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Job 26:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— By his Spirit the heavens are garnished; His hand hath pierced the swift serpent.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— By his spirit he hath garnished the heavens; his hand hath formed the crooked serpent.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “By His breath the heavens are cleared; His hand has pierced the fleeing serpent.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— By his spirit he hath garnished the heavens; his hand hath formed the crooked serpent.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— By his Spirit the heavens are adorned; his hand hath formed the fleeing serpent.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— By his spirit, hath he arched the heavens, His hand hath pierced the fleeing serpent.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— By His Spirit the heavens He beautified, Formed hath His hand the fleeing serpent.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— His spirit hath adorned the heavens, and his obstetric hand brought forth the winding serpent.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— By his spirit he hath garnished the heauens; his hand hath formed the crooked serpent.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the barriers of heaven fear him, and by a command he has slain the apostate dragon.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— By his spirit he hath garnished the heavens; his hand hath formed the crooked serpent.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
By his spirit 7307
{7307} Prime
רוּחַ
ruwach
{roo'-akh}
From H7306; wind; by resemblance breath, that is, a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions).
he hath garnished 8235
{8235} Prime
שִׁפְרָה
shiphrah
{shif-raw'}
From H8231; brightness.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
the heavens; 8064
{8064} Prime
שָׁמַיִם
shamayim
{shaw-mah'-yim}
The second form being dual of an unused singular; from an unused root meaning to be lofty; the sky (as aloft; the dual perhaps alluding to the visible arch in which the clouds move, as well as to the higher ether where the celestial bodies revolve).
his hand 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
hath formed y2342
[2342] Standard
חוּל
chuwl
{khool}
A primitive root; properly to twist or whirl (in a circular or spiral manner), that is, (specifically) to dance, to writhe in pain (especially of parturition) or fear; figuratively to wait, to pervert.
z8790
<8790> Grammar
Stem - Polel (See H8847)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 41
x2490
(2490) Complement
חָלַל
chalal
{khaw-lal'}
A primitive root (compare H2470); properly to bore, that is, (by implication) to wound, to dissolve; figuratively to profane (a person, place or thing), to break (one's word), to begin (as if by an opening-wedge); denominatively (from H2485) to play (the flute).
the crooked 1281
{1281} Prime
בָּרִיחַ
bariyach
{baw-ree'-akh}
From H1272; a fugitive, that is, the serpent (as fleeing), and the constellation by that name.
serpent. 5175
{5175} Prime
נָחָשׁ
nachash
{naw-khawsh'}
From H5172; a snake (from its hiss).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Job 26:5-14.


Job 26:13

_ _ Umbreit less simply, “By His breath He maketh the heavens to revive”: namely, His wind dissipates the clouds, which obscured the shining stars. And so the next clause in contrast, “His hand doth strangle,” that is, obscures the north constellation, the dragon. Pagan astronomy typified the flood trying to destroy the ark by the dragon constellation, about to devour the moon in its eclipsed crescent-shape like a boat (Job 3:8, Margin). But better as English Version (Psalms 33:6).

_ _ crooked — implying the oblique course, of the stars, or the ecliptic. “Fleeing” or “swift” [Umbreit] (Isaiah 27:1). This particular constellation is made to represent the splendor of all the stars.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 26:5-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 26:13

By his spirit he hath garnished the heavens; his hand hath formed the crooked (l) serpent.

(l) Which is a figure of stars shaped like a serpent, because of the crookedness.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
his spirit:

Genesis 1:2 And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness [was] upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
Psalms 33:6-7 By the word of the LORD were the heavens made; and all the host of them by the breath of his mouth. ... He gathereth the waters of the sea together as an heap: he layeth up the depth in storehouses.
Psalms 104:30 Thou sendest forth thy spirit, they are created: and thou renewest the face of the earth.

the crooked serpent:

Psalms 74:13-14 Thou didst divide the sea by thy strength: thou brakest the heads of the dragons in the waters. ... Thou brakest the heads of leviathan in pieces, [and] gavest him [to be] meat to the people inhabiting the wilderness.
Isaiah 27:1 In that day the LORD with his sore and great and strong sword shall punish leviathan the piercing serpent, even leviathan that crooked serpent; and he shall slay the dragon that [is] in the sea.
Revelation 12:9 And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 1:2. Ps 33:6; 74:13; 104:30. Is 27:1. Rv 12:9.

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