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Job 29:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I was a father to the needy: And the cause of him that I knew not I searched out.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I [was] a father to the poor: and the cause [which] I knew not I searched out.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “I was a father to the needy, And I investigated the case which I did not know.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I [was] a father to the poor: and the cause [which] I knew not I searched out.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I was a father to the needy, and the cause which I knew not I searched out;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— A father, was, I, to the needy, and, as for the cause which I knew not, I used to search it out;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A father I [am] to the needy, And the cause I have not known I search out.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I was the father of the poor: and the cause which I knew not, I searched out most diligently.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I [was] a father to the poore: and the cause which I knewe not, I searched out.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— I was the father of the helpless; and I searched out the cause which I knew not.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— I [was] a father to the poor: and the cause [which] I knew not I searched out.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I x595
(0595) Complement
A primitive pronoun; I.
[was] a father 1
{0001} Prime
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
to the poor: 34
{0034} Prime
From H0014, in the sense of want (especially in feeling); destitute.
and the cause 7379
{7379} Prime
From H7378; a contest (personal or legal).
[which] I knew 3045
{3045} Prime
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
not x3808
(3808) Complement
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
I searched out. 2713
{2713} Prime
A primitive root; properly to penetrate; hence to examine intimately.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Job 29:12-17.

Job 29:16

_ _ So far was I from “breaking the arms of the fatherless,” as Eliphaz asserts (Job 22:9), I was a “father” to such.

_ _ the cause which I knew not — rather, “of him whom I knew not,” the stranger (Proverbs 29:7 [Umbreit]; contrast Luke 18:1, etc.). Applicable to almsgiving (Psalms 41:1); but here primarily, judicial conscientiousness (Job 31:13).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 29:7-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
a father:

Job 31:18 (For from my youth he was brought up with me, as [with] a father, and I have guided her from my mother's womb;)
Esther 2:7 And he brought up Hadassah, that [is], Esther, his uncle's daughter: for she had neither father nor mother, and the maid [was] fair and beautiful; whom Mordecai, when her father and mother were dead, took for his own daughter.
Psalms 68:5 A father of the fatherless, and a judge of the widows, [is] God in his holy habitation.
Ephesians 5:1 Be ye therefore followers of God, as dear children;
James 1:27 Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, To visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, [and] to keep himself unspotted from the world.

the cause:

Exodus 18:26 And they judged the people at all seasons: the hard causes they brought unto Moses, but every small matter they judged themselves.
Deuteronomy 13:14 Then shalt thou enquire, and make search, and ask diligently; and, behold, [if it be] truth, [and] the thing certain, [that] such abomination is wrought among you;
Deuteronomy 17:8-10 If there arise a matter too hard for thee in judgment, between blood and blood, between plea and plea, and between stroke and stroke, [being] matters of controversy within thy gates: then shalt thou arise, and get thee up into the place which the LORD thy God shall choose; ... And thou shalt do according to the sentence, which they of that place which the LORD shall choose shall shew thee; and thou shalt observe to do according to all that they inform thee:
1 Kings 3:16-28 Then came there two women, [that were] harlots, unto the king, and stood before him. ... And all Israel heard of the judgment which the king had judged; and they feared the king: for they saw that the wisdom of God [was] in him, to do judgment.
Proverbs 25:2 [It is] the glory of God to conceal a thing: but the honour of kings [is] to search out a matter.
Proverbs 29:7 The righteous considereth the cause of the poor: [but] the wicked regardeth not to know [it].
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 18:26. Dt 13:14; 17:8. 1K 3:16. Es 2:7. Jb 31:18. Ps 68:5. Pv 25:2; 29:7. Ep 5:1. Jm 1:27.

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