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Job 24:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— These are of them that rebel against the light; They know not the ways thereof, Nor abide in the paths thereof.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— They are of those that rebel against the light; they know not the ways thereof, nor abide in the paths thereof.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Others have been with those who rebel against the light; They do not want to know its ways Nor abide in its paths.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— They are of those that rebel against the light; they know not its ways, nor abide in its paths.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— There are those that rebel against the light; they know not the ways thereof, nor abide in the paths thereof.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— They, have become rebels against the light,—they are not acquainted with the ways thereof, neither abide they in the paths thereof.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— They have been among rebellious ones of light, They have not discerned His ways, Nor abode in His paths.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— They have been rebellious to the light, they have not known his ways, neither have they returned by his paths.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— They are of those that rebell against the light, they know not the wayes thereof, nor abide in the pathes thereof.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Why then has he not visited these? forasmuch as they were upon the earth, and took no notice, and they knew not the way of righteousness, neither have they walked in their [appointed] paths?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— They are of those that rebel against the light; they know not the ways thereof, nor abide in the paths thereof.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
They x1992
(1992) Complement
הֵם
hem
{haym}
Masculine plural from H1931; they (only used when emphatic).
are x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
of those that rebel 4775
{4775} Prime
מָרַד
marad
{maw-rad'}
A primitive root; to rebel.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
against the light; 216
{0216} Prime
אוֹר
'owr
{ore}
From H0215; illumination or (concretely) luminary (in every sense, including lightning, happiness, etc.).
they know 5234
{5234} Prime
נָכַר
nakar
{naw-kar'}
A primitive root; properly to scrutinize, that is, look intently at; hence (with recognition implied), to acknowledge, be acquainted with, care for, respect, revere, or (with suspicion implied), to disregard, ignore, be strange toward, reject, resign, dissimulate (as if ignorant or disowning).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
the ways 1870
{1870} Prime
דֶּרֶךְ
derek
{deh'-rek}
From H1869; a road (as trodden); figuratively a course of life or mode of action, often adverbially.
thereof, nor x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
abide 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
in the paths 5410
{5410} Prime
נָתִיב
nathiyb
{naw-theeb'}
From an unused root meaning to tramp; a (beaten) track.
thereof.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Job 24:2-24.


Job 24:13

_ _ So far as to openly committed sins; now, those done in the dark. Translate: “There are those among them (the wicked) who rebel,” etc.

_ _ light — both literal and figurative (John 3:19, John 3:20; Proverbs 2:13).

_ _ paths thereof — places where the light shines.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Job 24:13-17

_ _ These verses describe another sort of sinners who therefore go unpunished, because they go undiscovered. They rebel against the light, Job 24:13. Some understand it figuratively: they sin against the light of nature, the light of God's law, and that of their own consciences; they profess to know God, but they rebel against the knowledge they have of him, and will not be guided and governed, commanded and controlled, by it. Others understand it literally: they have the day-light and choose the night as the most advantageous season for their wickedness. Sinful works are therefore called works of darkness, because he that does evil hates the light (John 3:20), knows not the ways thereof, that is, keeps out of the way of it, or, if he happen to be seen, abides not where he thinks he is known. So that he here describes the worst of sinners, — those that sin wilfully, and against the convictions of their own consciences, whereby they add rebellion to their sin, — those that sin deliberately, and with a great deal of plot and contrivance, using a thousand arts to conceal their villanies, fondly imagining that, if they can but hide them from the eye of men, they are safe, but forgetting that there is no darkness or shadow of death in which the workers of iniquity can hide themselves from God's eye, Job 34:22. In this paragraph Job specifies three sorts of sinners that shun the light: — 1. Murderers, Job 24:14. They rise with the light, as soon as ever the day breaks, to kill the poor travellers that are up early and abroad about their business, going to market with a little money or goods; and though it is so little that they are really to be called poor and needy, who with much ado get a sorry livelihood by their marketings, yet, to get it, the murderer will both take his neighbour's life and venture his own, will rather play at such small game than not play at all; nay, he kills for killing sake, thirsting more for blood than for booty. See what care and pains wicked men take to compass their wicked designs, and let the sight shame us out of our negligence and slothfulness in doing good.

Ut jugulent homines, surgunt de nocte latrones,
Tuque ut te serves non expergisceris?
Rogues nightly rise to murder men for pelf;
Will you not rouse you to preserve yourself?

_ _ 2. Adulterers. The eyes that are full of adultery (2 Peter 2:14), the unclean and wanton eyes, wait for the twilight, Job 24:15. The eye of the adulteress did so, Proverbs 7:9. Adultery hides its head for shame. The sinners themselves, even the most impudent, do what they can to hide their sin: si non caste, tamen cauteif not chastely, yet cautiously; and after all the wretched endeavours of the factors for hell to take away the reproach of it, it is and ever will be a shame even to speak of those things which are done of them in secret, Ephesians 5:12. It hides its head also for fear, knowing that jealousy is the rage of a husband, who will not spare in the day of vengeance, Proverbs 6:24, Proverbs 6:25. See what pains those take that make provision for the flesh to fulfil the lusts of it, pains to compass, and then to conceal, that provision which, after all, will be death and hell at last. Less pains would serve to mortify and crucify the flesh, which would be life and heaven at last. Let the sinner change his heart, and then he needs not disguise his face, but may lift it up without spot. 3. House-breakers, Job 24:16. These mark houses in the day-time, mark the avenues of a house, and on which side they can most easily force their entrance, and then, in the night, dig through them, either to kill, or steal, or commit adultery. The night favours the assault, and makes the defence the more difficult; for the good man of the house knows not what hour the thief will come and therefore is asleep (Luke 12:39) and he and his lie exposed. For this reason our law makes burglary, which is the breaking and entering of a dwelling-house in the night time with a felonious intent, to be felony without benefit of clergy.

