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Job 35:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— How much less when thou sayest thou beholdest him not, The cause is before him, and thou waitest for him!
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Although thou sayest thou shalt not see him, [yet] judgment [is] before him; therefore trust thou in him.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “How much less when you say you do not behold Him, The case is before Him, and you must wait for Him!
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Although thou sayest thou shalt not see him, [yet] judgment [is] before him; therefore trust thou in him.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Although thou sayest thou dost not see him, judgment is before him, therefore wait for him.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— How much less when thou sayest thou wilt not regard him! The cause, is before him, and thou must wait for him.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Yea, though thou sayest thou dost not behold Him, Judgment [is] before Him, and stay for Him.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Yea, when thou shalt say: He considereth not: be judged before him, and expect him.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Although thou sayest thou shalt not see him, yet iudgement [is] before him, therefore trust thou in him.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— He beholds them that perform lawless deeds, and he will save me: and do thou plead before him, if thou canst praise him, as it is [possible] even now.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Although thou sayest thou shalt not see him, [yet] judgment [is] before him; therefore trust thou in him.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Although 637
{0637} Prime
A primitive particle; meaning accession (used as an adverb or conjugation); also or yea; adversatively though.
(3588) Complement
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
thou sayest 559
{0559} Prime
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
thou shalt not x3808
(3808) Complement
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
see 7789
{7789} Prime
A primitive root (rather identical with H7788 through the idea of going round for inspection); to spy out, that is, (generally) survey, (for evil) lurk for, (for good) care for.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
him, [yet] judgment 1779
{1779} Prime
From H1777; judgment (the suit, justice, sentence or tribunal); by implication also strife.
[is] before 6440
{6440} Prime
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
him; therefore trust 2342
{2342} Prime
A primitive root; properly to twist or whirl (in a circular or spiral manner), that is, (specifically) to dance, to writhe in pain (especially of parturition) or fear; figuratively to wait, to pervert.
<8787> Grammar
Stem - Polel (See H8847)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 72
thou in him.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 35:14

_ _ Although thou sayest thou shalt not see him — (as a temporal deliverer; for he did look for a Redeemer after death, Job 19:25-27; which passage cannot consistently with Elihu’s assertion here be interpreted of “seeing” a temporal “redeemer”), Job 7:7; Job 9:11; Job 23:3, Job 23:8, Job 23:9; yet, judgment ... ; therefore trust ... But the Hebrew favors Maurer, “How much less (will God ... regard, Job 35:13), since thou sayest, that He does not regard thee.” So in Job 4:19. Thus Elihu alludes to Job’s words (Job 19:7; Job 30:20).

_ _ judgment — that is, thy cause, thy right; as in Psalms 9:16; Proverbs 31:5, Proverbs 31:8.

_ _ trust — rather, “wait thou” on Him, patiently, until He take up thy cause (Psalms 37:7).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Job 35:14-16

_ _ Here is, I. Another improper word for which Elihu reproves Job (Job 35:14): Thou sayest thou shalt not see him; that is, 1. “Thou complainest that thou dost not understand the meaning of his severe dealings with thee, nor discern the drift and design of them,” Job 23:8, Job 23:9. And, 2. “Thou despairest of seeing his gracious returns to thee, of seeing better days again, and art ready to give up all for gone;” as Hezekiah (Isaiah 38:11), I shall not see the Lord. As, when we are in prosperity, we are ready to think our mountain will never be brought low, so when we are in adversity we are ready to think our valley will never be filled, but, in both, to conclude that to morrow must be as this day, which is as absurd as to think, when the weather is either fair or foul, that is will be always so, that the flowing tide will always flow, or the ebbing tide will always ebb.

