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Job 33:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— If there be with him an angel, An interpreter, one among a thousand, To show unto man what is right for him;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— If there be a messenger with him, an interpreter, one among a thousand, to shew unto man his uprightness:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “If there is an angel [as] mediator for him, One out of a thousand, To remind a man what is right for him,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— If there is a messenger with him, an interpreter, one among a thousand, to show to man his uprightness:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— If there be a messenger with him, an interpreter, one among a thousand, to shew unto man his duty;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— If there hath been near him a messenger who could interpret—one of a thousand, to declare to the son of earth His uprightness,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— If there is by him a messenger, An interpreter—one of a thousand, To declare for man his uprightness:
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— If there shall be an angel speaking for him, one among thousands, to declare man's uprightness,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— If there be a messenger with him, an interpreter, one among a thousand, to shew vnto man his vprightnesse:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Though there should be a thousand messengers of death, not one of them shall wound him: if he should purpose in his heart to turn to the Lord, and declare to man his fault, and shew his folly;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— If there be a messenger with him, an interpreter, one among a thousand, to shew unto man his uprightness:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
If x518
(0518) Complement
אִם
'im
{eem}
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
there y3426
[3426] Standard
יֵשׁ
yesh
{yaysh}
Perhaps from an unused root meaning to stand out, or exist; entity; used adverbially or as a copula for the substantive verb (H1961); there is or are (or any other form of the verb to be, as may suit the connection).
be x3426
(3426) Complement
יֵשׁ
yesh
{yaysh}
Perhaps from an unused root meaning to stand out, or exist; entity; used adverbially or as a copula for the substantive verb (H1961); there is or are (or any other form of the verb to be, as may suit the connection).
a messenger 4397
{4397} Prime
מַלְאָךְ
mal'ak
{mal-awk'}
From an unused root meaning to despatch as a deputy; a messenger; specifically of God, that is, an angel (also a prophet, priest or teacher).
with x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
him, an interpreter, 3887
{3887} Prime
לוּץ
luwts
{loots}
A primitive root; properly to make mouths at, that is, to scoff; hence (from the effort to pronounce a foreign language) to interpret, or (generally) intercede.
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
one 259
{0259} Prime
אֶחָד
'echad
{ekh-awd'}
A numeral from H0258; properly united, that is, one; or (as an ordinal) first.
among x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
a thousand, 505
{0505} Prime
אֶלֶף
'eleph
{eh'-lef}
Properly the same as H0504; hence (an ox's head being the first letter of the alphabet, and this eventually used as a numeral) a thousand.
to shew 5046
{5046} Prime
נָגַד
nagad
{naw-gad'}
A primitive root; properly to front, that is, stand boldly out opposite; by implication (causatively), to manifest; figuratively to announce (always by word of mouth to one present); specifically to expose, predict, explain, praise.
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
unto man 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
his uprightness: 3476
{3476} Prime
יֹשֶׁר
yosher
{yo'-sher}
From H3474; the right.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 33:23

_ _ Elihu refers to himself as the divinely-sent (Job 32:8; Job 33:6) “messenger,” the “interpreter” to explain to Job and vindicate God’s righteousness; such a one Eliphaz had denied that Job could look for (Job 5:1), and Job (Job 9:33) had wished for such a “daysman” or umpire between him and God. The “messenger” of good is antithetical to the “destroyers” (Job 33:23).

_ _ with him — if there be vouchsafed to the sufferer. The office of the interpreter is stated “to show unto man God’s uprightness” in His dealings; or, as Umbreit, “man’s upright course towards God” (Proverbs 14:2). The former is better; Job maintained his own “uprightness” (Job 16:17; Job 27:5, Job 27:6); Elihu on the contrary maintains God’s, and that man’s true uprightness lies in submission to God. “One among a thousand” is a man rarely to be found. So Jesus Christ (Song of Songs 5:10). Elihu, the God-sent mediator of a temporal deliverance, is a type of the God-man Jesus Christ the Mediator of eternal deliverance: “the messenger of the covenant” (Malachi 3:1). This is the wonderful work of the Holy Ghost, that persons and events move in their own sphere in such a way as unconsciously to shadow forth Him, whose “testimony is the Spirit of prophecy”; as the same point may be center of a small and of a vastly larger concentric circle.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 33:19-28.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 33:23

A messenger — A prophet or teacher. To expound the providence, and point out the design of God therein. One, &c. — A person rightly qualified for this great and hard work, such as there are but very few. To shew — To direct him to the right way how he may please God, and procure that mercy which he thirsts after; which is not by quarrelling with God, but by an humble confession. and supplication for mercy through Christ the redeemer.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 33:23

If there be a (m) messenger with him, an interpreter, one among a thousand, (n) to shew unto man his uprightness:

(m) A man sent from God to declare his will.

