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Job 32:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Then was kindled the wrath of Elihu the son of Barachel the Buzite, of the family of Ram: against Job was his wrath kindled, because he justified himself rather than God.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then was kindled the wrath of Elihu the son of Barachel the Buzite, of the kindred of Ram: against Job was his wrath kindled, because he justified himself rather than God.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But the anger of Elihu the son of Barachel the Buzite, of the family of Ram burned; against Job his anger burned because he justified himself before God.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then was kindled the wrath of Elihu the son of Barachel the Buzite, of the kindred of Ram: against Job was his wrath kindled, because he justified himself rather than God.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Then was kindled the anger of Elihu the son of Barachel, the Buzite, of the family of Ram: against Job was his anger kindled, because he justified himself rather than God;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then was kindled the anger of Elihu, son of Barachel the Buzite of the family of Ram,—against Job, was kindled his anger, because he justified his own soul rather than God;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and burn doth the anger of Elihu son of Barachel the Buzite, of the family of Ram; against Job hath his anger burned, because of his justifying himself more than God;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Eliu the son of Barachel the Buzite of the kindred of Ram, was angry and was moved to indignation: now he was angry against Job, because he said he was just before God.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then was kindled the wrath of Elihu, the sonne of Barachel the Buzite, of the kinred of Ram: against Iob was his wrath kindled, because he iustified himselfe rather then God.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Then Elihu{gr.Elius} the son of Barachiel, the Buzite, of the kindred of Ram, of the country of Ausis, was angered: and he was very angry with Job, because he justified himself before the Lord.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then was kindled the wrath of Elihu the son of Barakhel the Buzi, of the kindred of Ram: against Iyyov was his wrath kindled, because he justified himself rather than Elohim.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then was kindled 2734
{2734} Prime
חָרָה
charah
{khaw-raw'}
A primitive root (compare H2787); to glow or grow warm; figuratively (usually) to blaze up, of anger, zeal, jealousy.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the wrath 639
{0639} Prime
אַף
'aph
{af}
From H0599; properly the nose or nostril; hence the face, and occasionally a person; also (from the rapid breathing in passion) ire.
of lh אֱלִיהוּא 453
{0453} Prime
אֱלִיהוּ
'Eliyhuw
{el-ee-hoo'}
From H0410 and H1931; God of him; Elihu, the name of one of Job's friends, and of three Israelites.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Baral בַּרַכאֵל 1292
{1292} Prime
בַּרַכְאֵל
Barak'el
{baw-rak-ale'}
From H1288 and H0410, God has blessed; Barakel, the father of one of Job's friends.
the Bz בּוּזִי, 940
{0940} Prime
בּוּזִי
Buwziy
{boo-zee'}
Patronymic from H0938; a Buzite or descendant of Buz.
of the kindred 4940
{4940} Prime
מִשְׁפָּחָה
mishpachah
{mish-paw-khaw'}
From H8192 (compare H8198); a family, that is, circle of relatives; figuratively a class (of persons), a species (of animals) or sort (of things); by extension a tribe or people.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of Rm רָם: 7410
{7410} Prime
רָם
Ram
{rawm}
Active participle of H7311; high; Ram, the name of an Arabian and of an Israelite.
against Iyyv אִיּוֹב 347
{0347} Prime
אִיּוֹב
'Iyowb
{ee-yobe'}
From H0340; hated (that is, persecuted); Ijob, the patriarch famous for his patience.
was his wrath 639
{0639} Prime
אַף
'aph
{af}
From H0599; properly the nose or nostril; hence the face, and occasionally a person; also (from the rapid breathing in passion) ire.
kindled, 2734
{2734} Prime
חָרָה
charah
{khaw-raw'}
A primitive root (compare H2787); to glow or grow warm; figuratively (usually) to blaze up, of anger, zeal, jealousy.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
because x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
he justified 6663
{6663} Prime
צָדַק
tsadaq
{tsaw-dak'}
A primitive root; to be (causatively make) right (in a moral or forensic sense).
z8763
<8763> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 790
himself 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
rather than lhm אֱלֹהִים. 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Job 32:1-6.


