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Job 28:28 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And unto man he said, Behold, the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom; And to depart from evil is understanding.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And unto man he said, Behold, the fear of the Lord, that [is] wisdom; and to depart from evil [is] understanding.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “And to man He said, ‘Behold, the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom; And to depart from evil is understanding.’”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And to man he said, Behold, the fear of the Lord, that [is] wisdom; and to depart from evil [is] understanding.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And unto man he said, Lo, the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom; and to depart from evil is understanding.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And said to the son of earth, Lo! the reverence of the Lord, that, is wisdom, and, to avoid evil, is understanding.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And He saith to man:—'Lo, fear of the Lord, that [is] wisdom, And to turn from evil [is] understanding.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he said to man: Behold the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom: and to depart from evil, is understanding.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And vnto man he said, Behold, the feare of the Lord, that [is] wisedome, and to depart from euill, is vnderstanding.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And he said to man, Behold, godliness is wisdom: and to abstain from evil is understanding.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And unto man he said, Behold, the fear of Yahweh, that [is] wisdom; and to depart from evil [is] understanding.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And unto man 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
he said, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Behold, x2005
(2005) Complement
הֵן
hen
{hane}
A primitive particle; lo! also (as expressing surprise) if.
the fear 3374
{3374} Prime
יִרְאָה
yir'ah
{yir-aw'}
Feminine of H3373; fear (also used as infinitive); morally reverence.
of Yhw יָהוֶה, 136
{0136} Prime
אֲדֹנָי
'Adonay
{ad-o-noy'}
An emphatic form of H0113; the Lord (used as a proper name of God only).
that x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
[is] wisdom; 2451
{2451} Prime
חָכְמָה
chokmah
{khok-maw'}
From H2449; wisdom (in a good sense).
and to depart 5493
{5493} Prime
סוּר
cuwr
{soor}
A primitive root; to turn off (literally or figuratively).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
from evil 7451
{7451} Prime
רָע
ra`
{rah}
From H7489; bad or (as noun) evil (naturally or morally). This includes the second (feminine) form; as adjective or noun.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
[is] understanding. 998
{0998} Prime
בִּינָה
biynah
{bee-naw'}
From H0995; understanding.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 28:28

_ _ Rather, “But unto man,” etc. My wisdom is that whereby all things are governed; Thy wisdom is in fearing God and shunning evil, and in feeling assured that My wisdom always acts aright, though thou dost not understand the principle which regulates it; for example, in afflicting the godly (John 7:17). The friends, therefore, as not comprehending the Divine Wisdom, should not infer Job’s guilt from his sufferings. Here alone in Job the name of God, Adonai, occurs; “Lord” or “master,” often applied to Messiah in Old Testament. Appropriately here, in speaking of the Word or Wisdom, by whom the world was made (Proverbs 8:22-31; John 1:3; Ecclesiasticus 24:1-34).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 28:20-28.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 28:28

Man — Unto Adam in the day in which he was created. And in him, to all his posterity. Said — God spake it, at first to the mind of man, in which he wrote this with his own finger, and afterwards by the holy patriarchs, and prophets, and other teachers, whom he sent into the world to teach men true wisdom. Behold — Which expression denotes the great importance of this doctrine, and withal man's backwardness to apprehend it. The fear of the Lord — True religion. Wisdom — In man's wisdom, because that, and that only, is his duty, and safety, and happiness, both for this life and for the next. Evil — From sin, which is called evil eminently, as being the chief evil, and the cause of all other evils. Religion consists of two branches, doing good, and forsaking evil; the former is expressed in the former clause of this verse, and the latter in these words; and this is the best kind of knowledge or wisdom to which man can attain in this life. The design of Job in this close of his discourse, is not to reprove the boldness of his friends, in prying into God's secrets, and passing such a rash censure upon him, and upon God's carriage towards him; but also to vindicate himself from the imputation of hypocrisy, which they fastened upon him, by shewing that he had ever esteemed it to be his best wisdom, to fear God, and to depart from evil.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 28:28

And unto man he said, Behold, the (o) fear of the Lord, that [is] wisdom; and to depart from evil [is] understanding.

(o) He declares that man has as much of this heavenly wisdom as he shows by fearing God and departing from evil.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
unto man:

Deuteronomy 29:29 The secret [things belong] unto the LORD our God: but those [things which are] revealed [belong] unto us and to our children for ever, that [we] may do all the words of this law.
Proverbs 8:4-5 Unto you, O men, I call; and my voice [is] to the sons of man. ... O ye simple, understand wisdom: and, ye fools, be ye of an understanding heart.
Proverbs 8:26-32 While as yet he had not made the earth, nor the fields, nor the highest part of the dust of the world. ... Now therefore hearken unto me, O ye children: for blessed [are they that] keep my ways.

fear:

Deuteronomy 4:6 Keep therefore and do [them]; for this [is] your wisdom and your understanding in the sight of the nations, which shall hear all these statutes, and say, Surely this great nation [is] a wise and understanding people.
Psalms 111:10 The fear of the LORD [is] the beginning of wisdom: a good understanding have all they that do [his commandments]: his praise endureth for ever.
Proverbs 1:7 The fear of the LORD [is] the beginning of knowledge: [but] fools despise wisdom and instruction.
Proverbs 9:10 The fear of the LORD [is] the beginning of wisdom: and the knowledge of the holy [is] understanding.
Ecclesiastes 12:13 Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear God, and keep his commandments: for this [is] the whole [duty] of man.
James 3:13-17 Who [is] a wise man and endued with knowledge among you? let him shew out of a good conversation his works with meekness of wisdom. ... But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, [and] easy to be intreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy.

to depart:

Psalms 34:14 Depart from evil, and do good; seek peace, and pursue it.
Proverbs 3:7 Be not wise in thine own eyes: fear the LORD, and depart from evil.
Proverbs 13:14 The law of the wise [is] a fountain of life, to depart from the snares of death.
Proverbs 16:17 The highway of the upright [is] to depart from evil: he that keepeth his way preserveth his soul.
Isaiah 1:16 Wash you, make you clean; put away the evil of your doings from before mine eyes; cease to do evil;
2 Timothy 2:19 Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure, having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his. And, Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity.
1 Peter 3:11 Let him eschew evil, and do good; let him seek peace, and ensue it.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 4:6; 29:29. Ps 34:14; 111:10. Pv 1:7; 3:7; 8:4, 26; 9:10; 13:14; 16:17. Ec 12:13. Is 1:16. 2Ti 2:19. Jm 3:13. 1P 3:11.

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