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Job 38:24 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— By what way is the light parted, Or the east wind scattered upon the earth?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— By what way is the light parted, [which] scattereth the east wind upon the earth?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Where is the way that the light is divided, [Or] the east wind scattered on the earth?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— By what way is the light parted, [which] scattereth the east wind upon the earth?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— By what way is the light parted, [and] the east wind scattered upon the earth?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Where then is the way the lightning is parted? The east wind spreadeth itself abroad over the earth.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Where [is] this, the way light is apportioned? It scattereth an east wind over the earth.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— By what way is the light spread, and heat divided upon the earth?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— By what way is the light parted? [which] scattereth the East wind vpon the earth.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And whence proceeds the frost? or [whence] is the south wind dispersed over the [whole world] under heaven?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— By what way is the light parted, [which] scattereth the east wind upon the earth?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
By what 335
{0335} Prime
אֵי
'ay
{ah'ee}
Perhaps from H0370; where? hence how?.
x2088
(2088) Complement
זֶה
zeh
{zeh}
A primitive word; the masculine demonstrative pronoun, this or that.
way 1870
{1870} Prime
דֶּרֶךְ
derek
{deh'-rek}
From H1869; a road (as trodden); figuratively a course of life or mode of action, often adverbially.
is the light 216
{0216} Prime
אוֹר
'owr
{ore}
From H0215; illumination or (concretely) luminary (in every sense, including lightning, happiness, etc.).
parted, 2505
{2505} Prime
חָלַק
chalaq
{khaw-lak'}
A primitive root; to be smooth (figuratively); by implication (as smooth stones were used for lots) to apportion or separate.
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
[which] scattereth 6327
{6327} Prime
פּוּץ
puwts
{poots}
A primitive root; to dash in pieces, literally or figuratively (especially to disperse).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
the east wind 6921
{6921} Prime
קָדִים
qadiym
{kaw-deem'}
From H6923; the fore or front part; hence (by orientation) the East (often adverbially eastward, for brevity the East wind).
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the earth? 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Job 38:19-38.


Job 38:24

_ _ is ... parted — parts, so as to diffuse itself over the whole earth, though seeming to come from one point. Light travels from the sun to the earth, ninety millions of miles, in eight minutes.

_ _ which scattereth — rather, “And by what way the east wind (personified) spreads (scattereth) itself.” The light and east wind are associated together, as both come from one quarter, and often arise together (Jonah 4:8).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 38:12-24.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 38:24

Distributed — In the air, and upon the face of the earth. This is variously distributed in the world, shining in one place and time, when it doth not shine in another, or for a longer time, or with greater brightness and power than it doth in another. All which are the effects of God's infinite wisdom and power, and such as were out of Job's reach to understand. Which — Which light scattereth, raises the east — wind, and causes it to blow hither and thither upon the earth? For as the sun is called by the poets, the father of the winds, because he draws up those exhalations which give matter to the winds, so in particular the east — wind is often observed to rise together with the sun.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Job 38:12-13 Hast thou commanded the morning since thy days; [and] caused the dayspring to know his place; ... That it might take hold of the ends of the earth, that the wicked might be shaken out of it?
Jonah 4:8 And it came to pass, when the sun did arise, that God prepared a vehement east wind; and the sun beat upon the head of Jonah, that he fainted, and wished in himself to die, and said, [It is] better for me to die than to live.
Matthew 24:27 For as the lightning cometh out of the east, and shineth even unto the west; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.
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Jb 38:12. Jna 4:8. Mt 24:27.

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