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Job 33:24 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Then [God] is gracious unto him, and saith, Deliver him from going down to the pit, I have found a ransom.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then he is gracious unto him, and saith, Deliver him from going down to the pit: I have found a ransom.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then let him be gracious to him, and say, ‘Deliver him from going down to the pit, I have found a ransom’;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then he is gracious to him, and saith, Deliver him from going down to the pit: I have found a ransom.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Then he will be gracious unto him, and say, Deliver him from going down to the pit: I have found a ransom.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then hath he shewed him favour, and said, Set him free from going down to the pit, I have found a price of redemption!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Then He doth favour him and saith, 'Ransom him from going down to the pit, I have found an atonement.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He shall have mercy on him, and shall say: Deliver him, that he may not go down to corruption: I have found wherein I may be merciful to him.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then hee is gracious vnto him, and sayth, Deliuer him from going downe to the pit; I haue found a ransome.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— he will support him, that he should not perish, and will restore his body as [fresh] plaster upon a wall; and he will fill his bones with morrow.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then he is gracious unto him, and saith, Deliver him from going down to the pit: I have found a ransom.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then he is gracious 2603
{2603} Prime
חָנַן
chanan
{khaw-nan'}
A primitive root (compare H2583); properly to bend or stoop in kindness to an inferior; to favor, bestow; causatively to implore (that is, move to favor by petition).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto him, and saith, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Deliver 6308
{6308} Prime
פּדע
pada`
{paw-dah'}
A primitive root; to retrieve.
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
him from going down 3381
{3381} Prime
יָרַד
yarad
{yaw-rad'}
A primitive root; to descend (literally to go downwards; or conventionally to a lower region, as the shore, a boundary, the enemy, etc.; or figuratively to fall); causatively to bring down (in all the above applications).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
to the pit: 7845
{7845} Prime
שַׁחַת
shachath
{shakh'-ath}
From H7743; a pit (especially as a trap); figuratively destruction.
I have found 4672
{4672} Prime
מָצָא
matsa'
{maw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; properly to come forth to, that is, appear or exist; transitively to attain, that is, find or acquire; figuratively to occur, meet or be present.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
a ransom. 3724
{3724} Prime
כֹּפֶר
kopher
{ko'-fer}
From H3722; properly a cover, that is, (literally) a village (as covered in); (specifically) bitumen (as used for coating), and the henna plant (as used for dyeing); figuratively a redemption price.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 33:24

_ _ Apodosis to Job 33:23.

_ _ he — God.

_ _ Deliver — literally, “redeem”; in it and “ransom” there is reference to the consideration, on account of which God pardons and relieves the sufferers; here it is primarily the intercession of Elihu. But the language is too strong for its full meaning to be exhausted by this. The Holy Ghost has suggested language which receives its full realization only in the “eternal redemption found” by God in the price paid by Jesus Christ for it; that is, His blood and meritorious intercession (Hebrews 9:12). “Obtained,” literally, “found”; implying the earnest zeal, wisdom, and faithfulness of the finder, and the newness and joyousness of the finding. Jesus Christ could not but have found it, but still His seeking it was needed [Bengel], (Luke 15:8). God the Father, is the Finder (Psalms 89:19). Jesus Christ the Redeemer, to whom He saith, Redeem (so Hebrew) him from going, etc. (2 Corinthians 5:19).

_ _ ransom — used in a general sense by Elihu, but meant by the Holy Ghost in its strict sense as applied to Jesus Christ, of a price paid for deliverance (Exodus 21:30), an atonement (that is, means of selling at once, that is, reconciling “two” who are estranged), a covering, as of the ark with pitch, typical of what covers us sinners from wrath (Genesis 6:14; Psalms 32:1). The pit is primarily here the grave (Isaiah 38:17), but the spiritual pit is mainly shadowed forth (Zechariah 9:11).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 33:19-28.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 33:24

He — God. A ransom — Although I might justly destroy him, yet I will spare him, for I have found out a way of ransoming sinners from death, which is the death of my son, the redeemer of the world, and with respect to which I will pardon them that repent and sue for mercy. Observe how God glories in the invention! I have found, I have found a ransom; a ransom for poor, undone sinners! I, even I am he that hath done it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 33:24

Then he is (o) gracious unto him, and saith, (p) Deliver him from going down to the pit: I have found a ransom.

