Parallel Bible VersionsHebrew Bible Study Tools

Job 39:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The wings of the ostrich wave proudly; [But] are they the pinions and plumage of love?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [Gavest thou] the goodly wings unto the peacocks? or wings and feathers unto the ostrich?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “The ostriches’ wings flap joyously With the pinion and plumage of love,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [Gavest thou] the goodly wings to the peacocks? or wings and feathers to the ostrich!
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The wing of the ostrich beats joyously—But is it the stork's pinion and plumage?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The wing of the Ostrich that waveth itself joyfully, Is it the pinion of lovingkindness or the plumage?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The wing of the rattling ones exulteth, Whether the pinion of the ostrich or hawk.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The wing of the ostrich is like the wings of the heron, and of the hawk.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [Gauest thou] the goodly wings vnto the peacocks, or wings and feathers vnto the Ostrich?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The peacock has a beautiful wing: if the stork and the ostrich conceive, [it is worthy of notice],
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [Gavest thou] the goodly wings unto the peacocks? or wings and feathers unto the ostrich?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[Gavest thou] the goodly y7443
[7443] Standard
רֶנֶן
renen
{reh'-nen}
From H7442; an ostrich (from its wail).
x5965
(5965) Complement
עָלַס
`alac
{aw-las'}
A primitive root; to leap for joy, that is, exult, wave joyously.
wings 3671
{3671} Prime
כָּנָף
kanaph
{kaw-nawf'}
From H3670; an edge or extremity; specifically (of a bird or army) a wing, (of a garment or bed clothing) a flap, (of the earth) a quarter, (of a building) a pinnacle.
unto the peacocks? y5965
[5965] Standard
עָלַס
`alac
{aw-las'}
A primitive root; to leap for joy, that is, exult, wave joyously.
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
x7443
(7443) Complement
רֶנֶן
renen
{reh'-nen}
From H7442; an ostrich (from its wail).
or x518
(0518) Complement
אִם
'im
{eem}
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
wings 84
{0084} Prime
אֶבְרָה
'ebrah
{eb-raw'}
Feminine of H0083.
and feathers 2624
{2624} Prime
חֲסִידָה
chaciydah
{khas-ee-daw'}
Feminine of H2623; the kind (maternal) bird, that is, a stork.
unto the ostrich? 5133
{5133} Prime
נוֹצָה
nowtsah
{no-tsaw'}
Feminine active participle of H5327 in the sense of flying; a pinion (or wing feather); often (collectively) plumage.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 39:13

_ _ Rather, “the wing of the ostrich hen” — literally, “the crying bird”; as the Arab name for it means “song”; referring to its night cries (Job 30:29; Micah 1:8) vibrating joyously. “Is it not like the quill and feathers of the pious bird” (the stork)? [Umbreit]. The vibrating, quivering wing, serving for sail and oar at once, is characteristic of the ostrich in full course. Its white and black feathers in the wing and tail are like the stork’s. But, unlike that bird, the symbol of parental love in the East, it with seeming want of natural (pious) affection deserts its young. Both birds are poetically called by descriptive, instead of their usual appellative, names.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Job 39:13-18

_ _ The ostrich is a wonderful animal, a very large bird, but it never flies. Some have called it a winged camel. God here gives an account of it, and observes,

_ _ I. Something that it has in common with the peacock, that is, beautiful feathers (Job 39:13): Gavest thou proud wings unto the peacocks? so some read it. Fine feathers make proud birds. The peacock is an emblem of pride; when he struts, and shows his fine feathers, Solomon in all his glory is not arrayed like him. The ostrich too has goodly feathers, and yet is a foolish bird; for wisdom does not always go along with beauty and gaiety. Other birds do not envy the peacock or the ostrich their gaudy colours, nor complain for want of them; why then should we repine if we see others wear better clothes than we can afford to wear? God gives his gifts variously, and those gifts are not always the most valuable that make the finest show. Who would not rather have the voice of the nightingale than the tail of the peacock, the eye of the eagle and her soaring wing, and the natural affection of the stork, than the beautiful wings and feathers of the ostrich, which can never rise above the earth, and is without natural affection?

