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Job 5:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Call now; is there any that will answer thee? And to which of the holy ones wilt thou turn?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Call now, if there be any that will answer thee; and to which of the saints wilt thou turn?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Call now, is there anyone who will answer you? And to which of the holy ones will you turn?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Call now, if there is any that will answer thee; and to which of the saints wilt thou turn?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Call, I pray thee! Is there any that answereth thee? and to which of the holy ones wilt thou turn?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Call, I pray thee—is there one to answer thee? Or, to which of the holy ones, wilt thou turn?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Pray, call, is there any to answer thee? And unto which of the holy ones dost thou turn?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Call now, if there be any that will answer thee, and turn to some of the saints.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Call now, if there be any that wil answere thee, and to which of the Saints wilt thou turne?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— But call, if any one will hearken to thee, or if thou shalt see any of the holy angels.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Call now, if there be any that will answer thee; and to which of the saints wilt thou turn?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Call 7121
{7121} Prime
A primitive root (rather identical with H7122 through the idea of accosting a person met); to call out to (that is, properly address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications).
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
now, x4994
(4994) Complement
A primitive particle of incitement and entreaty, which may usually be rendered I pray, now or then; added mostly to verbs (in the imperative or future), or to interjections, occasionally to an adverb or conjugation.
if there be 3426
{3426} Prime
Perhaps from an unused root meaning to stand out, or exist; entity; used adverbially or as a copula for the substantive verb (H1961); there is or are (or any other form of the verb to be, as may suit the connection).
any that will answer 6030
{6030} Prime
A primitive root; properly to eye or (generally) to heed, that is, pay attention; by implication to respond; by extension to begin to speak; specifically to sing, shout, testify, announce.
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
thee; and to x413
(0413) Complement
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
which x4310
(4310) Complement
An interrogitive pronoun of persons, as H4100 is of things, who? (occasionally, by a peculiar idiom, of things); also (indefinitely) whoever; often used in oblique construction with prefix or suffix.
of the saints 6918
{6918} Prime
From H6942; sacred (ceremonially or morally); (as noun) God (by eminence), an angel, a saint, a sanctuary.
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
wilt thou turn? 6437
{6437} Prime
A primitive root; to turn; by implication to face, that is, appear, look, etc.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 5:1

_ _ Job 5:1-27. Eliphaz’ conclusion from the vision.

_ _ if there be any, etc. — Rather, “will He (God) reply to thee?” Job, after the revelation just given, cannot be so presumptuous as to think God or any of the holy ones (Daniel 4:17, “angels”) round His throne, will vouchsafe a reply (a judicial expression) to his rebellious complaint.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Job 5:1-5

_ _ A very warm dispute being begun between Job and his friends, Eliphaz here makes a fair motion to put the matter to a reference. In all debates perhaps the sooner this is done the better if the contenders cannot end it between themselves. So well assured is Eliphaz of the goodness of his own cause that he moves Job himself to choose the arbitrators (Job 5:1): Call now, if there be any that will answer thee; that is, 1. “If there be any that suffer as thou sufferest. Canst thou produce an instance of any one that was really a saint that was reduced to such an extremity as thou art now reduced to? God never dealt with any that love his name as he deals with thee, and therefore surely thou art none of them.” 2. “If there be any that say as thou sayest. Did ever any good man curse his day as thou dost? Or will any of the saints justify thee in these heats or passions, or say that these are the spots of God's children? Thou wilt find none of the saints that will be either thy advocates or my antagonists. To which of the saints wilt thou turn? Turn to which thou wilt, and thou wilt find they are all of my mind. I have the communis sensus fideliumthe unanimous vote of the faithful on my side; they will all subscribe to what I am going to say.” Observe, (1.) Good people are called saints even in the Old Testament; and therefore I know not why we should, in common speaking (unless because we must loqui cum vulgospeak as our neighbours), appropriate the title to those of the New Testament, and not say St. Abraham, St. Moses, and St. Isaiah, as well as St. Matthew and St. Mark; and St. David the psalmist, as well as St. David the British bishop. Aaron is expressly called the saint of the Lord. (2.) All that are themselves saints will turn to those that are so, will choose them for their friends and converse with them, will choose them for their judges and consult them. See Psalms 119:79. The saints shall judge the world, 1 Corinthians 6:1, 1 Corinthians 6:2. Walk in the way of good men (Proverbs 2:20), the old way, the footsteps of the flock. Every one chooses some sort of people or other to whom he studies to recommend himself, and whose sentiments are to him the test of honour and dishonour. Now all true saints endeavour to recommend themselves to those that are such, and to stand right in their opinion. (3.) There are some truths so plain, and so universally known and believed, that one may venture to appeal to any of the saints concerning them. However there are some things about which they unhappily differ, there are many more, and more considerable, in which they are agreed; as the evil of sin, the vanity of the world, the worth of the soul, the necessity of a holy life, and the like. Though they do not all live up, as they should, to their belief of these truths, yet they are all ready to bear their testimony to them.

_ _ Now there are two things which Eliphaz here maintains, and in which he doubts not but all the saints concur with him: —

_ _ I. That the sin of sinners directly tends to their own ruin (Job 5:2): Wrath kills the foolish man, his own wrath, and therefore he is foolish for indulging it; it is a fire in his bones, in his blood, enough to put him into a fever. Envy is the rottenness of the bones, and so slays the silly one that frets himself with it. “So it is with thee,” says Eliphaz, “while thou quarrellest with God thou doest thyself the greatest mischief; thy anger at thy own troubles, and thy envy at our prosperity, do but add to thy pain and misery: turn to the saints, and thou wilt find they understand their interest better.” Job had told his wife she spoke as the foolish women; now Eliphaz tells him he acted as the foolish men, the silly ones. Or it may be meant thus: “If men are ruined and undone, it is always their own folly that ruins and undoes them. They kill themselves by some lust or other; therefore, no doubt, Job, thou hast done some foolish thing, by which thou hast brought thyself into this calamitous condition.” Many understand it of God's wrath and jealousy. Job needed not be uneasy at the prosperity of the wicked, for the world's smiles can never shelter them from God's frowns; they are foolish and silly if they think they will. God's anger will be the death, the eternal death, of those on whom it fastens. What is hell but God's anger without mixture or period?

