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Job 2:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Satan answered Jehovah, and said, Skin for skin, yea, all that a man hath will he give for his life.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Satan answered the LORD, and said, Skin for skin, yea, all that a man hath will he give for his life.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Satan answered the LORD and said, “Skin for skin! Yes, all that a man has he will give for his life.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Satan answered the LORD, and said, Skin for skin, even, all that a man hath will he give for his life.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Satan answered Jehovah and said, Skin for skin, yea, all that a man hath will he give for his life;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then the accuser answered Yahweh, and said, Skin for skin, and so, all that a man hath, will he give for his life.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the Adversary answereth Jehovah and saith, 'A skin for a skin, and all that a man hath he doth give for his life.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Satan answered, and said: Skin for skin; and all that a man hath, he will give for his life:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Satan answered the LORD, and said, Skinne for skinne, yea all that a man hath, wil he giue for his life.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the devil answered and said to the Lord, Skin for skin, all that a man has will he give as a ransom for his life.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Satan answered Yahweh, and said, Skin for skin, yea, all that a man hath will he give for his life.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And +n שָׂטָן 7854
{7854} Prime
שָׂטָן
satan
{saw-tawn'}
From H7853; an opponent; especially (with the article prefixed) Satan, the arch enemy of good.
answered 6030
{6030} Prime
עָנָה
`anah
{aw-naw'}
A primitive root; properly to eye or (generally) to heed, that is, pay attention; by implication to respond; by extension to begin to speak; specifically to sing, shout, testify, announce.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
and said, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Skin y5785
[5785] Standard
עוֹר
`owr
{ore}
From H5783; skin (as naked); by implication hide, leather.
for skin, 5785
{5785} Prime
עוֹר
`owr
{ore}
From H5783; skin (as naked); by implication hide, leather.
x1157
(1157) Complement
בַּעַד
b@`ad
{beh-ad'}
From H5704 with prepositional prefix; in up to or over against; generally at, beside, among, behind, for, etc.
yea, all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
that x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
a man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
hath will he give 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
for x1157
(1157) Complement
בַּעַד
b@`ad
{beh-ad'}
From H5704 with prepositional prefix; in up to or over against; generally at, beside, among, behind, for, etc.
his life. 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 2:4

_ _ Skin for skin — a proverb. Supply, “He will give.” The “skin” is figurative for any outward good. Nothing outward is so dear that a man will not exchange it for some other outward good; “but” (not “yea”) “life,” the inward good, cannot be replaced; a man will sacrifice everything else for its sake. Satan sneers bitterly at man’s egotism and says that Job bears the loss of property and children because these are mere outward and exchangeable goods, but he will give up all things, even his religion, in order to save his life, if you touch his bones and flesh. “Skin” and “life” are in antithesis [Umbreit]. The martyrs prove Satan’s sneer false. Rosenmuller explains it not so well. A man willingly gives up another’s skin (life) for his own skin (life). So Job might bear the loss of his children, etc., with equanimity, so long as he remained unhurt himself; but when touched in his own person, he would renounce God. Thus the first “skin” means the other’s skin, that is, body; the second “skin,” one’s own, as in Exodus 21:28.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 2:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 2:4

Skin, &c. — The sense is, this is so far from being an evidence of Job's sincere and generous piety, that it is only an act of mere self — love; he is contented with the loss of his estate, and children too, so long as he sleeps in a whole skin; and he is well pleased, that thou wilt accept of these a ransom in his stead; and it is not true patience which makes him seem to bear his crosses so submissively, but policy, that he may appease thy wrath against him, and prevent those farther plagues, which, for his hypocrisy, he fears thou wilt otherwise bring upon his own carcase.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 2:4

And Satan answered the LORD, and said, (e) Skin for skin, yea, all that a man hath will he give for his life.

(e) By this he means that a man's own skin is dearer to him than another man's.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
all that:

Esther 7:3-4 Then Esther the queen answered and said, If I have found favour in thy sight, O king, and if it please the king, let my life be given me at my petition, and my people at my request: ... For we are sold, I and my people, to be destroyed, to be slain, and to perish. But if we had been sold for bondmen and bondwomen, I had held my tongue, although the enemy could not countervail the king's damage.
Isaiah 2:20-21 In that day a man shall cast his idols of silver, and his idols of gold, which they made [each one] for himself to worship, to the moles and to the bats; ... To go into the clefts of the rocks, and into the tops of the ragged rocks, for fear of the LORD, and for the glory of his majesty, when he ariseth to shake terribly the earth.
Jeremiah 41:8 But ten men were found among them that said unto Ishmael, Slay us not: for we have treasures in the field, of wheat, and of barley, and of oil, and of honey. So he forbare, and slew them not among their brethren.
Matthew 6:25 Therefore I say unto you, Take no thought for your life, what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink; nor yet for your body, what ye shall put on. Is not the life more than meat, and the body than raiment?
Matthew 16:26 For what is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul?
Acts 27:18-19 And we being exceedingly tossed with a tempest, the next [day] they lightened the ship; ... And the third [day] we cast out with our own hands the tackling of the ship.
Philippians 3:8-10 Yea doubtless, and I count all things [but] loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord: for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and do count them [but] dung, that I may win Christ, ... That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable unto his death;
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Es 7:3. Is 2:20. Jr 41:8. Mt 6:25; 16:26. Ac 27:18. Php 3:8.

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