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Job 39:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Hast thou given the horse [his] might? Hast thou clothed his neck with the quivering mane?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Hast thou given the horse strength? hast thou clothed his neck with thunder?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Do you give the horse [his] might? Do you clothe his neck with a mane?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Hast thou given the horse strength? hast thou clothed his neck with thunder?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Hast thou given strength to the horse? hast thou clothed his neck with the quivering mane?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Couldst thou give—to the Horse—strength? Couldst thou clothe his neck with the quivering mane?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Dost thou give to the horse might? Dost thou clothe his neck [with] a mane?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Wilt thou give strength to the horse or clothe his neck with neighing?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Hast thou giuen the horse strength? hast thou clothed his necke with thunder?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Hast thou invested the horse with strength, and clothed his neck with terror?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Hast thou given the horse strength? hast thou clothed his neck with thunder?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Hast thou given 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the horse 5483
{5483} Prime
סוּס
cuwc
{soos}
From an unused root meaning to skip (properly for joy); a horse (as leaping); also a swallow (from its rapid flight).
strength? 1369
{1369} Prime
גְּבוּרָה
g@buwrah
{gheb-oo-raw'}
Feminine passive participle from the same as H1368; force (literally or figuratively); by implication valor, victory.
hast thou clothed 3847
{3847} Prime
לָבַשׁ
labash
{law-bash'}
A primitive root; properly wrap around, that is, (by implication) to put on a garment or clothe (oneself, or another), literally or figuratively.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
his neck 6677
{6677} Prime
צַוָּאר
tsavva'r
{tsav-vawr'}
Intensive from H6696 in the sense of binding; the back of the neck (as that on which burdens are bound).
with thunder? 7483
{7483} Prime
רַעְמָה
ra`mah
{rah-maw'}
Feminine of H7482; the mane of a horse (as quivering in the wind).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 39:19

_ _ The allusion to “the horse” (Job 39:18), suggests the description of him. Arab poets delight in praising the horse; yet it is not mentioned in the possessions of Job (Job 1:3; Job 42:12). It seems to have been at the time chiefly used for war, rather than “domestic purposes.”

_ _ thunder — poetically for, “he with arched neck inspires fear as thunder does.” Translate, “majesty” [Umbreit]. Rather “the trembling, quivering mane,” answering to the “vibrating wing” of the ostrich (see on Job 39:13) [Maurer]. “Mane” in Greek also is from a root meaning “fear.” English Version is more sublime.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Job 39:19-25

_ _ God, having displayed his own power in those creatures that are strong and despise man, here shows it in one scarcely inferior to any of them in strength, and yet very tame and serviceable to man, and that is the horse, especially the horse that is prepared against the day of battle and is serviceable to man at a time when he has more than ordinary occasion for his service. It seems, there was, in Job's country, a noble generous breed of horses. Job, it is probable, kept many, though they are not mentioned among his possessions, cattle for use in husbandry being there valued more than those for state and war, which alone horses were then reserved for, and they were not then put to such mean services as with us they are commonly put to. Concerning the great horse, that stately beast, it is here observed, 1. That he has a great deal of strength and spirit (v. 19): Hast thou given the horse strength? He uses his strength for man, but has it not from him: God gave it to him, who is the fountain of all the powers of nature, and yet he himself delights not in the strength of the horse (Psalms 147:10), but has told us that a horse is a vain thing for safety, Psalms 33:17. For running, drawing, and carrying, no creature that is ordinarily in the service of man has so much strength as the horse has, nor is of so stout and bold a spirit, not to be made afraid as a grasshopper, but daring and forward to face danger. It is a mercy to man to have such a servant, which, though very strong, submits to the management of a child, and rebels not against his owner. But let not the strength of a horse be trusted to, Hosea 14:3; Psalms 20:7; Isaiah 31:1, Isaiah 31:3. 2. That his neck and nostrils look great. His neck is clothed with thunder, with a large and flowing mane, which makes him formidable and is an ornament to him. The glory of his nostrils, when he snorts, flings up his head, and throws foam about, is terrible, Job 39:20. Perhaps there might be at that time, and in that country, a more stately breed of horses than any we have now. 3. That he is very fierce and furious in battle, and charges with an undaunted courage, though he pushes on in imminent danger of his life. (1.) See how frolicsome he is (Job 39:21): He paws in the valley, scarcely knowing what ground he stands upon. He is proud of his strength, and he has much more reason to be so as using his strength in the service of man, and under his direction, than the wild ass that uses it in contempt of man, and in a revolt from him Job 39:8. (2.) See how forward he is to engage: He goes on to meet the armed men, animated, not by the goodness of the cause, or the prospect of honour, but only by the sound of the trumpet, the thunder of the captains, and the shouting of the soldiers, which are as bellows to the fire of his innate courage, and make him spring forward with the utmost eagerness, as if he cried, Ha! ha! Job 39:25. How wonderfully are the brute-creatures fitted for and inclined to the services for which they were designed. (3.) See how fearless he is, how he despises death and the most threatening dangers, (Job 39:22): He mocks at fear, and makes a jest of it; slash at him with a sword, rattle the quiver, brandish the spear, to drive him back, he will not retreat, but press forward, and even inspires courage into his rider. (4.) See how furious he is. He curvets and prances, and runs on with so much violence and heat against the enemy that one would think he even swallowed the ground with fierceness and rage, Job 39:24. High mettle is the praise of a horse rather than of a man, whom fierceness and rage ill become. This description of the war-horse will help to explain that character which is given of presumptuous sinners, Jeremiah 8:6. Every one turneth to his course, as the horse rusheth into the battle. When a man's heart is fully set in him to do evil, and he is carried on in a wicked way by the violence of inordinate appetites and passions, there is no making him afraid of the wrath of God and the fatal consequences of sin. Let his own conscience set before him the curse of the law, the death that is the wages of sin, and all the terrors of the Almighty in battle-array; he mocks at this fear, and is not affrighted, neither turns he back from the flaming sword of the cherubim. Let ministers lift up their voice like a trumpet, to proclaim the wrath of God against him, he believes not that it is the sound of the trumpet, nor that God and his heralds are in earnest with him; but what will be in the end hereof it is easy to foresee.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 39:19

Thunder — A strong metaphor, to denote force and terror.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 39:19

Hast thou given the horse strength? hast thou clothed his neck with (m) thunder?

(m) That is, given him courage? which is meant by neighing and shaking his neck.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the horse:

Exodus 15:1 Then sang Moses and the children of Israel this song unto the LORD, and spake, saying, I will sing unto the LORD, for he hath triumphed gloriously: the horse and his rider hath he thrown into the sea.
Psalms 147:10 He delighteth not in the strength of the horse: he taketh not pleasure in the legs of a man.

clothed:

Psalms 93:1 The LORD reigneth, he is clothed with majesty; the LORD is clothed with strength, [wherewith] he hath girded himself: the world also is stablished, that it cannot be moved.
Psalms 104:1 Bless the LORD, O my soul. O LORD my God, thou art very great; thou art clothed with honour and majesty.

thunder:

Job 39:25 He saith among the trumpets, Ha, ha; and he smelleth the battle afar off, the thunder of the captains, and the shouting.
Mark 3:17 And James the [son] of Zebedee, and John the brother of James; and he surnamed them Boanerges, which is, The sons of thunder:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 15:1. Jb 39:25. Ps 93:1; 104:1; 147:10. Mk 3:17.

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