(n) A singular man, and as one chosen out of a thousand, who is able to declare the great mercies of God to sinners: and in which man's righteousness stands, which is through the justice of Jesus Christ.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
a messenger:

Judges 2:1 And an angel of the LORD came up from Gilgal to Bochim, and said, I made you to go up out of Egypt, and have brought you unto the land which I sware unto your fathers; and I said, I will never break my covenant with you.
2 Chronicles 36:15-16 And the LORD God of their fathers sent to them by his messengers, rising up betimes, and sending; because he had compassion on his people, and on his dwelling place: ... But they mocked the messengers of God, and despised his words, and misused his prophets, until the wrath of the LORD arose against his people, till [there was] no remedy.
Haggai 1:13 Then spake Haggai the LORD'S messenger in the LORD'S message unto the people, saying, I [am] with you, saith the LORD.
Malachi 2:7 For the priest's lips should keep knowledge, and they should seek the law at his mouth: for he [is] the messenger of the LORD of hosts.
Malachi 3:1 Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the LORD of hosts.
2 Corinthians 5:20 Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech [you] by us: we pray [you] in Christ's stead, be ye reconciled to God.

an interpreter:

Job 34:32 [That which] I see not teach thou me: if I have done iniquity, I will do no more.
Psalms 94:12 Blessed [is] the man whom thou chastenest, O LORD, and teachest him out of thy law;
Isaiah 61:1-3 The Spirit of the Lord GOD [is] upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to [them that are] bound; ... To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the LORD, that he might be glorified.
Acts 8:30 And Philip ran thither to [him], and heard him read the prophet Esaias, and said, Understandest thou what thou readest?
1 Corinthians 11:30-32 For this cause many [are] weak and sickly among you, and many sleep. ... But when we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world.
Hebrews 12:5-12 And ye have forgotten the exhortation which speaketh unto you as unto children, My son, despise not thou the chastening of the Lord, nor faint when thou art rebuked of him: ... Wherefore lift up the hands which hang down, and the feeble knees;

one:

Job 9:3 If he will contend with him, he cannot answer him one of a thousand.
Ecclesiastes 7:28 Which yet my soul seeketh, but I find not: one man among a thousand have I found; but a woman among all those have I not found.
Romans 11:13 For I speak to you Gentiles, inasmuch as I am the apostle of the Gentiles, I magnify mine office:

to:

Job 11:6 And that he would shew thee the secrets of wisdom, that [they are] double to that which is! Know therefore that God exacteth of thee [less] than thine iniquity [deserveth].
Job 34:10 Therefore hearken unto me, ye men of understanding: far be it from God, [that he should do] wickedness; and [from] the Almighty, [that he should commit] iniquity.
Job 34:12 Yea, surely God will not do wickedly, neither will the Almighty pervert judgment.
Job 35:14 Although thou sayest thou shalt not see him, [yet] judgment [is] before him; therefore trust thou in him.
Job 36:3 I will fetch my knowledge from afar, and will ascribe righteousness to my Maker.
Job 36:8-13 And if [they be] bound in fetters, [and] be holden in cords of affliction; ... But the hypocrites in heart heap up wrath: they cry not when he bindeth them.
Job 37:23 [Touching] the Almighty, we cannot find him out: [he is] excellent in power, and in judgment, and in plenty of justice: he will not afflict.
Nehemiah 9:33 Howbeit thou [art] just in all that is brought upon us; for thou hast done right, but we have done wickedly:
Psalms 119:75 I know, O LORD, that thy judgments [are] right, and [that] thou in faithfulness hast afflicted me.
Lamentations 3:22-23 [It is of] the LORD'S mercies that we are not consumed, because his compassions fail not. ... [They are] new every morning: great [is] thy faithfulness.
Lamentations 3:32 But though he cause grief, yet will he have compassion according to the multitude of his mercies.
Lamentations 3:39-41 Wherefore doth a living man complain, a man for the punishment of his sins? ... Let us lift up our heart with [our] hands unto God in the heavens.
Ezekiel 18:25-28 Yet ye say, The way of the Lord is not equal. Hear now, O house of Israel; Is not my way equal? are not your ways unequal? ... Because he considereth, and turneth away from all his transgressions that he hath committed, he shall surely live, he shall not die.
Daniel 9:14 Therefore hath the LORD watched upon the evil, and brought it upon us: for the LORD our God [is] righteous in all his works which he doeth: for we obeyed not his voice.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jg 2:1. 2Ch 36:15. Ne 9:33. Jb 9:3; 11:6; 34:10, 12, 32; 35:14; 36:3, 8; 37:23. Ps 94:12; 119:75. Ec 7:28. Is 61:1. Lm 3:22, 32, 39. Ezk 18:25. Dn 9:14. Hg 1:13. Mal 2:7; 3:1. Ac 8:30. Ro 11:13. 1Co 11:30. 2Co 5:20. He 12:5.

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