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Job 34:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [Him] that saith to a king, [Thou art] vile, [Or] to nobles, [Ye are] wicked;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [Is it fit] to say to a king, [Thou art] wicked? [and] to princes, [Ye are] ungodly?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Who says to a king, ‘Worthless one,’ To nobles, ‘Wicked ones’;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [Is it fit] to say to a king, [Thou art] wicked? [and] to princes, [Ye are] ungodly?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Shall one say to a king, Belial? to nobles, Wicked?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Doth one say to a king, Abandoned one! Or, Lawless one! unto nobles?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Who hath said to a king—'Worthless,' Unto princes—'Wicked?'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Who saith to the king: Thou art an apostate: who calleth rulers ungodly:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Is it [fit] to say to a King, [Thou art] wicked? [and] to Princes, [Ye are] vngodly?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [He is] ungodly that says to a king, Thou art a transgressor, [that says] to princes, O most ungodly one.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [Is it fit] to say to a king, [Thou art] wicked? [and] to princes, [Ye are] ungodly?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[Is it fit] to say 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
to a king, 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
[Thou art] wicked? 1100
{1100} Prime
בְּלִיַּעַל
b@liya`al
{bel-e-yah'-al}
From H1097 and H3276; without profit, worthlessness; by extension destruction, wickedness (often in connection with H0376, H0802, H1121, etc.).
[and] to x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
princes, 5081
{5081} Prime
נָדִיב
nadiyb
{naw-deeb'}
From H5068; properly voluntary, that is, generous; hence, magnanimous; as noun, a grandee (sometimes a tyrant).
[Ye are] ungodly? 7563
{7563} Prime
רָשָׁע
rasha`
{raw-shaw'}
From H7561; morally wrong; concretely an (actively) bad person.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 34:18

_ _ Literally, (Is it fit) to be said to a king? It would be a gross outrage to reproach thus an earthly monarch, much more the King of kings (Exodus 22:28). But Maurer with the Septuagint and Vulgate reads, (It is not fit to accuse of injustice Him) who says to a king, Thou art wicked; to princes, Ye are ungodly; that is, who punishes impartially the great, as the small. This accords with Job 34:19.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 34:16-30.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 34:18

Wicked — Though a king may be wicked, yet his subjects neither may nor dare call him so.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 34:18

[Is it fit] to say to a king, [Thou art] (n) wicked? [and] to princes, [Ye are] ungodly?

(n) If man by nature fears to speak evil of such as have power, then they should be much more afraid to speak evil of God.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Exodus 22:28 Thou shalt not revile the gods, nor curse the ruler of thy people.
Proverbs 17:26 Also to punish the just [is] not good, [nor] to strike princes for equity.
Acts 23:3 Then said Paul unto him, God shall smite thee, [thou] whited wall: for sittest thou to judge me after the law, and commandest me to be smitten contrary to the law?
Acts 23:5 Then said Paul, I wist not, brethren, that he was the high priest: for it is written, Thou shalt not speak evil of the ruler of thy people.
Romans 13:7 Render therefore to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute [is due]; custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honour to whom honour.
1 Peter 2:17 Honour all [men]. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honour the king.
2 Peter 2:10 But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government. Presumptuous [are they], selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities.
Jude 1:8 Likewise also these [filthy] dreamers defile the flesh, despise dominion, and speak evil of dignities.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 22:28. Pv 17:26. Ac 23:3, 5. Ro 13:7. 1P 2:17. 2P 2:10. Jde 1:8.

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