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Job 4:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Shall mortal man be more just than God? Shall a man be more pure than his Maker?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Shall mortal man be more just than God? shall a man be more pure than his maker?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘Can mankind be just before God? Can a man be pure before his Maker?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Shall mortal man be more just than God? shall a man be more pure than his maker?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Shall [mortal] man be more just than +God? Shall a man be purer than his Maker?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Shall, mortal man, be more just than GOD? Or a man be more pure than, his Maker?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Is mortal man than God more righteous? Than his Maker is a man cleaner?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Shall man be justified in comparison of God, or shall a man be more pure than his maker?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Shall mortall man be more iust then God? shall a man bee more pure then his maker?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— What, shall a mortal be pure before the Lord? or a man be blameless in regard to his works?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Shall mortal man be more just than Eloah? shall a man be more pure than his maker?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Shall mortal man 582
{0582} Prime
אֱנוֹשׁ
'enowsh
{en-oshe'}
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
be more just y6663
[6663] Standard
צָדַק
tsadaq
{tsaw-dak'}
A primitive root; to be (causatively make) right (in a moral or forensic sense).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
than lh אֱלוֹהַ? 433
{0433} Prime
אֱלוֹהַּ
'elowahh
{el-o'-ah}
(The second form is rare); probably prolonged (emphatically) from H0410; a deity or the deity.
x6663
(6663) Complement
צָדַק
tsadaq
{tsaw-dak'}
A primitive root; to be (causatively make) right (in a moral or forensic sense).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
shall a man 1397
{1397} Prime
גֶּבֶר
geber
{gheh'-ber}
From H1396; properly a valiant man or warrior; generally a person simply.
be more pure 2891
{2891} Prime
טָהֵר
taher
{taw-hare'}
A primitive root; properly to be bright; that is, (by implication) to be pure (physically sound, clear, unadulterated; Levitically uncontaminated; morally innocent or holy).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
than his maker? 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 4:17

_ _ mortal man ... a man — Two Hebrew words for “man” are used; the first implying his feebleness; the second his strength. Whether feeble or strong, man is not righteous before God.

_ _ more just than God ... more pure than his maker — But this would be self-evident without an oracle.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 4:12-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 4:17

More just — Pretend more strictly to observe the laws of justice? Shall (enosh) mortal, miserable man (so the word signifies) be thus insolent? Nay, shall geber, the strongest and most eminent man, stand in competition with God? Those that find fault with the directions of the Divine law, the dispensations of the Divine grace, or the disposal of the Divine providence, do make themselves more just and pure than God: who being their maker, is their Lord and owner: and the author of all the justice and purity that is in man.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 4:17

Shall mortal man be more (l) just than God? shall a man be more pure than his maker?

(l) He proves that if God punished the innocent, the creature would be more just than the creator, which was blasphemy.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Shall mortal:

Job 8:3 Doth God pervert judgment? or doth the Almighty pervert justice?
Job 9:2 I know [it is] so of a truth: but how should man be just with God?
Job 35:2 Thinkest thou this to be right, [that] thou saidst, My righteousness [is] more than God's?
Job 40:8 Wilt thou also disannul my judgment? wilt thou condemn me, that thou mayest be righteous?
Genesis 18:25 That be far from thee to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked: and that the righteous should be as the wicked, that be far from thee: Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?
Psalms 143:2 And enter not into judgment with thy servant: for in thy sight shall no man living be justified.
Psalms 145:17 The LORD [is] righteous in all his ways, and holy in all his works.
Ecclesiastes 7:20 For [there is] not a just man upon earth, that doeth good, and sinneth not.
Jeremiah 12:1 Righteous [art] thou, O LORD, when I plead with thee: yet let me talk with thee of [thy] judgments: Wherefore doth the way of the wicked prosper? [wherefore] are all they happy that deal very treacherously?
Romans 2:5 But after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God;
Romans 3:4-7 God forbid: yea, let God be true, but every man a liar; as it is written, That thou mightest be justified in thy sayings, and mightest overcome when thou art judged. ... For if the truth of God hath more abounded through my lie unto his glory; why yet am I also judged as a sinner?
Romans 9:20 Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed [it], Why hast thou made me thus?
Romans 11:33 O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable [are] his judgments, and his ways past finding out!

shall a man:

Job 9:30-31 If I wash myself with snow water, and make my hands never so clean; ... Yet shalt thou plunge me in the ditch, and mine own clothes shall abhor me.
Job 14:4 Who can bring a clean [thing] out of an unclean? not one.
Job 15:14 What [is] man, that he should be clean? and [he which is] born of a woman, that he should be righteous?
Job 25:4 How then can man be justified with God? or how can he be clean [that is] born of a woman?
Jeremiah 17:9 The heart [is] deceitful above all [things], and desperately wicked: who can know it?
Mark 7:20-23 And he said, That which cometh out of the man, that defileth the man. ... All these evil things come from within, and defile the man.
Revelation 4:8 And the four beasts had each of them six wings about [him]; and [they were] full of eyes within: and they rest not day and night, saying, Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, which was, and is, and is to come.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 18:25. Jb 8:3; 9:2, 30; 14:4; 15:14; 25:4; 35:2; 40:8. Ps 143:2; 145:17. Ec 7:20. Jr 12:1; 17:9. Mk 7:20. Ro 2:5; 3:4; 9:20; 11:33. Rv 4:8.

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