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Job 34:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— In a moment they die, even at midnight; The people are shaken and pass away, And the mighty are taken away without hand.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— In a moment shall they die, and the people shall be troubled at midnight, and pass away: and the mighty shall be taken away without hand.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “In a moment they die, and at midnight People are shaken and pass away, And the mighty are taken away without a hand.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— In a moment they shall die, and the people shall be troubled at midnight, and pass away: and the mighty shall be taken away without hand.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— In a moment they die, even at midnight the people are convulsed and pass away; and the strong are taken away without hand.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— In a moment, they die, even in the middle of the night,—A people are convulsed when they pass away, A mighty one is removed, without hand;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— [In] a moment they die, and at midnight Shake do people, and they pass away, And they remove the mighty without hand.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— They shall suddenly die, and the people shall be troubled at midnight, and they shall pass, and take away the violent without hand.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— In a moment shall they die, and the people shalbe troubled at midnight, and passe away: and the mighty shall be taken away without hand.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— But it shall turn out vanity to them, to cry and beseech a man; for they dealt unlawfully, the poor being turned aside [from their right].
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— In a moment shall they die, and the people shall be troubled at midnight, and pass away: and the mighty shall be taken away without hand.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
In a moment 7281
{7281} Prime
רֶגַע
rega`
{reh'-gah}
From H7280; a wink (of the eyes), that is, a very short space of time.
shall they die, 4191
{4191} Prime
מָמוֹת
muwth
{mooth}
A primitive root; to die (literally or figuratively); causatively to kill.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and the people 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
shall be troubled 1607
{1607} Prime
גָּעַשׁ
ga`ash
{gaw-ash'}
A primitive root to agitate violently.
z8792
<8792> Grammar
Stem - Pual (See H8849)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 93
at midnight, 2676
{2676} Prime
חֲצוֹת
chatsowth
{khaw-tsoth'}
From H2673; the middle (of the night).
3915
{3915} Prime
לַיִל
layil
{lah'-yil}
From the same as H3883; properly a twist (away of the light), that is, night; figuratively adversity.
and pass away: 5674
{5674} Prime
עָבַר
`abar
{aw-bar'}
A primitive root; to cross over; used very widely of any transition (literally or figuratively; transitively, intransitively, intensively or causatively); specifically to cover (in copulation).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and the mighty 47
{0047} Prime
אַבִּיר
'abbiyr
{ab-beer'}
For H0046.
shall be taken away 5493
{5493} Prime
סוּר
cuwr
{soor}
A primitive root; to turn off (literally or figuratively).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
without x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
hand. 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 34:20

_ _ they — “the rich” and “princes” who offend God.

_ _ the people — namely, of the guilty princes: guilty also themselves.

_ _ at midnight — image from a night attack of an enemy on a camp, which becomes an easy prey (Exodus 12:29, Exodus 12:30).

_ _ without hand — without visible agency, by the mere word of God (so Job 20:26; Zechariah 4:6; Daniel 2:34).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 34:16-30.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 34:20

In a moment shall they die, (o) and the people shall be troubled at midnight, (p) and pass away: and the mighty shall be taken away without hand.

(o) When they look not for it.

(p) The messengers of visitation that God will send.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
a moment:

Psalms 73:19 How are they [brought] into desolation, as in a moment! they are utterly consumed with terrors.
Isaiah 30:13 Therefore this iniquity shall be to you as a breach ready to fall, swelling out in a high wall, whose breaking cometh suddenly at an instant.
Isaiah 37:38 And it came to pass, as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his god, that Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons smote him with the sword; and they escaped into the land of Armenia: and Esarhaddon his son reigned in his stead.
Daniel 5:30 In that night was Belshazzar the king of the Chaldeans slain.
Luke 12:20 But God said unto him, [Thou] fool, this night thy soul shall be required of thee: then whose shall those things be, which thou hast provided?
Acts 12:23 And immediately the angel of the Lord smote him, because he gave not God the glory: and he was eaten of worms, and gave up the ghost.
1 Thessalonians 5:2 For yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so cometh as a thief in the night.
2 Peter 2:3 And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not.

troubled:

Exodus 12:29-30 And it came to pass, that at midnight the LORD smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that [was] in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle. ... And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt; for [there was] not a house where [there was] not one dead.
Isaiah 37:36 Then the angel of the LORD went forth, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians a hundred and fourscore and five thousand: and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they [were] all dead corpses.
Matthew 25:6 And at midnight there was a cry made, Behold, the bridegroom cometh; go ye out to meet him.
Luke 17:26-29 And as it was in the days of Noe, so shall it be also in the days of the Son of man. ... But the same day that Lot went out of Sodom it rained fire and brimstone from heaven, and destroyed [them] all.

the mighty shall be taken away:
Heb. they shall take away the mighty

without:

1 Samuel 25:37-39 But it came to pass in the morning, when the wine was gone out of Nabal, and his wife had told him these things, that his heart died within him, and he became [as] a stone. ... And when David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, Blessed [be] the LORD, that hath pleaded the cause of my reproach from the hand of Nabal, and hath kept his servant from evil: for the LORD hath returned the wickedness of Nabal upon his own head. And David sent and communed with Abigail, to take her to him to wife.
1 Samuel 26:10 David said furthermore, [As] the LORD liveth, the LORD shall smite him; or his day shall come to die; or he shall descend into battle, and perish.
Isaiah 10:16-19 Therefore shall the Lord, the Lord of hosts, send among his fat ones leanness; and under his glory he shall kindle a burning like the burning of a fire. ... And the rest of the trees of his forest shall be few, that a child may write them.
Isaiah 30:30-33 And the LORD shall cause his glorious voice to be heard, and shall shew the lighting down of his arm, with the indignation of [his] anger, and [with] the flame of a devouring fire, [with] scattering, and tempest, and hailstones. ... For Tophet [is] ordained of old; yea, for the king it is prepared; he hath made [it] deep [and] large: the pile thereof [is] fire and much wood; the breath of the LORD, like a stream of brimstone, doth kindle it.
Daniel 2:34 Thou sawest till that a stone was cut out without hands, which smote the image upon his feet [that were] of iron and clay, and brake them to pieces.
Daniel 2:44-45 And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed: and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, [but] it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever. ... Forasmuch as thou sawest that the stone was cut out of the mountain without hands, and that it brake in pieces the iron, the brass, the clay, the silver, and the gold; the great God hath made known to the king what shall come to pass hereafter: and the dream [is] certain, and the interpretation thereof sure.
Zechariah 4:6 Then he answered and spake unto me, saying, This [is] the word of the LORD unto Zerubbabel, saying, Not by might, nor by power, but by my spirit, saith the LORD of hosts.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 12:29. 1S 25:37; 26:10. Ps 73:19. Is 10:16; 30:13, 30; 37:36, 38. Dn 2:34, 44; 5:30. Zc 4:6. Mt 25:6. Lk 12:20; 17:26. Ac 12:23. 1Th 5:2. 2P 2:3.

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