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Job 39:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— She dealeth hardly with her young ones, as if they were not hers: Though her labor be in vain, [she is] without fear;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— She is hardened against her young ones, as though [they were] not hers: her labour is in vain without fear;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “She treats her young cruelly, as if [they] were not hers; Though her labor be in vain, [she] is unconcerned;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— She is hardened against her young ones, as though [they were] not hers: her labor is in vain without fear;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— She is hardened against her young ones, as though they were not hers; her labour is in vain, without her concern.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Dealing hardly with her young, as none-of hers, In vain, her labour, without dread.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Her young ones it hath hardened without her, In vain [is] her labour without fear.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— She is hardened against her young ones, as though they were not hers, she hath laboured in vain, no fear constraining her.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— She is hardened against her yong ones, as though they were not hers: her labour is in vaine without feare.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— She has hardened [herself] against her young ones, as though [she bereaved] not herself: she labours in vain without fear.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— She is hardened against her young ones, as though [they were] not hers: her labour is in vain without fear;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
She is hardened 7188
{7188} Prime
A primitive root; to be (causatively make) unfeeling.
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
against her young ones, 1121
{1121} Prime
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
as though [they were] not 3808
{3808} Prime
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
hers: her labour 3018
{3018} Prime
From H3021; toil; hence a work, produce, property (as the result of labor).
is in vain 7385
{7385} Prime
From H7324; emptiness; figuratively a worthless thing; adverbially in vain.
without x1097
(1097) Complement
From H1086; properly failure, that is, nothing or destruction; usually (with preposition) without, not yet, because not, as long as, etc.
fear; 6343
{6343} Prime
From H6342; a (sudden) alarm (properly the object feared, by implication the feeling).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 39:16

_ _ On a slight noise she often forsakes her eggs, and returns not, as if she were “hardened towards her young.”

_ _ her labour — in producing eggs, is in vain, (yet) she has not disquietude (about her young), unlike other birds, who, if one egg and another are taken away, will go on laying till their full number is made up.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 39:13-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 39:16

Her labour — In laying her eggs is in vain, because she hath not the fear and tender concern for them, which she should have.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 39:16

She is hardened against her young ones, as though [they were] not hers: her labour is (i) in vain without fear;

(i) If he should take care of them.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Lamentations 4:3 Even the sea monsters draw out the breast, they give suck to their young ones: the daughter of my people [is become] cruel, like the ostriches in the wilderness.


Deuteronomy 28:56-57 The tender and delicate woman among you, which would not adventure to set the sole of her foot upon the ground for delicateness and tenderness, her eye shall be evil toward the husband of her bosom, and toward her son, and toward her daughter, ... And toward her young one that cometh out from between her feet, and toward her children which she shall bear: for she shall eat them for want of all [things] secretly in the siege and straitness, wherewith thine enemy shall distress thee in thy gates.
1 Kings 3:26-27 Then spake the woman whose the living child [was] unto the king, for her bowels yearned upon her son, and she said, O my lord, give her the living child, and in no wise slay it. But the other said, Let it be neither mine nor thine, [but] divide [it]. ... Then the king answered and said, Give her the living child, and in no wise slay it: she [is] the mother thereof.
2 Kings 6:28-29 And the king said unto her, What aileth thee? And she answered, This woman said unto me, Give thy son, that we may eat him to day, and we will eat my son to morrow. ... So we boiled my son, and did eat him: and I said unto her on the next day, Give thy son, that we may eat him: and she hath hid her son.
Lamentations 2:20 Behold, O LORD, and consider to whom thou hast done this. Shall the women eat their fruit, [and] children of a span long? shall the priest and the prophet be slain in the sanctuary of the Lord?
Romans 1:31 Without understanding, covenantbreakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful:

her labour:

Ecclesiastes 10:15 The labour of the foolish wearieth every one of them, because he knoweth not how to go to the city.
Habakkuk 2:13 Behold, [is it] not of the LORD of hosts that the people shall labour in the very fire, and the people shall weary themselves for very vanity?
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Dt 28:56. 1K 3:26. 2K 6:28. Ec 10:15. Lm 2:20; 4:3. Hab 2:13. Ro 1:31.

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