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Job 20:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For he hath oppressed and forsaken the poor; He hath violently taken away a house, and he shall not build it up.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Because he hath oppressed [and] hath forsaken the poor; [because] he hath violently taken away an house which he builded not;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “For he has oppressed [and] forsaken the poor; He has seized a house which he has not built.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Because he hath oppressed [and] hath forsaken the poor; [because] he hath violently taken away a house which he did not build.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For he hath oppressed, hath forsaken the poor; he hath violently taken away a house that he did not build.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For he hath oppressed—hath forsaken the poor, A house, hath he seized, which he cannot rebuild.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For he oppressed—he forsook the poor, A house he hath taken violently away, And he doth not build it.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Because he broke in and stripped the poor: he hath violently taken away a house which he did not build.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Because hee hath oppressed, [and] hath forsaken the poore; [because] he hath violently taken away an house which he builded not:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For he has broken down the houses of many mighty men: and he has plundered an habitation, though he built [it] not.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Because he hath oppressed [and] hath forsaken the poor; [because] he hath violently taken away an house which he builded not;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Because x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
he hath oppressed 7533
{7533} Prime
רָצַץ
ratsats
{raw-tsats'}
A primitive root; to crack in pieces, literally or figuratively.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
[and] hath forsaken 5800
{5800} Prime
עָזַב
`azab
{aw-zab'}
A primitive root; to loosen, that is, relinquish, permit, etc.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
the poor; 1800
{1800} Prime
דַּל
dal
{dal}
From H1809; properly dangling, that is, (by implication) weak or thin.
[because] he hath violently taken away 1497
{1497} Prime
גָּזַל
gazal
{gaw-zal'}
A primitive root; to pluck off; specifically to flay, strip or rob.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
an house 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
which he builded 1129
{1129} Prime
בָּנָה
banah
{baw-naw'}
A primitive root; to build (literally and figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
not; x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 20:19

_ _ oppressed — whereas he ought to have espoused their cause (2 Chronicles 16:10).

_ _ forsaken — left helpless.

_ _ house — thus leaving the poor without shelter (Isaiah 5:8; Micah 2:2).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 20:10-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Because:

Job 21:27-28 Behold, I know your thoughts, and the devices [which] ye wrongfully imagine against me. ... For ye say, Where [is] the house of the prince? and where [are] the dwelling places of the wicked?
Job 22:6 For thou hast taken a pledge from thy brother for nought, and stripped the naked of their clothing.
Job 24:2-12 [Some] remove the landmarks; they violently take away flocks, and feed [thereof]. ... Men groan from out of the city, and the soul of the wounded crieth out: yet God layeth not folly [to them].
Job 31:13-22 If I did despise the cause of my manservant or of my maidservant, when they contended with me; ... [Then] let mine arm fall from my shoulder blade, and mine arm be broken from the bone.
Job 31:38-39 If my land cry against me, or that the furrows likewise thereof complain; ... If I have eaten the fruits thereof without money, or have caused the owners thereof to lose their life:
Job 35:9 By reason of the multitude of oppressions they make [the oppressed] to cry: they cry out by reason of the arm of the mighty.
1 Samuel 12:3-4 Behold, here I [am]: witness against me before the LORD, and before his anointed: whose ox have I taken? or whose ass have I taken? or whom have I defrauded? whom have I oppressed? or of whose hand have I received [any] bribe to blind mine eyes therewith? and I will restore it you. ... And they said, Thou hast not defrauded us, nor oppressed us, neither hast thou taken ought of any man's hand.
Psalms 10:18 To judge the fatherless and the oppressed, that the man of the earth may no more oppress.
Psalms 12:5 For the oppression of the poor, for the sighing of the needy, now will I arise, saith the LORD; I will set [him] in safety [from him that] puffeth at him.
Proverbs 14:31 He that oppresseth the poor reproacheth his Maker: but he that honoureth him hath mercy on the poor.
Proverbs 22:22-23 Rob not the poor, because he [is] poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate: ... For the LORD will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them.
Ecclesiastes 4:1 So I returned, and considered all the oppressions that are done under the sun: and behold the tears of [such as were] oppressed, and they had no comforter; and on the side of their oppressors [there was] power; but they had no comforter.
Ecclesiastes 5:8 If thou seest the oppression of the poor, and violent perverting of judgment and justice in a province, marvel not at the matter: for [he that is] higher than the highest regardeth; and [there be] higher than they.
Ezekiel 22:29 The people of the land have used oppression, and exercised robbery, and have vexed the poor and needy: yea, they have oppressed the stranger wrongfully.
Amos 4:1-3 Hear this word, ye kine of Bashan, that [are] in the mountain of Samaria, which oppress the poor, which crush the needy, which say to their masters, Bring, and let us drink. ... And ye shall go out at the breaches, every [cow at that which is] before her; and ye shall cast [them] into the palace, saith the LORD.
James 2:6 But ye have despised the poor. Do not rich men oppress you, and draw you before the judgment seats?
James 2:13 For he shall have judgment without mercy, that hath shewed no mercy; and mercy rejoiceth against judgment.
James 5:4 Behold, the hire of the labourers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, crieth: and the cries of them which have reaped are entered into the ears of the Lord of sabaoth.

oppressed:
Heb. crushed,
Deuteronomy 28:33 The fruit of thy land, and all thy labours, shall a nation which thou knowest not eat up; and thou shalt be only oppressed and crushed alway:
Lamentations 3:34 To crush under his feet all the prisoners of the earth,

he hath violently:

Job 18:15 It shall dwell in his tabernacle, because [it is] none of his: brimstone shall be scattered upon his habitation.
Job 24:2 [Some] remove the landmarks; they violently take away flocks, and feed [thereof].
1 Kings 21:19 And thou shalt speak unto him, saying, Thus saith the LORD, Hast thou killed, and also taken possession? And thou shalt speak unto him, saying, Thus saith the LORD, In the place where dogs licked the blood of Naboth shall dogs lick thy blood, even thine.
Isaiah 5:7-8 For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts [is] the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry. ... Woe unto them that join house to house, [that] lay field to field, till [there be] no place, that they may be placed alone in the midst of the earth!
Micah 2:2 And they covet fields, and take [them] by violence; and houses, and take [them] away: so they oppress a man and his house, even a man and his heritage.
Micah 2:9 The women of my people have ye cast out from their pleasant houses; from their children have ye taken away my glory for ever.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 28:33. 1S 12:3. 1K 21:19. Jb 18:15; 21:27; 22:6; 24:2; 31:13, 38; 35:9. Ps 10:18; 12:5. Pv 14:31; 22:22. Ec 4:1; 5:8. Is 5:7. Lm 3:34. Ezk 22:29. Am 4:1. Mi 2:2, 9. Jm 2:6, 13; 5:4.

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