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Job 31:30 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— (Yea, I have not suffered by mouth to sin By asking his life with a curse);
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Neither have I suffered my mouth to sin by wishing a curse to his soul.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “No, I have not allowed my mouth to sin By asking for his life in a curse.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Neither have I suffered my mouth to sin by wishing a curse to his soul.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— (Neither have I suffered my mouth to sin by asking his life with a curse;)
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Neither did I suffer my palate to sin, by asking, with a curse, for his life:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Yea, I have not suffered my mouth to sin, To ask with an oath his life.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For I have not given my mouth to sin, by wishing a curse to his soul.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— (Neither haue I suffered my mouth to sinne by wishing a curse to his soule.)
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— let then mine ear hear my curse, and let me be a byword among my people in my affliction.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Neither have I suffered my mouth to sin by wishing a curse to his soul.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Neither x3808
(3808) Complement
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
have I suffered 5414
{5414} Prime
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
my mouth 2441
{2441} Prime
Probably from H2496 in the sense of tasting; properly the palate or inside of the mouth; hence the mouth itself (as the organ of speech, taste and kissing).
to sin 2398
{2398} Prime
A primitive root; properly to miss; hence (figuratively and generally) to sin; by inference to forfeit, lack, expiate, repent, (causatively) lead astray, condemn.
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
by wishing 7592
{7592} Prime
A primitive root; to inquire; by implication to request; by extension to demand.
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
a curse 423
{0423} Prime
From H0422; an imprecation.
to his soul. 5315
{5315} Prime
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 31:30

_ _ mouth — literally, “palate.” (See on Job 6:30).

_ _ wishing — literally, “so as to demand his (my enemy’s) soul,” that is, “life by a curse.” This verse parenthetically confirms Job 31:30. Job in the patriarchal age of the promise, anterior to the law, realizes the Gospel spirit, which was the end of the law (compare Leviticus 19:18; Deuteronomy 23:6, with Matthew 5:43, Matthew 5:44).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 31:24-32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Exodus 23:4-5 If thou meet thine enemy's ox or his ass going astray, thou shalt surely bring it back to him again. ... If thou see the ass of him that hateth thee lying under his burden, and wouldest forbear to help him, thou shalt surely help with him.
Matthew 5:43-44 Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbour, and hate thine enemy. ... But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you;
Romans 12:14 Bless them which persecute you: bless, and curse not.
1 Peter 2:22-23 Who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth: ... Who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered, he threatened not; but committed [himself] to him that judgeth righteously:
1 Peter 3:9 Not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing: but contrariwise blessing; knowing that ye are thereunto called, that ye should inherit a blessing.

Heb. palate,
Ecclesiastes 5:2 Be not rash with thy mouth, and let not thine heart be hasty to utter [any] thing before God: for God [is] in heaven, and thou upon earth: therefore let thy words be few.
Ecclesiastes 5:6 Suffer not thy mouth to cause thy flesh to sin; neither say thou before the angel, that it [was] an error: wherefore should God be angry at thy voice, and destroy the work of thine hands?
Matthew 5:22 But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire.
Matthew 12:36 But I say unto you, That every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment.
James 3:6 And the tongue [is] a fire, a world of iniquity: so is the tongue among our members, that it defileth the whole body, and setteth on fire the course of nature; and it is set on fire of hell.
James 3:9-10 Therewith bless we God, even the Father; and therewith curse we men, which are made after the similitude of God. ... Out of the same mouth proceedeth blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not so to be.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 23:4. Ec 5:2, 6. Mt 5:22, 43; 12:36. Ro 12:14. Jm 3:6, 9. 1P 2:22; 3:9.

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