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Job 31:39 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— If I have eaten the fruits thereof without money, Or have caused the owners thereof to lose their life:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— If I have eaten the fruits thereof without money, or have caused the owners thereof to lose their life:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— If I have eaten its fruit without money, Or have caused its owners to lose their lives,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— If I have eaten the fruits of it without money, or have caused its owners to lose their life:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— If I have eaten the fruits thereof without money, and have tormented to death the souls of its owners:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— If, the strength thereof, I used to eat, without payment, and, the soul of the holders thereof, I made groan;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— If its strength I consumed without money, And the life of its possessors, I have caused to breathe out,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— If I have eaten the fruits thereof without money, and have afflicted the son of the tillers thereof:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— If I haue eaten the fruits thereof without money, or haue caused the owners thereof to loose their life:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— and if I ate its strength alone without price, and if I too grieved the heart of the owner of the soil, by taking [aught] from [him]:
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— If I have eaten the fruits thereof without money, or have caused the owners thereof to lose their life:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
If x518
(0518) Complement
אִם
'im
{eem}
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
I have eaten 398
{0398} Prime
אָכַל
'akal
{aw-kal'}
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
the fruits 3581
{3581} Prime
כֹּחַ
koach
{ko'-akh}
From an unused root meaning to be firm; vigor, literally (force, in a good or a bad sense) or figuratively (capacity, means, produce); also (from its hardiness) a large lizard.
thereof without x1097
(1097) Complement
בְּלִי
b@liy
{bel-ee'}
From H1086; properly failure, that is, nothing or destruction; usually (with preposition) without, not yet, because not, as long as, etc.
money, 3701
{3701} Prime
כֶּסֶף
keceph
{keh'-sef}
From H3700; silver (from its pale color); by implication money.
or have caused the owners 1167
{1167} Prime
בַּעַל
ba`al
{bah'-al}
From H1166; a master; hence a husband, or (figuratively) owner (often used with another noun in modifications of this latter sense.
thereof to lose 5301
{5301} Prime
נָפַח
naphach
{naw-fakh'}
A primitive root; to puff, in various applications (literally, to inflate, blow hard, scatter, kindle, expire; figuratively, to disesteem).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
their life: 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 31:39

_ _ lose ... life — not literally, but “harassed to death”; until he gave me up his land gratis [Maurer]; as in Judges 16:16; “suffered him to languish” by taking away his means of living [Umbreit] (1 Kings 21:19).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 31:33-40.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 31:39

Without money — Either without paying the price for the land, or by defrauding my workmen of their wages. Life — Killing them that I might have undisturbed possession of it, as Ahab did Naboth.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 31:39

If I have eaten the fruits thereof without money, or have caused (e) the owners thereof to lose their life:

(e) Meaning, that he was not a briber or extortioner.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
fruits:
Heb. strength,
Genesis 4:12 When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield unto thee her strength; a fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth.

caused the owners thereof to lose their life:
Heb. caused the soul of the owners thereof to expire, or breathe out,
1 Kings 21:13-16 And there came in two men, children of Belial, and sat before him: and the men of Belial witnessed against him, [even] against Naboth, in the presence of the people, saying, Naboth did blaspheme God and the king. Then they carried him forth out of the city, and stoned him with stones, that he died. ... And it came to pass, when Ahab heard that Naboth was dead, that Ahab rose up to go down to the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite, to take possession of it.
1 Kings 21:19 And thou shalt speak unto him, saying, Thus saith the LORD, Hast thou killed, and also taken possession? And thou shalt speak unto him, saying, Thus saith the LORD, In the place where dogs licked the blood of Naboth shall dogs lick thy blood, even thine.
Proverbs 1:19 So [are] the ways of every one that is greedy of gain; [which] taketh away the life of the owners thereof.
Isaiah 26:21 For, behold, the LORD cometh out of his place to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity: the earth also shall disclose her blood, and shall no more cover her slain.
Ezekiel 22:6 Behold, the princes of Israel, every one were in thee to their power to shed blood.
Ezekiel 22:12-13 In thee have they taken gifts to shed blood; thou hast taken usury and increase, and thou hast greedily gained of thy neighbours by extortion, and hast forgotten me, saith the Lord GOD. ... Behold, therefore I have smitten mine hand at thy dishonest gain which thou hast made, and at thy blood which hath been in the midst of thee.
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Gn 4:12. 1K 21:13, 19. Pv 1:19. Is 26:21. Ezk 22:6, 12.

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