_ _ II. That their prosperity is short and their destruction certain, Job 5:3-5. He seems here to parallel Job's case with that which is commonly the case of wicked people. 1. Job had prospered for a time, seemed confirmed, and was secure in his prosperity; and it is common for foolish wicked men to do so: I have seen them taking root — planted, and, in their own and others' apprehension, fixed, and likely to continue. See Jeremiah 12:2; Psalms 37:35, Psalms 37:36. We see worldly men taking root in the earth; on earthly things they fix the standing of their hopes, and from them they draw the sap of their comforts. The outward estate may be flourishing, but the soul cannot prosper that takes root in the earth. 2. Job's prosperity was now at an end, and so has the prosperity of other wicked people quickly been. (1.) Eliphaz foresaw their ruin with an eye of faith. Those who looked only at present things blessed their habitation, and thought them happy, blessed it long, and wished themselves in their condition. But Eliphaz cursed it, suddenly cursed it, as soon as he saw them begin to take root, that is, he plainly foresaw and foretold their ruin; not that he prayed for it (I have not desired the woeful day), but he prognosticated it. He went into the sanctuary, and there understood their end and heard their doom read (Psalms 73:17, Psalms 73:18), that the prosperity of fools will destroy them, Proverbs 1:32. Those who believe the word of God can see a curse in the house of the wicked (Proverbs 3:33), though it be ever so finely and firmly built, and ever so full of all good things; and they can foresee that the curse will, in time, infallibly consume it with the timber thereof, and the stones thereof, Zechariah 5:4. (2.) He saw, at length, what he had foreseen. He was not disappointed in his expectation concerning him; the event answered it; his family was undone, and his estate ruined. In these particulars he plainly and very invidiously reflects on Job's calamities. [1.] His children were crushed, Job 5:4. They thought themselves safe in their eldest brother's house, but were far from safety, for they were crushed in the gate. Perhaps the door or gate of the house was highest built, and fell heaviest upon them, and there was none to deliver them from perishing in the ruins. This is commonly understood of the destruction of the families of wicked men, by the execution of justice upon them, to oblige them to restore what they have ill-gotten. They leave it to their children; but the descent shall not bar the entry of the rightful owners, who will crush their children, and cast them by due course of law (and there shall be none to help them), or perhaps by oppression, Psalms 109:9, etc. [2.] His estate was plundered, Job 5:5. Job's was so. The hungry robbers, the Sabeans and Chaldeans, ran away with it, and swallowed it; and this, says he, I have often observed in others. What has been got by spoil and rapine has been lost in the same way. The careful owner hedged it about with thorns, and then thought it safe; but the fence proved insignificant against the greediness of the spoilers (if hunger will break through the stone walls, much more through thorn hedges), and against the divine curse, which will go through the thorns and briers, and burn them together, Isaiah 27:4.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 5:1

Call — Call them all as it were by their names: will not every good man confirm what I say? If — Try if there be any one saint that will defend thee in these bold expostulations with God. Thou mayst find fools or wicked men, to do it: but not one of the children of God.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 5:1

Call now, if there be any that will (a) answer thee; and to which of the saints wilt thou turn?

(a) He wills Job to consider the example of all who have lived or live godly, whether any of them are like him in raging against God as he does.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
and to which:

Job 15:8-10 Hast thou heard the secret of God? and dost thou restrain wisdom to thyself? ... With us [are] both the grayheaded and very aged men, much elder than thy father.
Job 15:15 Behold, he putteth no trust in his saints; yea, the heavens are not clean in his sight.
Isaiah 41:1 Keep silence before me, O islands; and let the people renew [their] strength: let them come near; then let them speak: let us come near together to judgment.
Isaiah 41:21-23 Produce your cause, saith the LORD; bring forth your strong [reasons], saith the King of Jacob. ... Shew the things that are to come hereafter, that we may know that ye [are] gods: yea, do good, or do evil, that we may be dismayed, and behold [it] together.
Hebrews 12:1 Wherefore seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset [us], and let us run with patience the race that is set before us,

the saints:

Job 4:18 Behold, he put no trust in his servants; and his angels he charged with folly:
Job 15:15 Behold, he putteth no trust in his saints; yea, the heavens are not clean in his sight.
Deuteronomy 33:2-3 And he said, The LORD came from Sinai, and rose up from Seir unto them; he shined forth from mount Paran, and he came with ten thousands of saints: from his right hand [went] a fiery law for them. ... Yea, he loved the people; all his saints [are] in thy hand: and they sat down at thy feet; [every one] shall receive of thy words.
Psalms 16:3 [But] to the saints that [are] in the earth, and [to] the excellent, in whom [is] all my delight.
Psalms 106:16 They envied Moses also in the camp, [and] Aaron the saint of the LORD.
Ephesians 1:1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, to the saints which are at Ephesus, and to the faithful in Christ Jesus:

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Dt 33:2. Jb 4:18; 15:8, 15. Ps 16:3; 106:16. Is 41:1, 21. Ep 1:1. He 12:1.

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