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Job 37:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [Touching] the Almighty, we cannot find him out: He is excellent in power; And in justice and plenteous righteousness he will not afflict.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [Touching] the Almighty, we cannot find him out: [he is] excellent in power, and in judgment, and in plenty of justice: he will not afflict.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “The Almighty—we cannot find Him; He is exalted in power And He will not do violence to justice and abundant righteousness.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [Touching] the Almighty, we cannot find him out: [he is] excellent in power, and in judgment, and in abundance of justice: he will not afflict.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The Almighty, we cannot find him out: excellent in power, and in judgment, and in abundance of justice, he doth not afflict.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The Almighty, whom we have not fully found out, is great in vigour,—Neither, justice nor abounding righteousness, will he weaken.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The Mighty! we have not found Him out, High in power and judgment, He doth not answer! And abundant in righteousness,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— We cannot find him worthily: he is great in strength, and in judgment, and in justice, and he is ineffable.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Touching the Almighty, we cannot find him out: he [is] excellent in power, and in iudgement, and in plenty of iustice: he will not afflict.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— and we do not find another his equal in strength: [as for] him that judges justly, dost thou not think that he listens?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [Touching] Shadday, we cannot find him out: [he is] excellent in power, and in judgment, and in plenty of justice: he will not afflict.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[Touching] Šadday שַׁדַּי, 7706
{7706} Prime
שַׁדַּי
Shadday
{shad-dah'-ee}
From H7703; the Almighty.
we cannot x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
find him out: 4672
{4672} Prime
מָצָא
matsa'
{maw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; properly to come forth to, that is, appear or exist; transitively to attain, that is, find or acquire; figuratively to occur, meet or be present.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
[he is] excellent 7689
{7689} Prime
שַׂגִּיא
saggiy'
{sag-ghee'}
From H7679; (superlatively) mighty.
in power, 3581
{3581} Prime
כֹּחַ
koach
{ko'-akh}
From an unused root meaning to be firm; vigor, literally (force, in a good or a bad sense) or figuratively (capacity, means, produce); also (from its hardiness) a large lizard.
and in judgment, 4941
{4941} Prime
מִשְׁפָּט
mishpat
{mish-pawt'}
From H8199; properly a verdict (favorable or unfavorable) pronounced judicially, especially a sentence or formal decree (human or (particularly) divine law, individual or collectively), including the act, the place, the suit, the crime, and the penalty; abstractly justice, including a particular right, or privilege (statutory or customary), or even a style.
and in plenty 7230
{7230} Prime
רֹב
rob
{robe}
From H7231; abundance (in any respect).
of justice: 6666
{6666} Prime
צְדָקָה
ts@daqah
{tsed-aw-kaw'}
From H6663; rightness (abstractly), subjectively (rectitude), objectively (justice), morally (virtue) or figuratively (prosperity).
he will not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
afflict. 6031
{6031} Prime
עָנָה
`anah
{aw-naw'}
A primitive root (possibly rather identical with H6030 through the idea of looking down or browbeating); to depress literally or figuratively, transitively or intransitively (in various applications). (sing is by mistake for H6030.).
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 37:23

_ _ afflict — oppressively, so as to “pervert judgment” as Job implied (see on Job 8:3); but see on Job 37:21, end of note. The reading, “He answereth not,” that is, gives no account of His dealings, is like a transcriber’s correction, from Job 33:13, Margin.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 37:21-24.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 37:23

Find — We cannot comprehend him: his power, wisdom, justice, and his counsels proceeding from them are past our finding out. Power — Therefore as he doth not need any unrighteous action to advance himself, so he cannot do it, because all such things are acts of weakness. Judgment — In the just administration of judgment, he never did, nor can exercise that power unjustly, as Job seemed to insinuate. Afflict — Without just cause.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 37:23

[Touching] the Almighty, we cannot find him out: [he is] excellent in power, and in judgment, and in plenty of justice: he will not (u) afflict.

