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Job 24:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— They drive away the ass of the fatherless; They take the widow's ox for a pledge.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— They drive away the ass of the fatherless, they take the widow's ox for a pledge.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “They drive away the donkeys of the orphans; They take the widow’s ox for a pledge.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— They drive away the ass of the fatherless, they take the widow's ox for a pledge.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— They drive away the ass of the fatherless, they take the widow's ox for a pledge;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The ass of the fatherless, they drive off, they take in pledge the ox of the widow;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The ass of the fatherless they lead away, They take in pledge the ox of the widow,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— They have driven away the ass of the fatherless, and have taken away the widow's ox for a pledge.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— They driue away the asse of the fatherlesse, they take the widowes oxe for a pledge.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— They have led away, the ass of the fatherless, and taken the widow's ox for a pledge.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— They drive away the ass of the fatherless, they take the widow's ox for a pledge.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
They drive away 5090
{5090} Prime
נָהַג
nahag
{naw-hag'}
A primitive root; to drive forth (a person, an animal or chariot), that is, lead, carry away; reflexively to proceed (that is, impel or guide oneself); also (from the panting induced by effort), to sigh.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the ass 2543
{2543} Prime
חֲמוֹר
chamowr
{kham-ore'}
From H2560; a male ass (from its dun red).
of the fatherless, 3490
{3490} Prime
יָתוֹם
yathowm
{yaw-thome'}
From an unused root meaning to be lonely; a bereaved person.
they take y2254
[2254] Standard
חָבַל
chabal
{khaw-bal'}
A primitive root; to wind tightly (as a rope), that is, to bind; specifically by a pledge; figuratively to pervert, destroy; also to writhe in pain (especially of parturition).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
the widow's y490
[0490] Standard
אַלְמָנָה
'almanah
{al-maw-naw'}
Feminine of H0488; a widow; also a desolate place.
ox y7794
[7794] Standard
שׁוֹר
showr
{shore}
From H7788; a bullock (as a traveller). wall used by mistake for H7791.
for a pledge. 2254
{2254} Prime
חָבַל
chabal
{khaw-bal'}
A primitive root; to wind tightly (as a rope), that is, to bind; specifically by a pledge; figuratively to pervert, destroy; also to writhe in pain (especially of parturition).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x7794
(7794) Complement
שׁוֹר
showr
{shore}
From H7788; a bullock (as a traveller). wall used by mistake for H7791.
x490
(0490) Complement
אַלְמָנָה
'almanah
{al-maw-naw'}
Feminine of H0488; a widow; also a desolate place.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Job 24:2-24.


Job 24:3

_ _ pledge — alluding to Job 22:6. Others really do, and with impunity, that which Eliphaz falsely charges the afflicted Job with.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 24:1-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 24:3

Pledge — Contrary to God's law, first written in mens hearts, and afterwards in holy scripture, Exodus 22:26-27.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
drive:

Job 22:6-9 For thou hast taken a pledge from thy brother for nought, and stripped the naked of their clothing. ... Thou hast sent widows away empty, and the arms of the fatherless have been broken.
Job 31:16-17 If I have withheld the poor from [their] desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail; ... Or have eaten my morsel myself alone, and the fatherless hath not eaten thereof;
Deuteronomy 24:6 No man shall take the nether or the upper millstone to pledge: for he taketh [a man's] life to pledge.
Deuteronomy 24:10-13 When thou dost lend thy brother any thing, thou shalt not go into his house to fetch his pledge. ... In any case thou shalt deliver him the pledge again when the sun goeth down, that he may sleep in his own raiment, and bless thee: and it shall be righteousness unto thee before the LORD thy God.
Deuteronomy 24:17-21 Thou shalt not pervert the judgment of the stranger, [nor] of the fatherless; nor take a widow's raiment to pledge: ... When thou gatherest the grapes of thy vineyard, thou shalt not glean [it] afterward: it shall be for the stranger, for the fatherless, and for the widow.
1 Samuel 12:3 Behold, here I [am]: witness against me before the LORD, and before his anointed: whose ox have I taken? or whose ass have I taken? or whom have I defrauded? whom have I oppressed? or of whose hand have I received [any] bribe to blind mine eyes therewith? and I will restore it you.
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Dt 24:6, 10, 17. 1S 12:3. Jb 22:6; 31:16.

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