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Job 36:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Desire not the night, When peoples are cut off in their place.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Desire not the night, when people are cut off in their place.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Do not long for the night, When people vanish in their place.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Desire not the night, when people are cut off in their place.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Desire not the night, when peoples are cut off from their place.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Do not pant for the night, when peoples disappear from their place.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Desire not the night, For the going up of peoples in their stead.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Prolong not the night that people may come up for them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Desire not the night, when people are cut off in their place.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And draw not forth all the mighty [men] by night, so that the people should go up instead of them.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Desire not the night, when people are cut off in their place.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Desire 7602
{7602} Prime
A primitive root; to inhale eagerly; figuratively to covet; by implication to be angry; also to hasten.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
not x408
(0408) Complement
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
the night, 3915
{3915} Prime
From the same as H3883; properly a twist (away of the light), that is, night; figuratively adversity.
when people 5971
{5971} Prime
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
are cut off 5927
{5927} Prime
A primitive root; to ascend, intransitively (be high) or active (mount); used in a great variety of senses, primary and secondary, literally and figuratively.
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
in their place. x8478
(8478) Complement
From the same as H8430; the bottom (as depressed); only adverbially below (often with prepositional prefix underneath), in lieu of, etc.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 36:20

_ _ Desire — pant for. Job had wished for death (Job 3:3-9, etc.).

_ _ night — (John 9:4).

_ _ when — rather, “whereby.”

_ _ cut off — literally, “ascend,” as the corn cut and lifted upon the wagon or stack (Job 36:26); so “cut off,” “disappear.”

_ _ in their place — literally, “under themselves”; so, without moving from their place, on the spot, suddenly (Job 40:12) [Maurer]. Umbreit’s translation: “To ascend (which is really, as thou wilt find to thy cost, to descend) to the people below” (literally, “under themselves”), answers better to the parallelism and the Hebrew. Thou pantest for death as desirable, but it is a “night” or region of darkness; thy fancied ascent (amelioration) will prove a descent (deterioration) (Job 10:22); therefore desire it not.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 36:15-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 36:20

The night — The night of death, which Job had often desired, for then, thou art irrecoverably gone: take heed of thy foolish and often repeated desire of death, lest God inflict it upon thee in anger.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 36:20

(o) Desire not the night, when people are cut off in their place.

(o) Do not be curious in seeking the cause of God's judgments, when he destroys any.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Job 3:20-21 Wherefore is light given to him that is in misery, and life unto the bitter [in] soul; ... Which long for death, but it [cometh] not; and dig for it more than for hid treasures;
Job 6:9 Even that it would please God to destroy me; that he would let loose his hand, and cut me off!
Job 7:15 So that my soul chooseth strangling, [and] death rather than my life.
Job 14:13 O that thou wouldest hide me in the grave, that thou wouldest keep me secret, until thy wrath be past, that thou wouldest appoint me a set time, and remember me!
Job 17:13-14 If I wait, the grave [is] mine house: I have made my bed in the darkness. ... I have said to corruption, Thou [art] my father: to the worm, [Thou art] my mother, and my sister.


Exodus 12:29 And it came to pass, that at midnight the LORD smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that [was] in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle.
2 Kings 19:35 And it came to pass that night, that the angel of the LORD went out, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians an hundred fourscore and five thousand: and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they [were] all dead corpses.
Proverbs 14:32 The wicked is driven away in his wickedness: but the righteous hath hope in his death.
Ecclesiastes 11:3 If the clouds be full of rain, they empty [themselves] upon the earth: and if the tree fall toward the south, or toward the north, in the place where the tree falleth, there it shall be.
Daniel 5:30 In that night was Belshazzar the king of the Chaldeans slain.
Luke 12:20 But God said unto him, [Thou] fool, this night thy soul shall be required of thee: then whose shall those things be, which thou hast provided?
Acts 1:25 That he may take part of this ministry and apostleship, from which Judas by transgression fell, that he might go to his own place.
1 Thessalonians 5:2-3 For yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so cometh as a thief in the night. ... For when they shall say, Peace and safety; then sudden destruction cometh upon them, as travail upon a woman with child; and they shall not escape.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 12:29. 2K 19:35. Jb 3:20; 6:9; 7:15; 14:13; 17:13. Pv 14:32. Ec 11:3. Dn 5:30. Lk 12:20. Ac 1:25. 1Th 5:2.

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