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Job 16:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I have sewed sackcloth upon my skin, And have laid my horn in the dust.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I have sewed sackcloth upon my skin, and defiled my horn in the dust.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “I have sewed sackcloth over my skin And thrust my horn in the dust.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I have sewed sackcloth upon my skin, and defiled my horn in the dust.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I have sewed sackcloth upon my skin, and rolled my horn in the dust.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Sackcloth, sewed I on my skin, and rolled—in the dust—my horn:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Sackcloth I have sewed on my skin, And have rolled in the dust my horn.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I have sowed sackcloth upon my skin, and have covered my flesh with ashes.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I haue sowed sackcloth vpon my skin, and defiled my horne in the dust.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— They sewed sackcloth upon my skin, and my strength has been spent on the ground.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— I have sewed sackcloth upon my skin, and defiled my horn in the dust.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I have sewed 8609
{8609} Prime
A primitive root; to sew.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
sackcloth 8242
{8242} Prime
From H8264; properly a mesh (as allowing a liquid to run through), that is, coarse loose cloth or sacking (used in mourning and for bagging); hence a bag (for grain, etc.).
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
my skin, 1539
{1539} Prime
From an unused root probably meaning to polish; the (human) skin (as smooth).
and defiled 5953
{5953} Prime
A primitive root; to effect thoroughly; specifically to glean (also figuratively); by implication (in a bad sense) to overdo, that is, maltreat, be saucy to, pain, impose (also literally).
<8782> Grammar
Stem - Poel (See H8845)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 11
my horn 7161
{7161} Prime
From H7160; a horn (as projecting); by implication a flask, cornet; by resemblance an elephant's tooth (that is, ivory), a corner (of the altar), a peak (of a mountain), a ray (of light); figuratively power.
in the dust. 6083
{6083} Prime
From H6080; dust (as powdered or gray); hence clay, earth, mud.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 16:15

_ _ sewed — denoting the tight fit of the mourning garment; it was a sack with armholes closely sewed to the body.

_ _ horn — image from horned cattle, which when excited tear the earth with their horns. The horn was the emblem of power (1 Kings 22:11). Here, it is

_ _ in the dust — which as applied to Job denotes his humiliation from former greatness. To throw one’s self in the dust was a sign of mourning; this idea is here joined with that of excited despair, depicted by the fury of a horned beast. The Druses of Lebanon still wear horns as an ornament.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 16:6-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 16:15

I have — So far am I from stretching out my hand against God, Job 15:25, that I have humbled myself deeply under his hand. I have not only put on sackcloth, but sewed it on, as being resolved to continue my humiliation, as long as my affliction continues. Defiled my horn — I have willingly parted with all my wealth, and power, and glory (as the horn often signifies in scripture,) and been content to lie in the dust.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 16:15

I have sewed sackcloth upon my skin, and defiled my (p) horn in the dust.

(p) Meaning, his glory was brought low.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

1 Kings 21:27 And it came to pass, when Ahab heard those words, that he rent his clothes, and put sackcloth upon his flesh, and fasted, and lay in sackcloth, and went softly.
Isaiah 22:12 And in that day did the Lord GOD of hosts call to weeping, and to mourning, and to baldness, and to girding with sackcloth:

defiled my horn:

Job 30:19 He hath cast me into the mire, and I am become like dust and ashes.
1 Samuel 2:10 The adversaries of the LORD shall be broken to pieces; out of heaven shall he thunder upon them: the LORD shall judge the ends of the earth; and he shall give strength unto his king, and exalt the horn of his anointed.
Psalms 7:5 Let the enemy persecute my soul, and take [it]; yea, let him tread down my life upon the earth, and lay mine honour in the dust. Selah.
Psalms 75:5 Lift not up your horn on high: speak [not with] a stiff neck.
Psalms 75:10 All the horns of the wicked also will I cut off; [but] the horns of the righteous shall be exalted.
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1S 2:10. 1K 21:27. Jb 30:19. Ps 7:5; 75:5, 10. Is 22:12.

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