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Job 3:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Let darkness and the shadow of death claim it for their own; Let a cloud dwell upon it; Let all that maketh black the day terrify it.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Let darkness and the shadow of death stain it; let a cloud dwell upon it; let the blackness of the day terrify it.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Let darkness and black gloom claim it; Let a cloud settle on it; Let the blackness of the day terrify it.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Let darkness and the shades of death stain it; let a cloud dwell upon it; let the blackness of the day terrify it.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Let darkness and the shadow of death claim it; let clouds dwell upon it; let darkeners of the day terrify it.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Let darkness and death-shade buy it back, May there settle down upon it a cloud, Let a day's dark eclipse cause it terror:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Let darkness and death-shade redeem it, Let a cloud tabernacle upon it, Let them terrify it as the most bitter of days.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Let darkness, and the shadow of death, cover it, let a mist overspread it, and let it be wrapped up in bitterness.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Let darkenes and the shadowe of death staine it, let a cloud dwell vpon it, let the blacknes of the day terrifie it.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— But let darkness and the shadow of death seize it; let blackness come upon it;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Let darkness and the shadow of death stain it; let a cloud dwell upon it; let the blackness of the day terrify it.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Let darkness 2822
{2822} Prime
חֹשֶׁךְ
choshek
{kho-shek'}
From H2821; the dark; hence (literally) darkness; figuratively misery, destruction, death, ignorance, sorrow, wickedness.
and the shadow of death 6757
{6757} Prime
צַלְמָוֶת
tsalmaveth
{tsal-maw'-veth}
From H6738 and H4194; shade of death, that is, the grave (figuratively calamity).
stain 1350
{1350} Prime
גָּאַל
ga'al
{gaw-al'}
A primitive root, to redeem (according to the Oriental law of kinship), that is, to be the next of kin (and as such to buy back a relative's property, marry his widow, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
it; let a cloud 6053
{6053} Prime
עֲנָנָה
`ananah
{an-aw-naw'}
Feminine of H6051; cloudiness.
dwell 7931
{7931} Prime
שָׁכַן
shakan
{shaw-kan'}
A primitive root (apparently akin (by transmutation) to H7901 through the idea of lodging; compare H5531 and H7925); to reside or permanently stay (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
it; let the blackness 3650
{3650} Prime
כִּמְרִיר
kimriyr
{kim-reer'}
Reduplicated from H3648; obscuration (as if from shrinkage of light), that is, an eclipse (only in plural).
of the day 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
terrify 1204
{1204} Prime
בָּעַת
ba`ath
{baw-ath'}
A primitive root; to fear.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
it.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 3:5

_ _ Let ... the shadow of death — (“deepest darkness,” Isaiah 9:2).

_ _ stain it — This is a later sense of the verb [Gesenius]; better the old and more poetic idea, “Let darkness (the ancient night of chaotic gloom) resume its rights over light (Genesis 1:2), and claim that day as its own.”

_ _ a cloud — collectively, a gathered mass of dark clouds.

_ _ the blackness of the day terrify it — literally, “the obscurations”; whatever darkens the day [Gesenius]. The verb in Hebrew expresses sudden terrifying. May it be suddenly affrighted at its own darkness. Umbreit explains it as “magical incantations that darken the day,” forming the climax to the previous clauses; Job 3:8 speaks of “cursers of the day” similarly. But the former view is simpler. Others refer it to the poisonous simoom wind.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 3:1-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 3:5

Death — A black and dark shadow like that of the place of the dead, which is a land of darkness. Slain — Take away its beauty and glory. Terrify — That is, men in it. Let it be always observed as a frightful and dismal day.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 3:5

Let darkness and the (e) shadow of death stain it; let a cloud dwell upon it; let the blackness of the day terrify it.

(e) That is, most obscure darkness, which makes them afraid of death that they are in it.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the shadow:

Job 10:21-22 Before I go [whence] I shall not return, [even] to the land of darkness and the shadow of death; ... A land of darkness, as darkness [itself; and] of the shadow of death, without any order, and [where] the light [is] as darkness.
Job 16:16 My face is foul with weeping, and on my eyelids [is] the shadow of death;
Job 24:17 For the morning [is] to them even as the shadow of death: if [one] know [them, they are in] the terrors of the shadow of death.
Job 28:3 He setteth an end to darkness, and searcheth out all perfection: the stones of darkness, and the shadow of death.
Job 38:17 Have the gates of death been opened unto thee? or hast thou seen the doors of the shadow of death?
Psalms 23:4 Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou [art] with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.
Psalms 44:19 Though thou hast sore broken us in the place of dragons, and covered us with the shadow of death.
Psalms 107:10 Such as sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, [being] bound in affliction and iron;
Psalms 107:14 He brought them out of darkness and the shadow of death, and brake their bands in sunder.
Isaiah 9:2 The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them hath the light shined.
Jeremiah 2:6 Neither said they, Where [is] the LORD that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, that led us through the wilderness, through a land of deserts and of pits, through a land of drought, and of the shadow of death, through a land that no man passed through, and where no man dwelt?
Jeremiah 13:16 Give glory to the LORD your God, before he cause darkness, and before your feet stumble upon the dark mountains, and, while ye look for light, he turn it into the shadow of death, [and] make [it] gross darkness.
Amos 5:8 [Seek him] that maketh the seven stars and Orion, and turneth the shadow of death into the morning, and maketh the day dark with night: that calleth for the waters of the sea, and poureth them out upon the face of the earth: The LORD [is] his name:
Matthew 4:16 The people which sat in darkness saw great light; and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death light is sprung up.
Luke 1:79 To give light to them that sit in darkness and [in] the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace.

stain it:
or, challenge it

let a cloud:

Deuteronomy 4:11 And ye came near and stood under the mountain; and the mountain burned with fire unto the midst of heaven, with darkness, clouds, and thick darkness.
Ezekiel 30:3 For the day [is] near, even the day of the LORD [is] near, a cloudy day; it shall be the time of the heathen.
Ezekiel 34:12 As a shepherd seeketh out his flock in the day that he is among his sheep [that are] scattered; so will I seek out my sheep, and will deliver them out of all places where they have been scattered in the cloudy and dark day.
Joel 2:2 A day of darkness and of gloominess, a day of clouds and of thick darkness, as the morning spread upon the mountains: a great people and a strong; there hath not been ever the like, neither shall be any more after it, [even] to the years of many generations.
Hebrews 12:18 For ye are not come unto the mount that might be touched, and that burned with fire, nor unto blackness, and darkness, and tempest,

let the blackness:
or, let them terrify it, as those who have a bitter day,
Jeremiah 4:28 For this shall the earth mourn, and the heavens above be black: because I have spoken [it], I have purposed [it], and will not repent, neither will I turn back from it.
Amos 8:10 And I will turn your feasts into mourning, and all your songs into lamentation; and I will bring up sackcloth upon all loins, and baldness upon every head; and I will make it as the mourning of an only [son], and the end thereof as a bitter day.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 4:11. Jb 10:21; 16:16; 24:17; 28:3; 38:17. Ps 23:4; 44:19; 107:10, 14. Is 9:2. Jr 2:6; 4:28; 13:16. Ezk 30:3; 34:12. Jol 2:2. Am 5:8; 8:10. Mt 4:16. Lk 1:79. He 12:18.

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