1). Translate it “appointed time” (Job 14:14). Job reverts to the sad picture of man, however great, which he had drawn (Job 3:14), and details in this chapter the miseries which his friends will see, if, according to his request (Job 6:28), they will look on him. Even the Christian soldier, “warring a good warfare,” rejoices when it is completed (1 Timothy 1:18; 2 Timothy 2:3; 2 Timothy 4:7, 2 Timothy 4:8).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Job 7:1-6

_ _ Job is here excusing what he could not justify, even his inordinate desire of death. Why should he not wish for the termination of life, which would be the termination of his miseries? To enforce this reason he argues,

_ _ I. From the general condition of man upon earth (Job 7:1): “He is of few days, and full of trouble. Every man must die shortly, and every man has some reason (more or less) to desire to die shortly; and therefore why should you impute it to me as so heinous a crime that I wish to die shortly?” Or thus: “Pray mistake not my desires of death, as if I thought the time appointed of God could be anticipated: no, I know very well that that is fixed; only in such language as this I take the liberty to express my present uneasiness: Is there not an appointed time (a warfare, so the word is) to man upon earth? and are not his days here like the days of a hireling?” Observe, 1. Man's present place. He is upon earth, which God has given to the children of men, Psalms 115:16. This bespeaks man's meanness and inferiority. How much below the inhabitants of yonder elevated and refined regions is he situated! It also bespeaks God's mercy to him. He is yet upon the earth, not under it; on earth, not in hell. Our time on earth is limited and short, according to the narrow bounds of this earth; but heaven cannot be measured, nor the days of heaven numbered. 2. His continuance in that place. Is there not a time appointed for his abode here? Yes, certainly there is, and it is easy to say by whom the appointment is made, even by him that made us and set us here. We are not to be on this earth always, nor long, but for a certain time, which is determined by him in whose hand our times are. We are not to think that we are governed by the blind fortune of the Epicureans, but by the wise, holy, and sovereign counsel of God. 3. His condition during that continuance. Man's life is a warfare, and as the days of a hireling. We are every one of us to look upon ourselves in this world, (1.) As soldiers, exposed to hardship and in the midst of enemies; we must serve and be under command; and, when our warfare is accomplished, we must be disbanded, dismissed with either shame or honour, according to what we have done in the body. (2.) As day-labourers, that have the work of the day to do in its day and must make up their account at night.

_ _ II. From his own condition at this time. He had as much reason, he thought, to wish for death, as a poor servant or hireling that is tired with his work has to wish for the shadows of the evening, when he shall receive his penny and go to rest, Job 7:2. The darkness of the night is as welcome to the labourer as the light of the morning is to the watchman, Psalms 130:6. The God of nature has provided for the repose of labourers, and no wonder that they desire it. The sleep of the labouring man is sweet, Ecclesiastes 5:12. No pleasure more grateful, more relishing, to the luxurious than rest to the laborious; nor can any rich man take so much satisfaction in the return of his rent-days as the hireling in his day's wages. The comparison is plain, the application is concise and somewhat obscure, but we must supply a word or two, and then it is easy: exactness of language is not to be expected from one in Job's condition. “As a servant earnestly desires the shadow, so and for the same reason I earnestly desire death; for I am made to possess, etc.” Hear his complaint.

_ _ 1. His days were useless, and had been so a great while. He was wholly taken off from business, and utterly unfit for it. Every day was a burden to him, because he was in no capacity of doing good, or of spending it to any purpose. Et vitae partem non attigit ullamHe could not fill up his time with any thing that would turn to account. This he calls possessing months of vanity, Job 7:3. It very much increases the affliction of sickness and age, to a good man, that he is thereby forced from his usefulness. He insists not so much upon it that they are days in which he has no pleasure as that they are days in which he does not good; on that account they are months of vanity. But when we are disabled to work for God, if we will but sit still quietly for him, it is all one; we shall be accepted.

_ _ 2. His nights were restless, Job 7:3, Job 7:4. The night relieves the toil and fatigue of the day, not only to the labourers, but to the sufferers: if a sick man can but get a little sleep in the night, it helps nature, and it is hoped that he will do well, John 11:12. However, be the trouble what it will, sleep gives some intermission to the cares, and pains, and griefs, that afflict us; it is the parenthesis of our sorrows. But poor Job could not gain this relief. (1.) His nights were wearisome, and, instead of taking any rest, he did but tire himself more with tossing to and fro until morning. Those that are in great uneasiness, through pain of body or anguish of mind, think by changing sides, changing places, changing postures, to get some ease; but, while the cause is the same within, it is all to no purpose; it is but a resemblance of a fretful discontented spirit, that is ever shifting, but never easy. This made him dread the night as much as the servant desires it, and, when he lay down, to say, When will the night be gone? (2.) These wearisome nights were appointed to him. God, who determines the times before appointed, had allotted him such nights as these. Whatever is at any time grievous to us, it is good to see it appointed for us, that we may acquiesce in the event, not only as unavoidable because appointed, but as therefore designed for some holy end. When we have comfortable nights we must see them also appointed to us and be thankful for them; many better than we have wearisome nights.