(o) He shows that it is a sure token of God's mercy toward sinners, when he causes his word to be preached to them.

(p) That is, the minister will by the preaching of the word pronounce to him the forgiveness of his sins.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Then:

Job 33:18 He keepeth back his soul from the pit, and his life from perishing by the sword.
Job 22:21 Acquaint now thyself with him, and be at peace: thereby good shall come unto thee.
Exodus 33:19 And he said, I will make all my goodness pass before thee, and I will proclaim the name of the LORD before thee; and will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will shew mercy on whom I will shew mercy.
Exodus 34:6-7 And the LORD passed by before him, and proclaimed, The LORD, The LORD God, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth, ... Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear [the guilty]; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children's children, unto the third and to the fourth [generation].
Psalms 86:5 For thou, Lord, [art] good, and ready to forgive; and plenteous in mercy unto all them that call upon thee.
Psalms 86:15 But thou, O Lord, [art] a God full of compassion, and gracious, longsuffering, and plenteous in mercy and truth.
Hosea 14:2 Take with you words, and turn to the LORD: say unto him, Take away all iniquity, and receive [us] graciously: so will we render the calves of our lips.
Hosea 14:4 I will heal their backsliding, I will love them freely: for mine anger is turned away from him.
Micah 7:18-20 Who [is] a God like unto thee, that pardoneth iniquity, and passeth by the transgression of the remnant of his heritage? he retaineth not his anger for ever, because he delighteth [in] mercy. ... Thou wilt perform the truth to Jacob, [and] the mercy to Abraham, which thou hast sworn unto our fathers from the days of old.
Romans 5:20-21 Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound: ... That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.

Deliver:

Job 36:10-11 He openeth also their ear to discipline, and commandeth that they return from iniquity. ... If they obey and serve [him], they shall spend their days in prosperity, and their years in pleasures.
Psalms 22:4 Our fathers trusted in thee: they trusted, and thou didst deliver them.
Psalms 30:9-12 What profit [is there] in my blood, when I go down to the pit? Shall the dust praise thee? shall it declare thy truth? ... To the end that [my] glory may sing praise to thee, and not be silent. O LORD my God, I will give thanks unto thee for ever.
Psalms 40:2 He brought me up also out of an horrible pit, out of the miry clay, and set my feet upon a rock, [and] established my goings.
Psalms 71:3 Be thou my strong habitation, whereunto I may continually resort: thou hast given commandment to save me; for thou [art] my rock and my fortress.
Psalms 86:13 For great [is] thy mercy toward me: and thou hast delivered my soul from the lowest hell.
Isaiah 38:17-19 Behold, for peace I had great bitterness: but thou hast in love to my soul [delivered it] from the pit of corruption: for thou hast cast all my sins behind thy back. ... The living, the living, he shall praise thee, as I [do] this day: the father to the children shall make known thy truth.
Jeremiah 31:20 [Is] Ephraim my dear son? [is he] a pleasant child? for since I spake against him, I do earnestly remember him still: therefore my bowels are troubled for him; I will surely have mercy upon him, saith the LORD.
Zechariah 9:11 As for thee also, by the blood of thy covenant I have sent forth thy prisoners out of the pit wherein [is] no water.

I:

Job 33:24 Then he is gracious unto him, and saith, Deliver him from going down to the pit: I have found a ransom.
Psalms 49:7-8 None [of them] can by any means redeem his brother, nor give to God a ransom for him: ... (For the redemption of their soul [is] precious, and it ceaseth for ever:)
Matthew 20:28 Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.
Romans 3:24-26 Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus: ... To declare, [I say], at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.
1 Timothy 2:6 Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time.
1 Peter 1:18-19 Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, [as] silver and gold, from your vain conversation [received] by tradition from your fathers; ... But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot:

a ransom:
or, an atonement
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 33:19; 34:6. Jb 22:21; 33:18, 24; 36:10. Ps 22:4; 30:9; 40:2; 49:7; 71:3; 86:5, 13, 15. Is 38:17. Jr 31:20. Ho 14:2, 4. Mi 7:18. Zc 9:11. Mt 20:28. Ro 3:24; 5:20. 1Ti 2:6. 1P 1:18.

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