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Job 31:28 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— This also were an iniquity to be punished by the judges; For I should have denied the God that is above.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— This also [were] an iniquity [to be punished by] the judge: for I should have denied the God [that is] above.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— That too would have been an iniquity [calling for] judgment, For I would have denied God above.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— This also [were] an iniquity [to be punished by] the judge: for I should have denied the God [that is] above.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— This also would be an iniquity for the judge, for I should have denied the *God who is above.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— That too, had been a judicial iniquity, For I should have been false to GOD, above.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— It also [is] a judicial iniquity, For I had lied to God above.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Which is a very great iniquity, and a denial against the most high God.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— This also were an iniquitie to be [punished by the] Iudge: For I should haue denied the God [that is] aboue.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— let this also then be reckoned to me as the greatest iniquity: for I [should] have lied against the Lord Most High.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— This also [were] an iniquity [to be punished by] the judge: for I should have denied the El [that is] above.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
This x1931
(1931) Complement
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
also x1571
(1571) Complement
By contraction from an unused root meaning to gather; properly assemblage; used only adverbially also, even, yea, though; often repeated as correlation both... and.
[were] an iniquity 5771
{5771} Prime
From H5753; perversity, that is, (moral) evil.
[to be punished by] the judge: 6416
{6416} Prime
From H6414; judicial.
for x3588
(3588) Complement
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
I should have denied 3584
{3584} Prime
A primitive root; to be untrue, in word (to lie, feign, disown) or deed (to disappoint, fail, cringe).
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
the “Ėl אֵל 410
{0410} Prime
Shortened from H0352; strength; as adjective mighty; especially the Almighty (but used also of any deity).
[that is] above. 4605
{4605} Prime
From H5927; properly the upper part, used only adverbially with prefix upward, above, overhead, from the top, etc.
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 31:28

_ _ The Mosaic law embodied subsequently the feeling of the godly from the earliest times against idolatry, as deserving judicial penalties: being treason against the Supreme King (Deuteronomy 13:9; Deuteronomy 17:2-7; Ezekiel 8:14-18). This passage therefore does not prove Job to have been subsequent to Moses.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 31:24-32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 31:28

The judge — The civil magistrate; who being advanced and protected by God, is obliged to maintain and vindicate his honour, and consequently to punish idolatry. Denied God — Not directly but by consequence, because this was to rob God of his prerogative, by giving to the creature, that worship which is peculiar to God.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 31:28

This also [were] an iniquity [to be punished by] the judge: for I should have denied the God [that is] (t) above.

(t) By putting confidence in anything but in him alone.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Job 31:11 For this [is] an heinous crime; yea, it [is] an iniquity [to be punished by] the judges.
Job 9:15 Whom, though I were righteous, [yet] would I not answer, [but] I would make supplication to my judge.
Job 23:7 There the righteous might dispute with him; so should I be delivered for ever from my judge.
Genesis 18:25 That be far from thee to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked: and that the righteous should be as the wicked, that be far from thee: Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?
Deuteronomy 17:2-7 If there be found among you, within any of thy gates which the LORD thy God giveth thee, man or woman, that hath wrought wickedness in the sight of the LORD thy God, in transgressing his covenant, ... The hands of the witnesses shall be first upon him to put him to death, and afterward the hands of all the people. So thou shalt put the evil away from among you.
Deuteronomy 17:9 And thou shalt come unto the priests the Levites, and unto the judge that shall be in those days, and enquire; and they shall shew thee the sentence of judgment:
Judges 11:27 Wherefore I have not sinned against thee, but thou doest me wrong to war against me: the LORD the Judge be judge this day between the children of Israel and the children of Ammon.
Psalms 50:6 And the heavens shall declare his righteousness: for God [is] judge himself. Selah.
Hebrews 12:23 To the general assembly and church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect,


Joshua 24:23 Now therefore put away, [said he], the strange gods which [are] among you, and incline your heart unto the LORD God of Israel.
Joshua 24:27 And Joshua said unto all the people, Behold, this stone shall be a witness unto us; for it hath heard all the words of the LORD which he spake unto us: it shall be therefore a witness unto you, lest ye deny your God.
Proverbs 30:9 Lest I be full, and deny [thee], and say, Who [is] the LORD? or lest I be poor, and steal, and take the name of my God [in vain].
Titus 1:16 They profess that they know God; but in works they deny [him], being abominable, and disobedient, and unto every good work reprobate.
2 Peter 2:1 But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction.
1 John 2:23 Whosoever denieth the Son, the same hath not the Father: [(but) he that acknowledgeth the Son hath the Father also].
Jude 1:4 For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 18:25. Dt 17:2, 9. Jsh 24:23, 27. Jg 11:27. Jb 9:15; 23:7; 31:11. Ps 50:6. Pv 30:9. Tit 1:16. He 12:23. 2P 2:1. 1Jn 2:23. Jde 1:4.

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