_ _ 3. His body was noisome, Job 7:5. His sores bred worms, the scabs were like clods of dust, and his skin was broken; so evil was the disease which cleaved fast to him. See what vile bodies we have, and what little reason we have to pamper them or be proud of them; they have in themselves the principles of their own corruption: as fond as we are of them now, the time may come when we may loathe them and long to get rid of them.

_ _ 4. His life was hastening apace towards a period, Job 7:6. He thought he had no reason to expect a long life, for he found himself declining fast (Job 7:6): My days are swifter than a weaver's shuttle, that is, “My time is now but short, and there are but a few sands more in my glass, which will speedily run out.” Natural motions are more swift near the centre. Job thought his days ran swiftly because he thought he should soon be at his journey's end; he looked upon them as good as spent already, and he was therefore without hope of being restored to his former prosperity. It is applicable to man's life in general. Our days are like a weaver's shuttle, thrown from one side of the web to the other in the twinkling of an eye, and then back again, to and fro, until at length it is quite exhausted of the thread it carried, and then we cut off, like a weaver, our life, Isaiah 38:12. Time hastens on apace; the motion of it cannot be stopped, and, when it is past, it cannot be recalled. While we are living, as we are sowing (Galatians 6:8), so we are weaving. Every day, like the shuttle, leaves a thread behind it. Many weave the spider's web, which will fail them, Job 8:14. If we are weaving to ourselves holy garments and robes of righteousness, we shall have the benefit of them when our work comes to be reviewed and every man shall reap as he sowed and wear as he wove.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 7:1

Is there not — Job is here excusing what he cannot justify, his passionate longing for death. A time — Is there not a time limited by God, wherein man shall live in this sinful, and miserable world? And is it a crime in me, to desire that God would bring me to that joyful period? Our time on earth is limited and short, according to the narrow bounds of this earth. But heaven cannot be measured, nor the days of heaven numbered. Hireling — Whose time is short, being but a few years, or days, whose condition is full of toil and hardship.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 7:1

[Is there] not an appointed time to man upon earth? [are not] his days also like the days of an (a) hireling?

(a) Has not a hired servant some rest and ease? Then in this my continual torment I am worse than a hireling.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Is there:

Job 14:5 Seeing his days [are] determined, the number of his months [are] with thee, thou hast appointed his bounds that he cannot pass;
Job 14:13-14 O that thou wouldest hide me in the grave, that thou wouldest keep me secret, until thy wrath be past, that thou wouldest appoint me a set time, and remember me! ... If a man die, shall he live [again]? all the days of my appointed time will I wait, till my change come.
Psalms 39:4 LORD, make me to know mine end, and the measure of my days, what it [is; that] I may know how frail I [am].
Isaiah 38:5 Go, and say to Hezekiah, Thus saith the LORD, the God of David thy father, I have heard thy prayer, I have seen thy tears: behold, I will add unto thy days fifteen years.
John 11:9-10 Jesus answered, Are there not twelve hours in the day? If any man walk in the day, he stumbleth not, because he seeth the light of this world. ... But if a man walk in the night, he stumbleth, because there is no light in him.

an appointed time:
or, a warfare,
Ecclesiastes 8:8 [There is] no man that hath power over the spirit to retain the spirit; neither [hath he] power in the day of death: and [there is] no discharge in [that] war; neither shall wickedness deliver those that are given to it.

like the days:

Job 14:6 Turn from him, that he may rest, till he shall accomplish, as an hireling, his day.
Leviticus 25:50 And he shall reckon with him that bought him from the year that he was sold to him unto the year of jubile: and the price of his sale shall be according unto the number of years, according to the time of an hired servant shall it be with him.
Deuteronomy 15:18 It shall not seem hard unto thee, when thou sendest him away free from thee; for he hath been worth a double hired servant [to thee], in serving thee six years: and the LORD thy God shall bless thee in all that thou doest.
Isaiah 21:16 For thus hath the Lord said unto me, Within a year, according to the years of an hireling, and all the glory of Kedar shall fail:
Matthew 20:1-15 For the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man [that is] an householder, which went out early in the morning to hire labourers into his vineyard. ... Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with mine own? Is thine eye evil, because I am good?
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Lv 25:50. Dt 15:18. Jb 14:5, 6, 13. Ps 39:4. Ec 8:8. Is 21:16; 38:5. Mt 20:1. Jn 11:9.

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