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Job 38:28 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Hath the rain a father? Or who hath begotten the drops of dew?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Hath the rain a father? or who hath begotten the drops of dew?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Has the rain a father? Or who has begotten the drops of dew?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Hath the rain a father? or who hath begotten the drops of the dew?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Hath the rain a father? or who begetteth the drops of dew?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Hath the rain a father? Or who hath begotten the drops of dew?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Hath the rain a father? Or who hath begotten the drops of dew?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Who is the father of rain? or who begot the drops of dew?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Hath the raine a father? Or who hath begotten the drops of dew?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Who is the rain's father? and who has generated the drops of dew?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Hath the rain a father? or who hath begotten the drops of dew?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Hath 3426
{3426} Prime
יֵשׁ
yesh
{yaysh}
Perhaps from an unused root meaning to stand out, or exist; entity; used adverbially or as a copula for the substantive verb (H1961); there is or are (or any other form of the verb to be, as may suit the connection).
the rain 4306
{4306} Prime
מָטָר
matar
{maw-tawr'}
From H4305; rain.
a father? 1
{0001} Prime
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
or x176
(0176) Complement
אוֹ
'ow
{o}
The first form is presumed to be the 'constructive' or genitival form of the second form which is short for H0185; desire (and so probably in Proverbs 31:4); hence (by way of alternative) or, also if.
who x4310
(4310) Complement
מִי
miy
{me}
An interrogitive pronoun of persons, as H4100 is of things, who? (occasionally, by a peculiar idiom, of things); also (indefinitely) whoever; often used in oblique construction with prefix or suffix.
hath begotten 3205
{3205} Prime
יָלַד
yalad
{yaw-lad'}
A primitive root; to bear young; causatively to beget; medically to act as midwife; specifically to show lineage.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
the drops 96
{0096} Prime
אֶגֶל
'egel
{eh'-ghel}
From an unused root (meaning to flow down or together as drops); a reservoir.
of dew? 2919
{2919} Prime
טַל
tal
{tal}
From H2926; dew (as covering vegetation).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Job 38:19-38.


Job 38:28

_ _ Can any visible origin of rain and dew be assigned by man? Dew is moisture, which was suspended in the air, but becomes condensed on reaching the — in the night — lower temperature of objects on the earth.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 38:25-41.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 38:28

Father — Is there any man that can beget or produce rain at his pleasure?

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Hath the:

Job 38:8 Or [who] shut up the sea with doors, when it brake forth, [as if] it had issued out of the womb?
Job 5:9-10 Which doeth great things and unsearchable; marvellous things without number: ... Who giveth rain upon the earth, and sendeth waters upon the fields:
1 Samuel 12:17-18 [Is it] not wheat harvest to day? I will call unto the LORD, and he shall send thunder and rain; that ye may perceive and see that your wickedness [is] great, which ye have done in the sight of the LORD, in asking you a king. ... So Samuel called unto the LORD; and the LORD sent thunder and rain that day: and all the people greatly feared the LORD and Samuel.
Psalms 65:9-10 Thou visitest the earth, and waterest it: thou greatly enrichest it with the river of God, [which] is full of water: thou preparest them corn, when thou hast so provided for it. ... Thou waterest the ridges thereof abundantly: thou settlest the furrows thereof: thou makest it soft with showers: thou blessest the springing thereof.
Jeremiah 5:24 Neither say they in their heart, Let us now fear the LORD our God, that giveth rain, both the former and the latter, in his season: he reserveth unto us the appointed weeks of the harvest.
Jeremiah 10:13 When he uttereth his voice, [there is] a multitude of waters in the heavens, and he causeth the vapours to ascend from the ends of the earth; he maketh lightnings with rain, and bringeth forth the wind out of his treasures.
Jeremiah 14:22 Are there [any] among the vanities of the Gentiles that can cause rain? or can the heavens give showers? [art] not thou he, O LORD our God? therefore we will wait upon thee: for thou hast made all these [things].
Joel 2:23 Be glad then, ye children of Zion, and rejoice in the LORD your God: for he hath given you the former rain moderately, and he will cause to come down for you the rain, the former rain, and the latter rain in the first [month].
Amos 4:7 And also I have withholden the rain from you, when [there were] yet three months to the harvest: and I caused it to rain upon one city, and caused it not to rain upon another city: one piece was rained upon, and the piece whereupon it rained not withered.
Matthew 5:45 That ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust.

dew:

Job 29:19 My root [was] spread out by the waters, and the dew lay all night upon my branch.
Genesis 27:28 Therefore God give thee of the dew of heaven, and the fatness of the earth, and plenty of corn and wine:
Genesis 27:39 And Isaac his father answered and said unto him, Behold, thy dwelling shall be the fatness of the earth, and of the dew of heaven from above;
Deuteronomy 33:13 And of Joseph he said, Blessed of the LORD [be] his land, for the precious things of heaven, for the dew, and for the deep that coucheth beneath,
Deuteronomy 33:28 Israel then shall dwell in safety alone: the fountain of Jacob [shall be] upon a land of corn and wine; also his heavens shall drop down dew.
2 Samuel 1:21 Ye mountains of Gilboa, [let there be] no dew, neither [let there be] rain, upon you, nor fields of offerings: for there the shield of the mighty is vilely cast away, the shield of Saul, [as though he had] not [been] anointed with oil.
1 Kings 17:1 And Elijah the Tishbite, [who was] of the inhabitants of Gilead, said unto Ahab, [As] the LORD God of Israel liveth, before whom I stand, there shall not be dew nor rain these years, but according to my word.
Proverbs 3:20 By his knowledge the depths are broken up, and the clouds drop down the dew.
Hosea 14:5 I will be as the dew unto Israel: he shall grow as the lily, and cast forth his roots as Lebanon.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 27:28, 39. Dt 33:13, 28. 1S 12:17. 2S 1:21. 1K 17:1. Jb 5:9; 29:19; 38:8. Ps 65:9. Pv 3:20. Jr 5:24; 10:13; 14:22. Ho 14:5. Jol 2:23. Am 4:7. Mt 5:45.

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