Job 32:2

_ _ Elihu — meaning “God is Jehovah.” In his name and character as messenger between God and Job, he foreshadows Jesus Christ (Job 33:23-26).

_ _ Barachel — meaning “God blesses.” Both names indicate the piety of the family and their separation from idolaters.

_ _ Buzite — Buz was son of Nahor, brother of Abraham. Hence was named a region in Arabia-Deserta (Jeremiah 25:23).

_ _ Ram — Aram, nephew of Buz. Job was probably of an older generation than Elihu. However, the identity of names does not necessarily prove the identity of persons. The particularity with which Elihu’s descent is given, as contrasted with the others, led Lightfoot to infer Elihu was the author of the book. But the reason for particularity was, probably, that Elihu was less known than the three called “friends” of Job; and that it was right for the poet to mark especially him who was mainly to solve the problem of the book.

_ _ rather than God — that is, was more eager to vindicate himself than God. In Job 4:17, Job denies that man can be more just than God. Umbreit translates, “Before (in the presence of) God.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 32:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 32:2

The Buzite — Of the posterity of Buz, Nahor's son, Genesis 22:21. Ram — Or, of Aram; for Ram and Aram are used promiscuously; compare 2 Kings 8:28; 2 Chronicles 22:5. His pedigree is thus particularly described, partly for his honour, as being both a wise and good man, and principally to evidence the truth of this history. He justified — Himself not without reflection upon God, as dealing severely with him, he took more care to maintain his own innocency, than God's glory. The word Elihu signifies, my God is he. They had all tried in vain to convince Job: but my God is he who both can and will do it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 32:2

Then was kindled the wrath of Elihu the son of Barachel the (a) Buzite, of the kindred of (b) Ram: against Job was his wrath kindled, because he justified himself (c) rather than God.

(a) Which came from Buz, the son of Nahor, Abraham's brother.

(b) Or, as the Chaldee translation reads, Abram.

(c) By making himself innocent, and by charging God of rigour.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
kindled:

Psalms 69:9 For the zeal of thine house hath eaten me up; and the reproaches of them that reproached thee are fallen upon me.
Mark 3:5 And when he had looked round about on them with anger, being grieved for the hardness of their hearts, he saith unto the man, Stretch forth thine hand. And he stretched [it] out: and his hand was restored whole as the other.
Ephesians 4:26 Be ye angry, and sin not: let not the sun go down upon your wrath:

Buzite:

Genesis 22:21 Huz his firstborn, and Buz his brother, and Kemuel the father of Aram,

because:

Job 10:3 [Is it] good unto thee that thou shouldest oppress, that thou shouldest despise the work of thine hands, and shine upon the counsel of the wicked?
Job 27:2 [As] God liveth, [who] hath taken away my judgment; and the Almighty, [who] hath vexed my soul;
Job 34:5-6 For Job hath said, I am righteous: and God hath taken away my judgment. ... Should I lie against my right? my wound [is] incurable without transgression.
Job 34:17-18 Shall even he that hateth right govern? and wilt thou condemn him that is most just? ... [Is it fit] to say to a king, [Thou art] wicked? [and] to princes, [Ye are] ungodly?
Job 35:2 Thinkest thou this to be right, [that] thou saidst, My righteousness [is] more than God's?
Job 40:8 Wilt thou also disannul my judgment? wilt thou condemn me, that thou mayest be righteous?
Luke 10:29 But he, willing to justify himself, said unto Jesus, And who is my neighbour?

himself:
Heb. his soul
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 22:21. Jb 10:3; 27:2; 34:5, 17; 35:2; 40:8. Ps 69:9. Mk 3:5. Lk 10:29. Ep 4:26.

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