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Job 3:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Let them curse it that curse the day, Who are ready to rouse up leviathan.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Let them curse it that curse the day, who are ready to raise up their mourning.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Let those curse it who curse the day, Who are prepared to rouse Leviathan.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Let them curse it that curse the day, who are ready to raise up their mourning.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Let them curse it that curse the day, who are ready to rouse Leviathan;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Let day-cursers denounce it, Those skilled in rousing the dragon of the sky:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Let the cursers of day mark it, Who are ready to wake up Leviathan.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Let them curse it who curse the day, who are ready to raise up a leviathan:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Let them curse it that curse the day, who are ready to raise vp their mourning.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— But let him that curses that day curse it, [even] he that is ready to attack the great whale.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Let them curse it that curse the day, who are ready to raise up their mourning.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Let them curse 5344
{5344} Prime
נָקַב
naqab
{naw-kab'}
A primitive root; to puncture, literally (to perforate, with more or less violence) or figuratively (to specify, designate, libel).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
it that curse 779
{0779} Prime
אָרַר
'arar
{aw-rar'}
A primitive root; to execrate.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
the day, 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
who are ready 6264
{6264} Prime
עָתִיד
`athiyd
{aw-theed'}
From H6257; prepared; by implication skilful; feminine plural the future; also treasure.
to raise up 5782
{5782} Prime
עוּר
`uwr
{oor}
A primitive root (rather identical with H5783 through the idea of opening the eyes); to wake (literally or figuratively).
z8788
<8788> Grammar
Stem - Polel (See H8847)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 7
their mourning. 3882
{3882} Prime
לִוְיָתָן
livyathan
{liv-yaw-thawn'}
From H3867; a wreathed animal, that is, a serpent (especially the crocodile or some other large sea monster); figuratively the constellation of the dragon; also as a symbol of Babylon.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 3:8

_ _ them ... curse the day — If “mourning” be the right rendering in the latter clause of this verse, these words refer to the hired mourners of the dead (Jeremiah 9:17). But the Hebrew for “mourning” elsewhere always denotes an animal, whether it be the crocodile or some huge serpent (Isaiah 27:1), such as is meant by “leviathan.” Therefore, the expression, “cursers of day,” refers to magicians, who were believed to be able by charms to make a day one of evil omen. (So Balaam, Numbers 22:5). This accords with Umbreit’s view (Job 3:7); or to the Ethiopians and Atlantes, who “used to curse the sun at his rising for burning up them and their country” [Herodotus]. Necromancers claimed power to control or rouse wild beasts at will, as do the Indian serpent-charmers of our day (Psalms 58:5). Job does not say they had the power they claimed; but, supposing they had, may they curse the day. Schuttens renders it by supplying words as follows: — Let those that are ready for anything, call it (the day) the raiser up of leviathan, that is, of a host of evils.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 3:1-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 3:8

The day — Their birth — day: when their afflictions move them to curse their own birth — day, let them remember mine also, and bestow some curses upon it. Mourning — Who are full of sorrow, and always ready to pour out their cries, and tears, and complaints.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 3:8

Let them curse it that curse the day, who are (f) ready to raise up their mourning.

(f) Who curse the day of their birth, let them lay that curse on this night.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
who are ready:

2 Chronicles 35:25 And Jeremiah lamented for Josiah: and all the singing men and the singing women spake of Josiah in their lamentations to this day, and made them an ordinance in Israel: and, behold, they [are] written in the lamentations.
Jeremiah 9:17-18 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, Consider ye, and call for the mourning women, that they may come; and send for cunning [women], that they may come: ... And let them make haste, and take up a wailing for us, that our eyes may run down with tears, and our eyelids gush out with waters.
Amos 5:16 Therefore the LORD, the God of hosts, the Lord, saith thus; Wailing [shall be] in all streets; and they shall say in all the highways, Alas! alas! and they shall call the husbandman to mourning, and such as are skilful of lamentation to wailing.
Matthew 11:17 And saying, We have piped unto you, and ye have not danced; we have mourned unto you, and ye have not lamented.
Mark 5:38 And he cometh to the house of the ruler of the synagogue, and seeth the tumult, and them that wept and wailed greatly.

their mourning:
or, a leviathan,
Job 41:1 Canst thou draw out leviathan with an hook? or his tongue with a cord [which] thou lettest down?
Job 41:10 None [is so] fierce that dare stir him up: who then is able to stand before me?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2Ch 35:25. Jb 41:1, 10. Jr 9:17. Am 5:16. Mt 11:17. Mk 5:38.

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