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Job 19:25 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But as for me I know that my Redeemer liveth, And at last he will stand up upon the earth:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For I know [that] my redeemer liveth, and [that] he shall stand at the latter [day] upon the earth:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “As for me, I know that my Redeemer lives, And at the last He will take His stand on the earth.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For I know [that] my redeemer liveth, and [that] he will stand at the latter [day] upon the earth:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And [as for] me, I know that my Redeemer liveth, and the Last, he shall stand upon the earth;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, I, know that, my redeemer, liveth, and, as the Last over [my] dust, will he arise;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— That—I have known my Redeemer, The Living and the Last, For the dust he doth rise.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For I know that my Redeemer liveth, and in the last day I shall rise out of the earth.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For I know [that] my Redeemer liueth, and [that] he shall stand at the latter day, vpon the earth:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For I know that he is eternal who is about to deliver me,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For I know [that] my redeemer liveth, and [that] he shall stand at the latter [day] upon the earth:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For I x589
(0589) Complement
אֲנִי
'aniy
{an-ee'}
Contracted from H0595; I.
know 3045
{3045} Prime
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
[that] my redeemer 1350
{1350} Prime
גָּאַל
ga'al
{gaw-al'}
A primitive root, to redeem (according to the Oriental law of kinship), that is, to be the next of kin (and as such to buy back a relative's property, marry his widow, etc.).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
liveth, 2416
{2416} Prime
חַי
chay
{khah'-ee}
From H2421; alive; hence raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively.
and [that] he shall stand 6965
{6965} Prime
קוּם
quwm
{koom}
A primitive root; to rise (in various applications, literally, figuratively, intensively and causatively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
at the latter 314
{0314} Prime
אַחֲרוֹן
'acharown
{akh-ar-one'}
From H0309; hinder; generally late or last; specifically (as facing the east) western.
[day] upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the earth: 6083
{6083} Prime
עָפָר
`aphar
{aw-fawr'}
From H6080; dust (as powdered or gray); hence clay, earth, mud.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 19:25

_ _ redeemer — Umbreit and others understand this and Job 19:26, of God appearing as Job’s avenger before his death, when his body would be wasted to a skeleton. But Job uniformly despairs of restoration and vindication of his cause in this life (Job 17:15, Job 17:16). One hope alone was left, which the Spirit revealed — a vindication in a future life: it would be no full vindication if his soul alone were to be happy without the body, as some explain (Job 19:26) “out of the flesh.” It was his body that had chiefly suffered: the resurrection of his body, therefore, alone could vindicate his cause: to see God with his own eyes, and in a renovated body (Job 19:27), would disprove the imputation of guilt cast on him because of the sufferings of his present body. That this truth is not further dwelt on by Job, or noticed by his friends, only shows that it was with him a bright passing glimpse of Old Testament hope, rather than the steady light of Gospel assurance; with us this passage has a definite clearness, which it had not in his mind (see on Job 21:30). The idea in “redeemer” with Job is Vindicator (Job 16:19; Numbers 35:27), redressing his wrongs; also including at least with us, and probably with him, the idea of the predicted Bruiser of the serpent’s head. Tradition would inform him of the prediction. Foster shows that the fall by the serpent is represented perfectly on the temple of Osiris at Philae; and the resurrection on the tomb of the Egyptian Mycerinus, dating four thousand years back. Job’s sacrifices imply sense of sin and need of atonement. Satan was the injurer of Job’s body; Jesus Christ his Vindicator, the Living One who giveth life (John 5:21, John 5:26).

_ _ at the latter day — Rather, “the Last,” the peculiar title of Jesus Christ, though Job may not have known the pregnancy of his own inspired words, and may have understood merely one that comes after (1 Corinthians 15:45; Revelation 1:17). Jesus Christ is the last. The day of Jesus Christ the last day (John 6:39).

_ _ stand — rather, “arise”: as God is said to “raise up” the Messiah (Jeremiah 23:5; Deuteronomy 18:15).