_ _ II. Something that is peculiar to itself,

_ _ 1. Carelessness of her young. It is well that this is peculiar to herself, for it is a very bad character. Observe, (1.) How she exposes her eggs; she does not retire to some private place, and make a nest there, as the sparrows and swallows do (Psalms 84:3), and there lay eggs and hatch her young. Most birds, as well as other animals, are strangely guided by natural instinct in providing for the preservation of their young. But the ostrich is a monster in nature, for she drops her eggs any where upon the ground and takes no care to hatch them. If the sand and the sun will hatch them, well and good; they may for her, for she will not warm them, Job 39:14. Nay, she takes no care to preserve them: The foot of the traveller may crush them, and the wild beast break them, Job 39:15. But how then are any young ones brought forth, and whence is it that the species has not perished? We must suppose either that God, by a special providence, with the heat of the sun and the sand (so some think), hatches the neglected eggs of the ostrich, as he feeds the neglected young ones of the raven, or that, though the ostrich often leaves her eggs thus, yet not always. (2.) The reason why she does thus expose her eggs. It is, [1.] For want of natural affection (Job 39:16): She is hardened against her young ones. To be hardened against any is unamiable, even in a brute-creature, much more in a rational creature that boasts of humanity, especially to be hardened against young ones, that cannot help themselves and therefore merit compassion, that give no provocation and therefore merit no hard usage: but it is worst of all for her to be hardened against her own young ones, as though they were not hers, whereas really they are parts of herself. Her labour in laying her eggs is in vain and all lost, because she has not that fear and tender concern for them that she should have. Those are most likely to lose their labour that are least in fear of losing it. [2.] For want of wisdom (Job 39:17): God has deprived her of wisdom. This intimates that the art which other animals have to nourish and preserve their young is God's gift, and that, where it exists not, God denies it, that by the folly of the ostrich, as well as by the wisdom of the ant, we may learn to be wise; for, First, As careless as the ostrich is of her eggs so careless many people are of their own souls; they make no provision for them, no proper nest in which they may be safe, leave them exposed to Satan and his temptations, which is a certain evidence that they are deprived of wisdom. Secondly, So careless are many parents of their children; some of their bodies, not providing for their own house, their own bowels, and therefore worse than infidels, and as bad as the ostrich; but many more are thus careless of their children's souls, take no care of their education, send them abroad into the world untaught, unarmed, forgetting what corruption there is in the world through lust, which will certainly crush them. Thus their labour in rearing them comes to be in vain; it were better for their country that they had never been born. Thirdly, So careless are too many ministers of their people, with whom they should reside; but they leave them in the earth, and forget how busy Satan is to sow tares while men sleep. They overlook those whom they should oversee, and are really hardened against them.

_ _ 2. Care of herself. She leaves her eggs in danger, but, if she herself be in danger, no creature shall strive more to get out of the way of it than the ostrich, Job 39:18. Then she lifts up her wings on high (the strength of which then stands her in better stead than their beauty), and, with the help of them, runs so fast that a horseman at full speed cannot overtake her: She scorneth the horse and his rider. Those that are least under the law of natural affection often contend most for the law of self-preservation. Let not the rider be proud of the swiftness of his horse when such an animal as the ostrich shall out-run him.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
peacocks:

1 Kings 10:22 For the king had at sea a navy of Tharshish with the navy of Hiram: once in three years came the navy of Tharshish, bringing gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacocks.
2 Chronicles 9:21 For the king's ships went to Tarshish with the servants of Huram: every three years once came the ships of Tarshish bringing gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacocks.

wings and feathers unto the:
or, the feathers of the stork and,
Job 30:29 I am a brother to dragons, and a companion to owls.
*marg.
Leviticus 11:19 And the stork, the heron after her kind, and the lapwing, and the bat.
Psalms 104:17 Where the birds make their nests: [as for] the stork, the fir trees [are] her house.
Jeremiah 8:7 Yea, the stork in the heaven knoweth her appointed times; and the turtle and the crane and the swallow observe the time of their coming; but my people know not the judgment of the LORD.
Zechariah 5:9 Then lifted I up mine eyes, and looked, and, behold, there came out two women, and the wind [was] in their wings; for they had wings like the wings of a stork: and they lifted up the ephah between the earth and the heaven.
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes



Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 11:19. 1K 10:22. 2Ch 9:21. Jb 30:29. Ps 104:17. Jr 8:7. Zc 5:9.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on Job 39:13.
Name:

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on Job 39:13


Recent Chat Bible Comments