_ _ And, lastly, Job observes (and perhaps observes it as part of the present, though secret, punishment of such sinners as these) that they are in a continual terror for fear of being discovered (Job 24:17): The morning is to them even as the shadow of death. The light of the day, which is welcome to honest people, is a terror to bad people. They curse the sun, not as the Moors, because it scorches them, but because it discovers them. If one know them, their consciences fly in their faces, and they are ready to become their own accusers; for they are in the terrors of the shadow of death. Shame came in with sin, and everlasting shame is at the end of it. See the misery of sinners — they are exposed to continual frights; and yet see their folly — they are afraid of coming under the eye of men, but have no dread of God's eye, which is always upon them: they are not afraid of doing that which yet they are so terribly afraid of being known to do.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 24:13

Light — As well the light of reason and conscience, as the light of Divine revelation, which was then in good measure imparted to the people of God, and shortly after committed to writing. Know not — They do not approve, nor love, or chuse them.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 24:13

They are of those that rebel against the (p) light; they know not the ways thereof, nor abide in the paths thereof.

(p) That is, God's word, because they are reproved by it.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
rebel:

Luke 12:47-48 And that servant, which knew his lord's will, and prepared not [himself], neither did according to his will, shall be beaten with many [stripes]. ... But he that knew not, and did commit things worthy of stripes, shall be beaten with few [stripes]. For unto whomsoever much is given, of him shall be much required: and to whom men have committed much, of him they will ask the more.
John 3:19-20 And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil. ... For every one that doeth evil hateth the light, neither cometh to the light, lest his deeds should be reproved.
John 9:39-41 And Jesus said, For judgment I am come into this world, that they which see not might see; and that they which see might be made blind. ... Jesus said unto them, If ye were blind, ye should have no sin: but now ye say, We see; therefore your sin remaineth.
John 15:22-24 If I had not come and spoken unto them, they had not had sin: but now they have no cloke for their sin. ... If I had not done among them the works which none other man did, they had not had sin: but now have they both seen and hated both me and my Father.
Romans 1:32 Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.
Romans 2:17-24 Behold, thou art called a Jew, and restest in the law, and makest thy boast of God, ... For the name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles through you, as it is written.
James 4:17 Therefore to him that knoweth to do good, and doeth [it] not, to him it is sin.

they know:

Proverbs 4:19 The way of the wicked [is] as darkness: they know not at what they stumble.
John 12:35 Then Jesus said unto them, Yet a little while is the light with you. Walk while ye have the light, lest darkness come upon you: for he that walketh in darkness knoweth not whither he goeth.
John 12:40 He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not see with [their] eyes, nor understand with [their] heart, and be converted, and I should heal them.
Romans 3:11-17 There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God. ... And the way of peace have they not known:
2 Thessalonians 2:10-12 And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved. ... That they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness.

nor abide:

Job 23:11-12 My foot hath held his steps, his way have I kept, and not declined. ... Neither have I gone back from the commandment of his lips; I have esteemed the words of his mouth more than my necessary [food].
John 8:31 Then said Jesus to those Jews which believed on him, If ye continue in my word, [then] are ye my disciples indeed;
John 8:44 Ye are of [your] father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.
John 15:6 If a man abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast [them] into the fire, and they are burned.
2 Peter 2:20-22 For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning. ... But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb, The dog [is] turned to his own vomit again; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire.
1 John 2:19 They went out from us, but they were not of us; for if they had been of us, they would [no doubt] have continued with us: but [they went out], that they might be made manifest that they were not all of us.
Jude 1:6 And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day.
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Jb 23:11. Pv 4:19. Lk 12:47. Jn 3:19; 8:31, 44; 9:39; 12:35, 40; 15:6, 22. Ro 1:32; 2:17; 3:11. 2Th 2:10. Jm 4:17. 2P 2:20. 1Jn 2:19. Jde 1:6.

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What is the light? Isa.8;20, Ishi truth, 2 tim.2;15,3;16 his teaching,doctrine,jn.12;48 word,phil.1;7,17, affirmation,
Who are thoses? Who REBEL TODAY,against Elohim ,word,doctrines,teaching ,light?
They are catholic and protestant churches, teaching and doctrines.
1.They don,t know his way from his book of books, word, teaching and doctrines.
2. They have no clue of what he confirm or validate in his scriptures.
3. Why? They inoculated propensity and mindset are in a illusion, perverted ,iniquity, subversion, caricature, anamorphic eschatological ,token of perditional state.2thess.2;8-10
- NegOs A-Sir (11/20/2012 6:44:21 AM)
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