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Job 38:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Where is the way to the dwelling of light? And as for darkness, where is the place thereof,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Where [is] the way [where] light dwelleth? and [as for] darkness, where [is] the place thereof,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Where is the way to the dwelling of light? And darkness, where is its place,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Where [is] the way [where] light dwelleth? and [as for] darkness, where [is] its place,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Where is the way to where light dwelleth? and the darkness, where is its place,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Where then is the way, the light shall abide? And, the darkness, where then is its place?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Where [is] this—the way light dwelleth? And darkness, where [is] this—its place?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Where is the way where light dwelleth, and where is the place of darkness?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Where is the way [where] light dwelleth? And as for darknesse, where [is] the place thereof?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And in what kind of a land does the light dwell? and of what kind is the place of darkness?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Where [is] the way [where] light dwelleth? and [as for] darkness, where [is] the place thereof,

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Where x335
(0335) Complement
אֵי
'ay
{ah'ee}
Perhaps from H0370; where? hence how?.
x2088
(2088) Complement
זֶה
zeh
{zeh}
A primitive word; the masculine demonstrative pronoun, this or that.
[is] the way 1870
{1870} Prime
דֶּרֶךְ
derek
{deh'-rek}
From H1869; a road (as trodden); figuratively a course of life or mode of action, often adverbially.
[where] light 216
{0216} Prime
אוֹר
'owr
{ore}
From H0215; illumination or (concretely) luminary (in every sense, including lightning, happiness, etc.).
dwelleth? 7931
{7931} Prime
שָׁכַן
shakan
{shaw-kan'}
A primitive root (apparently akin (by transmutation) to H7901 through the idea of lodging; compare H5531 and H7925); to reside or permanently stay (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and [as for] darkness, 2822
{2822} Prime
חֹשֶׁךְ
choshek
{kho-shek'}
From H2821; the dark; hence (literally) darkness; figuratively misery, destruction, death, ignorance, sorrow, wickedness.
where x335
(0335) Complement
אֵי
'ay
{ah'ee}
Perhaps from H0370; where? hence how?.
x2088
(2088) Complement
זֶה
zeh
{zeh}
A primitive word; the masculine demonstrative pronoun, this or that.
[is] the place 4725
{4725} Prime
מָקוֹם
maqowm
{maw-kome'}
From H6965; properly a standing, that is, a spot; but used widely of a locality (generally or specifically); also (figuratively) of a condition (of body or mind).
thereof,
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 38:19-38

_ _ The marvels in heaven. “What is the way (to the place wherein) light dwelleth?” The origin of light and darkness. In Genesis 1:3-5, Genesis 1:14-18, “light” is created distinct from, and previous to, light-emitting bodies, the luminaries of heaven.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 38:12-24.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 38:19

Dwelleth — Hath its constant and settled abode. Whether goes the sun when it departs from this hemisphere? Where is the tabernacle and the chamber in which he is supposed to rest? And seeing there was a time when there was nothing but gross darkness upon the face of the earth, what way came light into the world? Which was the place where light dwelt at that time, and whence was it fetched? And whence came that orderly constitution and constant succession of light and darkness? Was this thy work? Or wast thou privy to it, or a counsellor, or assistant in it?

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the way:

Job 38:12-13 Hast thou commanded the morning since thy days; [and] caused the dayspring to know his place; ... That it might take hold of the ends of the earth, that the wicked might be shaken out of it?
Genesis 1:3-4 And God said, Let there be light: and there was light. ... And God saw the light, that [it was] good: and God divided the light from the darkness.
Genesis 1:14-18 And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years: ... And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that [it was] good.
Deuteronomy 4:19 And lest thou lift up thine eyes unto heaven, and when thou seest the sun, and the moon, and the stars, [even] all the host of heaven, shouldest be driven to worship them, and serve them, which the LORD thy God hath divided unto all nations under the whole heaven.
Isaiah 45:7 I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil: I the LORD do all these [things].
John 1:9 [That] was the true Light, which lighteth every man that cometh into the world.
John 8:12 Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.

darkness:

Psalms 18:11 He made darkness his secret place; his pavilion round about him [were] dark waters [and] thick clouds of the skies.
Psalms 104:20 Thou makest darkness, and it is night: wherein all the beasts of the forest do creep [forth].
Psalms 105:28 He sent darkness, and made it dark; and they rebelled not against his word.
Jeremiah 13:16 Give glory to the LORD your God, before he cause darkness, and before your feet stumble upon the dark mountains, and, while ye look for light, he turn it into the shadow of death, [and] make [it] gross darkness.
Ezekiel 32:8 All the bright lights of heaven will I make dark over thee, and set darkness upon thy land, saith the Lord GOD.
Amos 4:13 For, lo, he that formeth the mountains, and createth the wind, and declareth unto man what [is] his thought, that maketh the morning darkness, and treadeth upon the high places of the earth, The LORD, The God of hosts, [is] his name.
Matthew 27:45 Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land unto the ninth hour.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 1:3, 14. Dt 4:19. Jb 38:12. Ps 18:11; 104:20; 105:28. Is 45:7. Jr 13:16. Ezk 32:8. Am 4:13. Mt 27:45. Jn 1:9; 8:12.

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