_ _ II. The answer which Elihu gives to this despairing word that Job had said, which is this, 1. That, when he looked up to God, he had no just reason to speak thus despairingly: Judgment is before him, that is, “He knows what he has to do, and will do all in infinite wisdom and justice; he has the entire plan and model of providence before him, and knows what he will do, which we do not, and therefore we understand not what he does. There is a day of judgment before him, when all the seeming disorders of providence will be set to rights and the dark chapters of it will be expounded. Then thou shalt see the full meaning of these dark events, and the final period of these dismal events; then thou shalt see his face with joy; therefore trust in him, depend upon him, wait for him, and believe that the issue will be good at last.” When we consider that God is infinitely wise, and righteous, and faithful, and that he is a God of judgment (Isaiah 30:18), we shall see no reason to despair of relief from him, but all the reason in the world to hope in him, that it will come in due time, in the best time. 2. That if he had not yet seen an end of his troubles, the reason was because he did not thus trust in God and wait for him (Job 35:15): “Because it is not so, because thou dost not thus trust in him, therefore the affliction which came at first from love has now displeasure mixed with it. Now God has visited thee in his anger, taking it very ill that thou canst not find in thy heart to trust him, but harbourest such hard misgiving thoughts of him.” If there be any mixtures of divine wrath in our afflictions, we may thank ourselves; it is because we do not behave aright under them; we quarrel with God, and are fretful and impatient, and distrustful of the divine Providence. This was Job's case. The foolishness of man perverts his way, and then his heart frets against the Lord, Proverbs 19:3. Yet Elihu thinks that Job, being in great extremity, did not know and consider this as he should, that it was his own fault that he was not yet delivered. He concludes therefore that Job opens his mouth in vain (Job 35:16) in complaining of his grievances and crying for redress, or in justifying himself and clearing up his own innocency; it is all in vain, because he does not trust in God and wait for him, and has not a due regard to him in his afflictions. He had said a great deal, had multiplied words, but all without knowledge, all to no purpose, because he did not encourage himself in God and humble himself before him. It is in vain for us either to appeal to God or to acquit ourselves if we do not study to answer the end for which affliction is sent, and in vain to pray for relief if we do not trust in God; for let not that man who distrusts God think that he shall receive any thing from him, James 1:7. Or this may refer to all that Job had said. Having shown the absurdity of some passages in his discourse, he concludes that there were many other passages which were in like manner the fruits of his ignorance and mistake. He did not, as his other friends, condemn him for a hypocrite, but charged him only with Moses's sin, speaking unadvisedly with his lips when his spirit was provoked. When at any time we do so (and who is there that offends not in word?) it is a mercy to be told of it, and we must take it patiently and kindly as Job did, not repeating, but recanting, what we have said amiss.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 35:14

See him — Thou canst not understand his dealings with thee. Here Elihu answers another objection of Job's: and tells him that though God may for a season delay to answer, yet he will certainly do him right. Judgment — Justice is at his tribunal, and in all his ways and administrations. Trust — Instead of murmuring, repent of what is past, humble thyself under God's hand, wait patiently in his way, 'till deliverance come; for it will certainly come if thou dost not hinder it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 35:14

Although thou sayest thou shalt not see him, (g) [yet] judgment [is] before him; therefore trust thou in him.

(g) God is just, however you judge him.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
thou sayest:

Job 9:11 Lo, he goeth by me, and I see [him] not: he passeth on also, but I perceive him not.
Job 23:3 Oh that I knew where I might find him! [that] I might come [even] to his seat!
Job 23:8-10 Behold, I go forward, but he [is] not [there]; and backward, but I cannot perceive him: ... But he knoweth the way that I take: [when] he hath tried me, I shall come forth as gold.


Job 9:19 If [I speak] of strength, lo, [he is] strong: and if of judgment, who shall set me a time [to plead]?
Job 19:7 Behold, I cry out of wrong, but I am not heard: I cry aloud, but [there is] no judgment.
Psalms 77:5-10 I have considered the days of old, the years of ancient times. ... And I said, This [is] my infirmity: [but I will remember] the years of the right hand of the most High.
Psalms 97:2 Clouds and darkness [are] round about him: righteousness and judgment [are] the habitation of his throne.
Isaiah 30:18 And therefore will the LORD wait, that he may be gracious unto you, and therefore will he be exalted, that he may have mercy upon you: for the LORD [is] a God of judgment: blessed [are] all they that wait for him.
Isaiah 54:17 No weapon that is formed against thee shall prosper; and every tongue [that] shall rise against thee in judgment thou shalt condemn. This [is] the heritage of the servants of the LORD, and their righteousness [is] of me, saith the LORD.
Micah 7:7-9 Therefore I will look unto the LORD; I will wait for the God of my salvation: my God will hear me. ... I will bear the indignation of the LORD, because I have sinned against him, until he plead my cause, and execute judgment for me: he will bring me forth to the light, [and] I shall behold his righteousness.


Psalms 27:12-14 Deliver me not over unto the will of mine enemies: for false witnesses are risen up against me, and such as breathe out cruelty. ... Wait on the LORD: be of good courage, and he shall strengthen thine heart: wait, I say, on the LORD.
Psalms 37:5-6 Commit thy way unto the LORD; trust also in him; and he shall bring [it] to pass. ... And he shall bring forth thy righteousness as the light, and thy judgment as the noonday.
Psalms 62:5 My soul, wait thou only upon God; for my expectation [is] from him.
Psalms 62:8 Trust in him at all times; [ye] people, pour out your heart before him: God [is] a refuge for us. Selah.
Isaiah 50:10 Who [is] among you that feareth the LORD, that obeyeth the voice of his servant, that walketh [in] darkness, and hath no light? let him trust in the name of the LORD, and stay upon his God.
Romans 8:33-34 Who shall lay any thing to the charge of God's elect? [It is] God that justifieth. ... Who [is] he that condemneth? [It is] Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us.
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Jb 9:11, 19; 19:7; 23:3, 8. Ps 27:12; 37:5; 62:5, 8; 77:5; 97:2. Is 30:18; 50:10; 54:17. Mi 7:7. Ro 8:33.

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