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Job 15:30 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He shall not depart out of darkness; The flame shall dry up his branches, And by the breath of [God's] mouth shall he go away.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— He shall not depart out of darkness; the flame shall dry up his branches, and by the breath of his mouth shall he go away.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “He will not escape from darkness; The flame will wither his shoots, And by the breath of His mouth he will go away.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He shall not depart out of darkness; the flame shall dry up his branches, and by the breath of his mouth shall he go away.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— He shall not depart out of darkness; the flame shall dry up his branches; and by the breath of his mouth shall he go away.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— He shall not depart out of darkness, his young branch, shall the flame dry up, and he shall depart, by the breath of his own mouth!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— He turneth not aside from darkness, His tender branch doth a flame dry up, And he turneth aside at the breath of His mouth!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He shall not depart out of darkness: the flame shall dry up his branches, and he shall be taken away by the breath of his own mouth.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— He shall not depart out of darkenesse, the flame shall drie vp his branches, and by the breath of his mouth shall he goe away.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Neither shall he in any wise escape the darkness: let the wind blast his blossom, and let his flower fall off.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— He shall not depart out of darkness; the flame shall dry up his branches, and by the breath of his mouth shall he go away.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He shall not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
depart 5493
{5493} Prime
סוּר
cuwr
{soor}
A primitive root; to turn off (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
out of x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
darkness; 2822
{2822} Prime
חֹשֶׁךְ
choshek
{kho-shek'}
From H2821; the dark; hence (literally) darkness; figuratively misery, destruction, death, ignorance, sorrow, wickedness.
the flame 7957
{7957} Prime
שַׁלְהֶבֶת
shalhebeth
{shal-heh'-beth}
From the same as H3851 with sibilant prefixed; a flare of fire.
shall dry up 3001
{3001} Prime
יָבֵשׁ
yabesh
{yaw-bashe'}
A primitive root; to be ashamed, confused or disappointed; also (as failing) to dry up (as water) or wither (as herbage).
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
his branches, 3127
{3127} Prime
יוֹנֶקֶת
yowneqeth
{yo-neh'-keth}
Feminine of H3126; a sprout.
and by the breath 7307
{7307} Prime
רוּחַ
ruwach
{roo'-akh}
From H7306; wind; by resemblance breath, that is, a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions).
of his mouth 6310
{6310} Prime
פֶּה
peh
{peh}
From H6284; the mouth (as the means of blowing), whether literally or figuratively (particularly speech); specifically edge, portion or side; adverbially (with preposition) according to.
shall he go away. 5493
{5493} Prime
סוּר
cuwr
{soor}
A primitive root; to turn off (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 15:30

_ _ depart — that is, escape (Job 15:22, Job 15:23).

_ _ branches — namely, his offspring (Job 1:18, Job 1:19; Psalms 37:35).

_ _ dry up — The “flame” is the sultry wind in the East by which plants most full of sap are suddenly shriveled.

_ _ his mouth — that is, God’s wrath (Isaiah 11:4).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 15:17-35.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 15:30

Depart — His misery shall have no end. Flame — God's anger and judgment upon him. Branches — His wealth, and power, and glory, wherewith he was encompassed, as trees are with their branches. His mouth — And this expression intimates, with how much ease God subdueth his enemies: his word, his blast; one act of his will is sufficient. Go — Heb. go back: that is, run away from God faster than he ran upon him, Job 15:26. So it is a continuation of the former metaphor of a conflict between two persons.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
depart:

Job 15:22 He believeth not that he shall return out of darkness, and he is waited for of the sword.
Job 10:21-22 Before I go [whence] I shall not return, [even] to the land of darkness and the shadow of death; ... A land of darkness, as darkness [itself; and] of the shadow of death, without any order, and [where] the light [is] as darkness.
Job 18:5-6 Yea, the light of the wicked shall be put out, and the spark of his fire shall not shine. ... The light shall be dark in his tabernacle, and his candle shall be put out with him.
Job 18:18 He shall be driven from light into darkness, and chased out of the world.
Matthew 8:12 But the children of the kingdom shall be cast out into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
Matthew 22:13 Then said the king to the servants, Bind him hand and foot, and take him away, and cast [him] into outer darkness; there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
2 Peter 2:17 These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever.
Jude 1:13 Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever.

the flame:

Job 20:26 All darkness [shall be] hid in his secret places: a fire not blown shall consume him; it shall go ill with him that is left in his tabernacle.
Isaiah 30:33 For Tophet [is] ordained of old; yea, for the king it is prepared; he hath made [it] deep [and] large: the pile thereof [is] fire and much wood; the breath of the LORD, like a stream of brimstone, doth kindle it.
Ezekiel 15:4-7 Behold, it is cast into the fire for fuel; the fire devoureth both the ends of it, and the midst of it is burned. Is it meet for [any] work? ... And I will set my face against them; they shall go out from [one] fire, and [another] fire shall devour them; and ye shall know that I [am] the LORD, when I set my face against them.
Ezekiel 20:47-48 And say to the forest of the south, Hear the word of the LORD; Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will kindle a fire in thee, and it shall devour every green tree in thee, and every dry tree: the flaming flame shall not be quenched, and all faces from the south to the north shall be burned therein. ... And all flesh shall see that I the LORD have kindled it: it shall not be quenched.
Matthew 25:41 Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels:
Mark 9:43-49 And if thy hand offend thee, cut it off: it is better for thee to enter into life maimed, than having two hands to go into hell, into the fire that never shall be quenched: ... For every one shall be salted with fire, and every sacrifice shall be salted with salt.
2 Thessalonians 1:8-9 In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ: ... Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power;

by the breath:

Job 4:9 By the blast of God they perish, and by the breath of his nostrils are they consumed.
Isaiah 11:4 But with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked.
Revelation 19:15 And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 4:9; 10:21; 15:22; 18:5, 18; 20:26. Is 11:4; 30:33. Ezk 15:4; 20:47. Mt 8:12; 22:13; 25:41. Mk 9:43. 2Th 1:8. 2P 2:17. Jde 1:13. Rv 19:15.

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