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Job 19:24 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— That with an iron pen and lead They were graven in the rock for ever!
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— That they were graven with an iron pen and lead in the rock for ever!
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “That with an iron stylus and lead They were engraved in the rock forever!
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— That they were graven with an iron pen in lead, in the rock for ever!
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— That with an iron style and lead they were graven in the rock for ever!
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— That, with a stylus of iron and [with] lead, for all time—in the rock, they could be graven!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— With a pen of iron and lead—For ever in a rock they may be hewn.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— With an iron pen and in a plate of lead, or else be graven with an instrument in flint stone?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— That they were grauen with an iron pen and lead, in the rocke for euer.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— with an iron pen and lead, or graven in the rocks!
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— That they were graven with an iron pen and lead in the rock for ever!

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
That they were graven 2672
{2672} Prime
חָצַב
chatsab
{khaw-tsab'}
A primitive root; to cut or carve (wood, stone or other material); by implication to hew, split, square, quarry, engrave.
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
with an iron 1270
{1270} Prime
בַּרְזֶל
barzel
{bar-zel'}
Perhaps from the root of H1269; iron (as cutting); by extension an iron implement.
pen 5842
{5842} Prime
עֵט
`et
{ate}
From H5860 (contracted) in the sense of swooping, that is, side long stroke; a stylus or marking stick.
and lead 5777
{5777} Prime
עוֹפֶרֶת
`owphereth
{o-feh'-reth}
Feminine participle active of H6080; lead (from its dusty color).
in the rock 6697
{6697} Prime
צוּר
tsuwr
{tsoor}
From H6696; properly a cliff (or sharp rock, as compressed); generally a rock or boulder; figuratively a refuge; also an edge (as precipitous).
for ever! 5703
{5703} Prime
עַד
`ad
{ad}
From H5710; properly a (peremptory) terminus, that is, (by implication) duration, in the sense of perpetuity (substantially as a noun, either with or without a preposition).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 19:24

_ _ pen — graver.

_ _ lead — poured into the engraven characters, to make them better seen [Umbreit]. Not on leaden plates; for it was “in the rock” that they were engraved. Perhaps it was the hammer that was of “lead,” as sculptors find more delicate incisions are made by it, than by a harder hammer. Foster (One Primeval Language) has shown that the inscriptions on the rocks in Wady-Mokatta, along Israel’s route through the desert, record the journeys of that people, as Cosmas Indicopleustes asserted, a.d. 535.

_ _ for ever — as long as the rock lasts.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 19:23-29.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 19:24

Lead — Anciently they used to grave the letters in a stone with an iron tool, and then to fill up the cuts with lead, that the words might be more plainly seen.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 19:24

That they were graven with (p) an iron pen and lead in the rock for ever!

(p) He protests that despite his sore passions his religion is perfect and that he in not a blasphemer as they judged him.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
graven:

Exodus 28:11-12 With the work of an engraver in stone, [like] the engravings of a signet, shalt thou engrave the two stones with the names of the children of Israel: thou shalt make them to be set in ouches of gold. ... And thou shalt put the two stones upon the shoulders of the ephod [for] stones of memorial unto the children of Israel: and Aaron shall bear their names before the LORD upon his two shoulders for a memorial.
Exodus 28:21 And the stones shall be with the names of the children of Israel, twelve, according to their names, [like] the engravings of a signet; every one with his name shall they be according to the twelve tribes.
Exodus 32:16 And the tables [were] the work of God, and the writing [was] the writing of God, graven upon the tables.
Deuteronomy 27:2-3 And it shall be on the day when ye shall pass over Jordan unto the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, that thou shalt set thee up great stones, and plaister them with plaister: ... And thou shalt write upon them all the words of this law, when thou art passed over, that thou mayest go in unto the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, a land that floweth with milk and honey; as the LORD God of thy fathers hath promised thee.
Deuteronomy 27:8 And thou shalt write upon the stones all the words of this law very plainly.
Jeremiah 17:1 The sin of Judah [is] written with a pen of iron, [and] with the point of a diamond: [it is] graven upon the table of their heart, and upon the horns of your altars;
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Ex 28:11, 21; 32:16. Dt 27:2, 8. Jr 17:1.

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