_ _ earth — rather, “dust”: often associated with the body crumbling away in it (Job 7:21; Job 17:16); therefore appropriately here. Above that very dust wherewith was mingled man’s decaying body shall man’s Vindicator arise. “Arise above the dust,” strikingly expresses that fact that Jesus Christ arose first Himself above the dust, and then is to raise His people above it (1 Corinthians 15:20, 1 Corinthians 15:23). The Spirit intended in Job’s words more than Job fully understood (1 Peter 1:12). Though He seems, in forsaking me, to be as one dead, He now truly “liveth” in heaven; hereafter He shall appear also above the dust of earth. The Goel or vindicator of blood was the nearest kinsman of the slain. So Jesus Christ took our flesh, to be our kinsman. Man lost life by Satan the “murderer” (John 8:44), here Job’s persecutor (Hebrews 2:14). Compare also as to redemption of the inheritance by the kinsman of the dead (Ruth 4:3-5; Ephesians 1:14).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 19:23-29.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 19:25

For — This is the reason of his confidence in the goodness of his cause, and his willingness to have the matter depending between him and his friends, published and submitted to any trial, because he had a living and powerful Redeemer to plead his cause, and to give sentence for him. My Redeemer — In whom I have a particular interest. The word Goel, here used; properly agrees to Jesus Christ: for this word is primarily used of the next kinsman, whose office it was to redeem by a price paid, the sold or mortgaged estate of his deceased kinsman; to revenge his death, and to maintain his name and honour, by raising up seed to him. All which more fitly agrees to Christ, who is our nearest kinsman and brother, as having taken our nature upon him; who hath redeemed that everlasting inheritance which our first parents had utterly lost, by the price of his own blood; and hath revenged the death of mankind upon the great contriver of it, the devil, by destroying him and his kingdom; and hath taken a course to preserve our name, and honour, and persons, to eternity. And it is well observed, that after these expressions, we meet not with such impatient or despairing passages, as we had before; which shews that they had inspired him with new life and comfort. Latter day — At the day of the general resurrection and judgment, which, as those holy patriarchs well knew and firmly believed, was to be at the end of the world. The earth — The place upon which Christ shall appear and stand at the last day. Heb. upon the dust; in which his saints and members lie or sleep, whom he will raise out of it. And therefore he is fitly said to stand upon the dust, or the grave, or death; because then he will put that among other enemies under his feet.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 19:25

For I know [that] my (q) redeemer liveth, and [that] he shall stand at the latter [day] upon the earth:

(q) I do not so justify myself before the world, but I know that I will come before the great judge who will be my deliverer and Saviour.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I know:

Job 33:23-24 If there be a messenger with him, an interpreter, one among a thousand, to shew unto man his uprightness: ... Then he is gracious unto him, and saith, Deliver him from going down to the pit: I have found a ransom.
Psalms 19:14 Let the words of my mouth, and the meditation of my heart, be acceptable in thy sight, O LORD, my strength, and my redeemer.
Isaiah 54:5 For thy Maker [is] thine husband; the LORD of hosts [is] his name; and thy Redeemer the Holy One of Israel; The God of the whole earth shall he be called.
Isaiah 59:20-21 And the Redeemer shall come to Zion, and unto them that turn from transgression in Jacob, saith the LORD. ... As for me, this [is] my covenant with them, saith the LORD; My spirit that [is] upon thee, and my words which I have put in thy mouth, shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out of the mouth of thy seed's seed, saith the LORD, from henceforth and for ever.
Ephesians 1:7 In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace;

he shall:

Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.
Genesis 22:18 And in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; because thou hast obeyed my voice.
John 5:22-29 For the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son: ... And shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation.
Jude 1:14 And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 3:15; 22:18. Jb 33:23. Ps 19:14. Is 54:5; 59:20. Jn 5:22. Ep 1:7. Jde 1:14.

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