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Job 3:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— With kings and counsellors of the earth, Who built up waste places for themselves;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— With kings and counsellors of the earth, which built desolate places for themselves;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— With kings and [with] counselors of the earth, Who rebuilt ruins for themselves;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— With kings and counselors of the earth, who built desolate places for themselves;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— With kings and counsellors of the earth, who build desolate places for themselves,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— With kings, and counselors of the earth, who had built them pyramids:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— With kings and counsellors of earth, These building wastes for themselves.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— With kings and consuls of the earth, who build themselves solitudes:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— With Kings and counsellers of the earth, which built desolate places for themselues,
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— with kings [and] councillors of the earth, who gloried in [their] swords;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— With kings and counsellors of the earth, which built desolate places for themselves;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
With x5973
(5973) Complement
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
kings 4428
{4428} Prime
From H4427; a king.
and counsellors 3289
{3289} Prime
A primitive root; to advise; reflexively to deliberate or resolve.
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
of the earth, 776
{0776} Prime
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
which built 1129
{1129} Prime
A primitive root; to build (literally and figuratively).
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
desolate places 2723
{2723} Prime
Feminine of H2721; properly drought, that is, (by implication) a desolation.
for themselves;
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 3:14

_ _ With kings ... which built desolate places for themselves — who built up for themselves what proved to be (not palaces, but) ruins! The wounded spirit of Job, once a great emir himself, sick of the vain struggles of mortal great men, after grandeur, contemplates the palaces of kings, now desolate heaps of ruins. His regarding the repose of death the most desirable end of the great ones of earth, wearied with heaping up perishable treasures, marks the irony that breaks out from the black clouds of melancholy [Umbreit]. The “for themselves” marks their selfishness. Michaelis explains it weakly of mausoleums, such as are found still, of stupendous proportions, in the ruins of Petra of Idumea.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 3:11-19.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 3:14

Kings — I had then been as happy as the proudest monarchs, who after all their great achievements and enjoyments, go down into their graves. Built — Who to shew their wealth and power, or to leave behind them a glorious name, rebuilt ruined cities, or built new cities and palaces, in places where before there was mere solitude and wasteness.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 3:14

With kings and counsellors of the earth, which built (k) desolate places for themselves;

(k) He notes the ambition of them who for their pleasure as it were change the order of nature, and build in most barren places, because they would by this make their names immortal.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Job 30:23 For I know [that] thou wilt bring me [to] death, and [to] the house appointed for all living.
1 Kings 2:10 So David slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David.
1 Kings 11:43 And Solomon slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David his father: and Rehoboam his son reigned in his stead.
Psalms 49:6-10 They that trust in their wealth, and boast themselves in the multitude of their riches; ... For he seeth [that] wise men die, likewise the fool and the brutish person perish, and leave their wealth to others.
Psalms 49:14 Like sheep they are laid in the grave; death shall feed on them; and the upright shall have dominion over them in the morning; and their beauty shall consume in the grave from their dwelling.
Psalms 89:48 What man [is he that] liveth, and shall not see death? shall he deliver his soul from the hand of the grave? Selah.
Ecclesiastes 8:8 [There is] no man that hath power over the spirit to retain the spirit; neither [hath he] power in the day of death: and [there is] no discharge in [that] war; neither shall wickedness deliver those that are given to it.
Isaiah 14:10-16 All they shall speak and say unto thee, Art thou also become weak as we? art thou become like unto us? ... They that see thee shall narrowly look upon thee, [and] consider thee, [saying, Is] this the man that made the earth to tremble, that did shake kingdoms;
Ezekiel 27:18-32 Damascus [was] thy merchant in the multitude of the wares of thy making, for the multitude of all riches; in the wine of Helbon, and white wool. ... And in their wailing they shall take up a lamentation for thee, and lament over thee, [saying], What [city is] like Tyrus, like the destroyed in the midst of the sea?

which built:
Who erect splendid mausoleums, funeral monuments, etc. to keep their names from perishing, while their bodies are turned to corruption.
Job 15:28 And he dwelleth in desolate cities, [and] in houses which no man inhabiteth, which are ready to become heaps.
Isaiah 5:8 Woe unto them that join house to house, [that] lay field to field, till [there be] no place, that they may be placed alone in the midst of the earth!
Ezekiel 26:20 When I shall bring thee down with them that descend into the pit, with the people of old time, and shall set thee in the low parts of the earth, in places desolate of old, with them that go down to the pit, that thou be not inhabited; and I shall set glory in the land of the living;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1K 2:10; 11:43. Jb 15:28; 30:23. Ps 49:6, 14; 89:48. Ec 8:8. Is 5:8; 14:10. Ezk 26:20; 27:18.

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