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Job 31:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For calamity from God is a terror to me, And by reason of his majesty I can do nothing.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For destruction [from] God [was] a terror to me, and by reason of his highness I could not endure.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “For calamity from God is a terror to me, And because of His majesty I can do nothing.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For destruction [from] God [was] a terror to me, and by reason of his highness I could not endure.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For calamity from *God was a terror to me, and by reason of his excellency I was powerless.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, a dread unto me, was calamity from GOD, and, from his majesty, I could not escape.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For a dread unto me [is] calamity [from] God, And because of His excellency I am not able.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For I have always feared God as waves swelling over me, and his weight I was unable to bear.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For destruction [from] God was a terrour to mee: and by reason of his highnesse, I could not endure.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For the fear of the Lord constrained me, and I cannot bear up by reason of his burden.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For destruction [from] El [was] a terror to me, and by reason of his highness I could not endure.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For x3588
(3588) Complement
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
destruction 343
{0343} Prime
From the same as H0181 (in the sense of bending down); oppression; by implication misfortune, ruin.
[from] “Ėl אֵל 410
{0410} Prime
Shortened from H0352; strength; as adjective mighty; especially the Almighty (but used also of any deity).
[was] a terror 6343
{6343} Prime
From H6342; a (sudden) alarm (properly the object feared, by implication the feeling).
to x413
(0413) Complement
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
me, and by reason of his highness 7613
{7613} Prime
From H5375; an elevation or leprous scab; figuratively elation or cheerfulness; exaltation in rank or character.
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
I could 3201
{3201} Prime
A primitive root; to be able, literally (can, could) or morally (may, might).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
not x3808
(3808) Complement
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Job 31:13-23.

Job 31:23

_ _ For — that is, the reason why Job guarded against such sins. Fear of God, though he could escape man’s judgment (Genesis 39:9). Umbreit more spiritedly translates, Yea, destruction and terror from God might have befallen me (had I done so): mere fear not being the motive.

_ _ highness — majestic might.

_ _ endure — I could have availed nothing against it.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 31:16-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 31:23

For — I stood in awe of God and of his judgments. I could not — I knew myself unable either to oppose his power, or to bear his wrath. Even good men have need to restrain themselves from sin, with the fear of Destruction from God. Even when salvation from God is a comfort to us, yet destruction from God should be a terror to us. Adam in innocency was awed by a threatning.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 31:23

For destruction [from] God [was] a (q) terror to me, and by reason of his highness I could not endure.

(q) I did not refrain from sin for fear of men, but because I feared God.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Job 20:23 [When] he is about to fill his belly, [God] shall cast the fury of his wrath upon him, and shall rain [it] upon him while he is eating.
Job 21:20 His eyes shall see his destruction, and he shall drink of the wrath of the Almighty.
Genesis 39:9 [There is] none greater in this house than I; neither hath he kept back any thing from me but thee, because thou [art] his wife: how then can I do this great wickedness, and sin against God?
Psalms 119:120 My flesh trembleth for fear of thee; and I am afraid of thy judgments.
Isaiah 13:6 Howl ye; for the day of the LORD [is] at hand; it shall come as a destruction from the Almighty.
Joel 1:15 Alas for the day! for the day of the LORD [is] at hand, and as a destruction from the Almighty shall it come.
2 Corinthians 5:11 Knowing therefore the terror of the Lord, we persuade men; but we are made manifest unto God; and I trust also are made manifest in your consciences.


Job 13:11 Shall not his excellency make you afraid? and his dread fall upon you?
Job 40:9 Hast thou an arm like God? or canst thou thunder with a voice like him?
Job 42:5-6 I have heard of thee by the hearing of the ear: but now mine eye seeth thee. ... Wherefore I abhor [myself], and repent in dust and ashes.
Psalms 76:7 Thou, [even] thou, [art] to be feared: and who may stand in thy sight when once thou art angry?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 39:9. Jb 13:11; 20:23; 21:20; 40:9; 42:5. Ps 76:7; 119:120. Is 13:6. Jol 1:15. 2Co 5:11.

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