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Job 36:30 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Behold, he spreadeth his light around him; And he covereth the bottom of the sea.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Behold, he spreadeth his light upon it, and covereth the bottom of the sea.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Behold, He spreads His lightning about Him, And He covers the depths of the sea.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Behold, he spreadeth his light upon it, and covereth the bottom of the sea.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Lo, he spreadeth his light around him, and covereth the bottom of the sea.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Lo! he hath spread out over it, his lightning, The bed of the sea, hath he covered.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Lo, He hath spread over it His light, And the roots of the sea He hath covered,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And lighten with his light from above, he shall cover also the ends of the sea.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Behold, he spreadeth his light vpon it, and couereth the bottome of the sea.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— behold he will stretch his bow against him, and he covers the bottom of the sea.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Behold, he spreadeth his light upon it, and covereth the bottom of the sea.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Behold, x2005
(2005) Complement
A primitive particle; lo! also (as expressing surprise) if.
he spreadeth 6566
{6566} Prime
A primitive root; to break apart, disperse, etc.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
his light 216
{0216} Prime
From H0215; illumination or (concretely) luminary (in every sense, including lightning, happiness, etc.).
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
it, and covereth 3680
{3680} Prime
A primitive root; properly to plump, that is, fill up hollows; by implication to cover (for clothing or secrecy).
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
the bottom 8328
{8328} Prime
From H8327; a root (literally or figuratively).
of the sea. 3220
{3220} Prime
From an unused root meaning to roar; a sea (as breaking in noisy surf) or large body of water; specifically (with the article) the Mediterranean; sometimes a large river, or an artificial basin; locally, the west, or (rarely) the south.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 36:30

_ _ light — lightning.

_ _ it — His tabernacle (Job 36:29). The light, in an instant spread over the vast mass of dark clouds, forms a striking picture.

_ _ spread — is repeated from Job 36:29 to form an antithesis. “He spreads not only clouds, but light.

_ _ covereth the bottomroots.

_ _ of the sea — namely, with the light. In the storm the depths of ocean are laid bare; and the light “covers” them, at the same moment that it “spreads” across the dark sky. So in Psalms 18:14, Psalms 18:15, the discovering of “the channels of waters” follows the “lightnings.” Umbreit translates: “He spreadeth His light upon Himself, and covereth Himself with the roots of the sea” (Psalms 104:2). God’s garment is woven of celestial light and of the watery depths, raised to the sky to form His cloudy canopy. The phrase, “cover Himself with the roots of the sea,” is harsh; but the image is grand.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 36:24-33.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 36:30

Light — The lightning; fitly God's light, because God only can light it. It — Upon the cloud, which is in a manner the candlestick in which God sets up this light. The sea — The lightning spreads far and wide over all the parts of the sea, and pierceth deep, reaching even to the bottom of it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 36:30

Behold, he spreadeth his light upon (u) it, and covereth the (x) bottom of the sea.

(u) Upon the cloud.

(x) That men cannot come to the knowledge of the springs of it.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Job 38:25 Who hath divided a watercourse for the overflowing of waters, or a way for the lightning of thunder;
Job 38:34-35 Canst thou lift up thy voice to the clouds, that abundance of waters may cover thee? ... Canst thou send lightnings, that they may go, and say unto thee, Here we [are]?
Luke 17:24 For as the lightning, that lighteneth out of the one [part] under heaven, shineth unto the other [part] under heaven; so shall also the Son of man be in his day.


Job 38:8-11 Or [who] shut up the sea with doors, when it brake forth, [as if] it had issued out of the womb? ... And said, Hitherto shalt thou come, but no further: and here shall thy proud waves be stayed?
Genesis 1:9 And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry [land] appear: and it was so.
Exodus 14:22 And the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea upon the dry [ground]: and the waters [were] a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left.
Exodus 14:28 And the waters returned, and covered the chariots, and the horsemen, [and] all the host of Pharaoh that came into the sea after them; there remained not so much as one of them.
Exodus 15:4-5 Pharaoh's chariots and his host hath he cast into the sea: his chosen captains also are drowned in the Red sea. ... The depths have covered them: they sank into the bottom as a stone.
Psalms 18:11-16 He made darkness his secret place; his pavilion round about him [were] dark waters [and] thick clouds of the skies. ... He sent from above, he took me, he drew me out of many waters.
Psalms 104:5-9 [Who] laid the foundations of the earth, [that] it should not be removed for ever. ... Thou hast set a bound that they may not pass over; that they turn not again to cover the earth.

Heb. roots
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Gn 1:9. Ex 14:22, 28; 15:4. Jb 38:8, 25, 34. Ps 18:11; 104:5. Lk 17:24.

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