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Job 4:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— How much more them that dwell in houses of clay, Whose foundation is in the dust, Who are crushed before the moth!
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— How much less [in] them that dwell in houses of clay, whose foundation [is] in the dust, [which] are crushed before the moth?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘How much more those who dwell in houses of clay, Whose foundation is in the dust, Who are crushed before the moth!
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— How much less [in] them that dwell in houses of clay, whose foundation [is] in the dust, [who] are crushed before the moth?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— How much more them that dwell in houses of clay, whose foundation is in the dust, who are crushed as the moth!
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— How much more the dwellers in houses of clay, which, in the dust, have their foundation, which are crushed sooner than a moth:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Also—the inhabitants of houses of clay, (Whose foundation [is] in the dust, They bruise them before a moth.)
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— How much more shall they that dwell in houses of clay, who have an earthly foundation, be consumed as with the moth?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Howe much lesse [on] them that dwell in houses of clay, whose foundation is in the dust, which are crushed before the moth.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— But [as for] them that dwell in houses of clay, of whom we also are formed of the same clay, he smites them like a moth.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— How much less [in] them that dwell in houses of clay, whose foundation [is] in the dust, [which] are crushed before the moth?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
How much less 637
{0637} Prime
אַף
'aph
{af}
A primitive particle; meaning accession (used as an adverb or conjugation); also or yea; adversatively though.
[in] them that dwell y7931
[7931] Standard
שָׁכַן
shakan
{shaw-kan'}
A primitive root (apparently akin (by transmutation) to H7901 through the idea of lodging; compare H5531 and H7925); to reside or permanently stay (literally or figuratively).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
in x7931
(7931) Complement
שָׁכַן
shakan
{shaw-kan'}
A primitive root (apparently akin (by transmutation) to H7901 through the idea of lodging; compare H5531 and H7925); to reside or permanently stay (literally or figuratively).
houses 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
of clay, 2563
{2563} Prime
חֹמֶר
chomer
{kho'-mer}
From H2560; properly a bubbling up, that is, of water, a wave; of earth, mire or clay (cement); also a heap; hence a chomer or dry measure.
whose x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
foundation 3247
{3247} Prime
יְסוֹד
y@cowd
{yes-ode'}
From H3245; a foundation (literally or figuratively).
[is] in the dust, 6083
{6083} Prime
עָפָר
`aphar
{aw-fawr'}
From H6080; dust (as powdered or gray); hence clay, earth, mud.
[which] are crushed 1792
{1792} Prime
דּכא
daka'
{daw-kaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1794) to crumble; transitively to bruise (literally or figuratively).
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
the moth? 6211
{6211} Prime
עָשׂ
`ash
{awsh}
From H6244; a moth.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 4:19

_ _ houses of clay — (2 Corinthians 5:1). Houses made of sun-dried clay bricks are common in the East; they are easily washed away (Matthew 7:27). Man’s foundation is this dust (Genesis 3:19).

_ _ before the moth — rather, “as before the moth,” which devours a garment (Job 13:28; Psalms 39:11; Isaiah 50:9). Man, who cannot, in a physical point of view, stand before the very moth, surely cannot, in a moral, stand before God.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 4:12-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 4:19

How, &c. — The sense is, what strange presumption then is it for a foolish and mortal man, to make himself more just than God. In them — Who though they have immortal spirits, yet those spirits dwell in mortal bodies, which are great clogs, and incumbrances, and snares to them. These are called houses, (because they are the receptacles of the soul, and the places of its settled abode) and houses of clay, because they were made of clay, or earth, and to note their great frailty and mutability; whereas the angels are free spirits, unconfined to such carcasses, and dwell in celestial, and glorious, and everlasting mansions. Whose — Whose very foundation, no less than the rest of the building, is in the dust; had their original from it, and must return to it. We stand but upon the dust: some have an higher heap of dust to stand upon than others. But still it is the earth that stays us up, and will shortly swallow us up. Before — Sooner than a moth is crushed, which is easily done by a gentle touch of the finger. Or, at the face of a moth. No creature is so contemptible, but one time or other it may have the body of man in its power.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 4:19

How much less [in] them that dwell in houses of (n) clay, whose foundation [is] in the dust, [which] are crushed before the moth?

(n) That is, in this mortal body, subject to corruption, as in (2 Corinthians 5:1).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
dwell:

Job 10:9 Remember, I beseech thee, that thou hast made me as the clay; and wilt thou bring me into dust again?
Job 13:12 Your remembrances [are] like unto ashes, your bodies to bodies of clay.
Job 33:6 Behold, I [am] according to thy wish in God's stead: I also am formed out of the clay.
Genesis 2:7 And the LORD God formed man [of] the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.
Genesis 3:19 In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou [art], and unto dust shalt thou return.
Genesis 18:27 And Abraham answered and said, Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord, which [am but] dust and ashes:
Ecclesiastes 12:7 Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it.
2 Corinthians 4:7 But we have this treasure in earthen vessels, that the excellency of the power may be of God, and not of us.
2 Corinthians 5:1 For we know that if our earthly house of [this] tabernacle were dissolved, we have a building of God, an house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens.

crushed:

Job 13:28 And he, as a rotten thing, consumeth, as a garment that is moth eaten.
Job 14:2 He cometh forth like a flower, and is cut down: he fleeth also as a shadow, and continueth not.
Psalms 39:11 When thou with rebukes dost correct man for iniquity, thou makest his beauty to consume away like a moth: surely every man [is] vanity. Selah.
Psalms 90:5-7 Thou carriest them away as with a flood; they are [as] a sleep: in the morning [they are] like grass [which] groweth up. ... For we are consumed by thine anger, and by thy wrath are we troubled.
Psalms 103:15-16 [As for] man, his days [are] as grass: as a flower of the field, so he flourisheth. ... For the wind passeth over it, and it is gone; and the place thereof shall know it no more.
Psalms 146:4 His breath goeth forth, he returneth to his earth; in that very day his thoughts perish.
1 Peter 1:24 For all flesh [is] as grass, and all the glory of man as the flower of grass. The grass withereth, and the flower thereof falleth away:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 2:7; 3:19; 18:27. Jb 10:9; 13:12, 28; 14:2; 33:6. Ps 39:11; 90:5; 103:15; 146:4. Ec 12:7. 2Co 4:7; 5:1. 1P 1:24.

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