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Job 30:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [They are] children of fools, yea, children of base men; They were scourged out of the land.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [They were] children of fools, yea, children of base men: they were viler than the earth.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Fools, even those without a name, They were scourged from the land.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [They were] children of fools, yes, children of base men: they were viler than the earth.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Sons of fools, and sons of nameless sires, they are driven out of the land.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Sons of the base, yea sons of the nameless, they were scourged out of the land.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Sons of folly—even sons without name, They have been smitten from the land.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The children of foolish and base men, and not appearing at all upon the earth.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— They [were] children of fooles, yea children of base men: they were viler then the earth.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [They are] sons of fools and vile men, [whose] name and glory [are] quenched from off the earth.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [They were] children of fools, yea, children of base men: they were viler than the earth.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[They were] children 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of fools, 5036
{5036} Prime
נָבָל
nabal
{naw-bawl'}
From H5034; stupid; wicked (especially impious).
yea, x1571
(1571) Complement
גַּם
gam
{gam}
By contraction from an unused root meaning to gather; properly assemblage; used only adverbially also, even, yea, though; often repeated as correlation both... and.
children 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of base men: 8034
{8034} Prime
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
x1097
(1097) Complement
בְּלִי
b@liy
{bel-ee'}
From H1086; properly failure, that is, nothing or destruction; usually (with preposition) without, not yet, because not, as long as, etc.
they were viler 5217
{5217} Prime
נָכָא
naka'
{naw-kaw'}
A primitive root; to smite, that is, drive away.
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
than x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
the earth. 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 30:8

_ _ fools — that is, the impious and abandoned (1 Samuel 25:25).

_ _ base — nameless, low-born rabble.

_ _ viler than, etc. — rather, they were driven or beaten out of the land. The Horites in Mount Seir (Genesis 14:6 with which compare Genesis 36:20, Genesis 36:21; Deuteronomy 2:12, Deuteronomy 2:22) were probably the aborigines, driven out by the tribe to which Job’s ancestors belonged; their name means troglodytae, or “dwellers in caves.” To these Job alludes here (Job 30:1-8, and Genesis 24:4-8, which compare together).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 30:1-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
children:

2 Kings 8:18 And he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, as did the house of Ahab: for the daughter of Ahab was his wife: and he did evil in the sight of the LORD.
2 Kings 8:27 And he walked in the way of the house of Ahab, and did evil in the sight of the LORD, as [did] the house of Ahab: for he [was] the son in law of the house of Ahab.
2 Chronicles 22:3 He also walked in the ways of the house of Ahab: for his mother was his counsellor to do wickedly.
Psalms 49:10-13 For he seeth [that] wise men die, likewise the fool and the brutish person perish, and leave their wealth to others. ... This their way [is] their folly: yet their posterity approve their sayings. Selah.
Jeremiah 7:18 The children gather wood, and the fathers kindle the fire, and the women knead [their] dough, to make cakes to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto other gods, that they may provoke me to anger.
Mark 6:24 And she went forth, and said unto her mother, What shall I ask? And she said, The head of John the Baptist.

fools:

Proverbs 1:7 The fear of the LORD [is] the beginning of knowledge: [but] fools despise wisdom and instruction.
Proverbs 1:22 How long, ye simple ones, will ye love simplicity? and the scorners delight in their scorning, and fools hate knowledge?
Proverbs 16:22 Understanding [is] a wellspring of life unto him that hath it: but the instruction of fools [is] folly.

base men:
Heb. men of no name

viler:

Job 40:4 Behold, I am vile; what shall I answer thee? I will lay mine hand upon my mouth.
Psalms 15:4 In whose eyes a vile person is contemned; but he honoureth them that fear the LORD. [He that] sweareth to [his own] hurt, and changeth not.
Isaiah 32:6 For the vile person will speak villany, and his heart will work iniquity, to practise hypocrisy, and to utter error against the LORD, to make empty the soul of the hungry, and he will cause the drink of the thirsty to fail.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2K 8:18, 27. 2Ch 22:3. Jb 40:4. Ps 15:4; 49:10. Pv 1:7, 22; 16:22. Is 32:6. Jr 7:18. Mk 6:24.

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