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Job 17:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He that denounceth his friends for a prey, Even the eyes of his children shall fail.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— He that speaketh flattery to [his] friends, even the eyes of his children shall fail.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “He who informs against friends for a share [of the spoil], The eyes of his children also will languish.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He that speaketh flattery to [his] friends, even the eyes of his children shall fail.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— He that betrayeth friends for a prey—even the eyes of his children shall fail.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— He that, for a share, denounceth friends, even, the eyes of his children, shall be dim.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For a portion he sheweth friendship, And the eyes of his sons are consumed.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He promiseth a prey to his companions, and the eyes of his children shall fail.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Hee that speaketh flattery to [his] friends, euen the eyes of his children shall faile.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— He shall promise mischief to [his] companions: but [their] eyes have failed for [their] children.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— He that speaketh flattery to [his] friends, even the eyes of his children shall fail.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He that speaketh 5046
{5046} Prime
נָגַד
nagad
{naw-gad'}
A primitive root; properly to front, that is, stand boldly out opposite; by implication (causatively), to manifest; figuratively to announce (always by word of mouth to one present); specifically to expose, predict, explain, praise.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
flattery 2506
{2506} Prime
חֵלֶק
cheleq
{khay'-lek}
From H2505; properly smoothness (of the tongue); also an allotment.
to [his] friends, 7453
{7453} Prime
רֵעַ
rea`
{ray'-ah}
From H7462; an associate (more or less close).
even the eyes 5869
{5869} Prime
עַיִן
`ayin
{ah'-yin}
Probably a primitive word; an eye (literally or figuratively); by analogy a fountain (as the eye of the landscape).
of his children 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
shall fail. 3615
{3615} Prime
כָּלָה
kalah
{kaw-law'}
A primitive root; to end, whether intransitively (to cease, be finished, perish) or transitively (to complete, prepare, consume).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 17:5

_ _ The Hebrew for “flattery” is “smoothness”; then it came to mean a prey divided by lot, because a smooth stone was used in casting the lots (Deuteronomy 18:8), “a portion” (Genesis 14:24). Therefore translate, “He that delivers up his friend as a prey (which the conduct of my friends implies that they would do), even the eyes,” etc. [Noyes] (Job 11:20). Job says this as to the sinner’s children, retorting upon their reproach as to the cutting off of his (Job 5:4; Job 15:30). This accords with the Old Testament dispensation of legal retribution (Exodus 20:5).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 17:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 17:5

(f) He that speaketh flattery to [his] friends, even the eyes of his children shall fail.

(f) He who flatters a man, and only judges him happy in his prosperity, will not himself only but in his posterity be punished.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
He that:

Job 32:21-22 Let me not, I pray you, accept any man's person, neither let me give flattering titles unto man. ... For I know not to give flattering titles; [in so doing] my maker would soon take me away.
Psalms 12:2-3 They speak vanity every one with his neighbour: [with] flattering lips [and] with a double heart do they speak. ... The LORD shall cut off all flattering lips, [and] the tongue that speaketh proud things:
Proverbs 20:19 He that goeth about [as] a talebearer revealeth secrets: therefore meddle not with him that flattereth with his lips.
Proverbs 29:5 A man that flattereth his neighbour spreadeth a net for his feet.
1 Thessalonians 2:5 For neither at any time used we flattering words, as ye know, nor a cloke of covetousness; God [is] witness:

the eyes:

Exodus 20:5 Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God [am] a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth [generation] of them that hate me;
Deuteronomy 28:65 And among these nations shalt thou find no ease, neither shall the sole of thy foot have rest: but the LORD shall give thee there a trembling heart, and failing of eyes, and sorrow of mind:
1 Kings 11:12 Notwithstanding in thy days I will not do it for David thy father's sake: [but] I will rend it out of the hand of thy son.
Lamentations 4:17 As for us, our eyes as yet failed for our vain help: in our watching we have watched for a nation [that] could not save [us].
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 20:5. Dt 28:65. 1K 11:12. Jb 32:21. Ps 12:2. Pv 20:19; 29:5. Lm 4:17. 1Th 2:5.

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