(u) Meaning, without cause.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
we:

Job 37:19 Teach us what we shall say unto him; [for] we cannot order [our speech] by reason of darkness.
Job 11:7 Canst thou by searching find out God? canst thou find out the Almighty unto perfection?
Job 26:14 Lo, these [are] parts of his ways: but how little a portion is heard of him? but the thunder of his power who can understand?
Job 36:26 Behold, God [is] great, and we know [him] not, neither can the number of his years be searched out.
Proverbs 30:3-4 I neither learned wisdom, nor have the knowledge of the holy. ... Who hath ascended up into heaven, or descended? who hath gathered the wind in his fists? who hath bound the waters in a garment? who hath established all the ends of the earth? what [is] his name, and what [is] his son's name, if thou canst tell?
Ecclesiastes 3:11 He hath made every [thing] beautiful in his time: also he hath set the world in their heart, so that no man can find out the work that God maketh from the beginning to the end.
Luke 10:22 All things are delivered to me of my Father: and no man knoweth who the Son is, but the Father; and who the Father is, but the Son, and [he] to whom the Son will reveal [him].
Romans 11:33 O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable [are] his judgments, and his ways past finding out!
1 Timothy 6:16 Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom [be] honour and power everlasting. Amen.

excellent:

Job 9:4 [He is] wise in heart, and mighty in strength: who hath hardened [himself] against him, and hath prospered?
Job 9:19 If [I speak] of strength, lo, [he is] strong: and if of judgment, who shall set me a time [to plead]?
Job 12:13 With him [is] wisdom and strength, he hath counsel and understanding.
Job 36:5 Behold, God [is] mighty, and despiseth not [any: he is] mighty in strength [and] wisdom.
Psalms 62:11 God hath spoken once; twice have I heard this; that power [belongeth] unto God.
Psalms 65:6 Which by his strength setteth fast the mountains; [being] girded with power:
Psalms 66:3 Say unto God, How terrible [art thou in] thy works! through the greatness of thy power shall thine enemies submit themselves unto thee.
Psalms 93:1 The LORD reigneth, he is clothed with majesty; the LORD is clothed with strength, [wherewith] he hath girded himself: the world also is stablished, that it cannot be moved.
Psalms 99:4 The king's strength also loveth judgment; thou dost establish equity, thou executest judgment and righteousness in Jacob.
Psalms 146:6-7 Which made heaven, and earth, the sea, and all that therein [is]: which keepeth truth for ever: ... Which executeth judgment for the oppressed: which giveth food to the hungry. The LORD looseth the prisoners:
Isaiah 45:21 Tell ye, and bring [them] near; yea, let them take counsel together: who hath declared this from ancient time? [who] hath told it from that time? [have] not I the LORD? and [there is] no God else beside me; a just God and a Saviour; [there is] none beside me.
Matthew 6:13 And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen.

in judgment:

Psalms 36:5-7 Thy mercy, O LORD, [is] in the heavens; [and] thy faithfulness [reacheth] unto the clouds. ... How excellent [is] thy lovingkindness, O God! therefore the children of men put their trust under the shadow of thy wings.

he will:

Job 16:7-17 But now he hath made me weary: thou hast made desolate all my company. ... Not for [any] injustice in mine hands: also my prayer [is] pure.
Psalms 30:5 For his anger [endureth but] a moment; in his favour [is] life: weeping may endure for a night, but joy [cometh] in the morning.
Lamentations 3:32-33 But though he cause grief, yet will he have compassion according to the multitude of his mercies. ... For he doth not afflict willingly nor grieve the children of men.
Hebrews 12:10 For they verily for a few days chastened [us] after their own pleasure; but he for [our] profit, that [we] might be partakers of his holiness.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 9:4, 19; 11:7; 12:13; 16:7; 26:14; 36:5, 26; 37:19. Ps 30:5; 36:5; 62:11; 65:6; 66:3; 93:1; 99:4; 146:6. Pv 30:3. Ec 3:11. Is 45:21. Lm 3:32. Mt 6:13. Lk 10:22. Ro 11:33. 1Ti 6:16. He 12:10.

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