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Job 15:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The wicked man travaileth with pain all his days, Even the number of years that are laid up for the oppressor.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The wicked man travaileth with pain all [his] days, and the number of years is hidden to the oppressor.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “The wicked man writhes in pain all [his] days, And numbered are the years stored up for the ruthless.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The wicked man travaileth with pain all [his] days, and the number of years is hidden to the oppressor.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— All his days the wicked man is tormented, and numbered years are allotted to the violent.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— All the days of the lawless man, he, doth writhe with pain, and, the number of years, is hidden from the tyrant;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'All days of the wicked he is paining himself, And few years have been laid up for the terrible one.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The wicked man is proud all his days, and the number of the years of his tyranny is uncertain.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The wicked man trauaileth with paine all [his] dayes, and the number of yeeres is hidden to the oppressour.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— All the life of the ungodly [is spent] in care, and the years granted to the oppressor are numbered.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The wicked man travaileth with pain all [his] days, and the number of years is hidden to the oppressor.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The wicked y7563
[7563] Standard
רָשָׁע
rasha`
{raw-shaw'}
From H7561; morally wrong; concretely an (actively) bad person.
man x7563
(7563) Complement
רָשָׁע
rasha`
{raw-shaw'}
From H7561; morally wrong; concretely an (actively) bad person.
travaileth y2342
[2342] Standard
חוּל
chuwl
{khool}
A primitive root; properly to twist or whirl (in a circular or spiral manner), that is, (specifically) to dance, to writhe in pain (especially of parturition) or fear; figuratively to wait, to pervert.
z8711
<8711> Grammar
Stem - Hithpolel (See H8824)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 11
with pain x2342
(2342) Complement
חוּל
chuwl
{khool}
A primitive root; properly to twist or whirl (in a circular or spiral manner), that is, (specifically) to dance, to writhe in pain (especially of parturition) or fear; figuratively to wait, to pervert.
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
[his] days, 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
and the number 4557
{4557} Prime
מִסְפָּר
micpar
{mis-pawr'}
From H5608; a number, definitely (arithmetical) or indefinitely (large, innumerable; small, a few); also (abstractly) narration.
of years 8141
{8141} Prime
שָׁנֵה
shaneh
{shaw-neh'}
(The first form being in plural only, the second form being feminine); from H8138; a year (as a revolution of time).
is hidden 6845
{6845} Prime
צָפַן
tsaphan
{tsaw-fan'}
A primitive root; to hide (by covering over); by implication to hoard or reserve; figuratively to deny; specifically (favorably) to protect, (unfavorably) to lurk.
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
to the oppressor. 6184
{6184} Prime
עָרִיץ
`ariyts
{aw-reets'}
From H6206; fearful, that is, powerful or tyrannical.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 15:20

_ _ travaileth — rather, “trembleth of himself,” though there is no real danger [Umbreit].

_ _ and the number of his years, etc. — This gives the reason why the wicked man trembles continually; namely, because he knows not the moment when his life must end.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 15:17-35.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 15:20

Pain — Lives a life of care, and fear, and grief, by reason of God's wrath, the torments of his own mind, and his outward calamities. Hidden — He knows not how short the time of his life is, and therefore lives in continual fear of losing it. Oppressor — To the wicked man: he names this one sort of them, because he supposed Job to be guilty of this sin, in opposition of what Job had affirmed of the safety of such persons, Job 12:6, and because such are apt to promise themselves a longer and happier life than other men.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Job 15:20

The wicked man travaileth with pain all [his] days, and the number (m) of years is hidden to the oppressor.

(m) The cruel man is always in danger of death, and is never quiet in conscience.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
travaileth:

Romans 8:22 For we know that the whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain together until now.
Ecclesiastes 9:3 This [is] an evil among all [things] that are done under the sun, that [there is] one event unto all: yea, also the heart of the sons of men is full of evil, and madness [is] in their heart while they live, and after that [they go] to the dead.

the number:

Psalms 90:3-4 Thou turnest man to destruction; and sayest, Return, ye children of men. ... For a thousand years in thy sight [are but] as yesterday when it is past, and [as] a watch in the night.
Psalms 90:12 So teach [us] to number our days, that we may apply [our] hearts unto wisdom.
Luke 12:19-21 And I will say to my soul, Soul, thou hast much goods laid up for many years; take thine ease, eat, drink, [and] be merry. ... So [is] he that layeth up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God.
James 5:1-6 Go to now, [ye] rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come upon [you]. ... Ye have condemned [and] killed the just; [and] he doth not resist you.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 90:3, 12. Ec 9:3. Lk 12:19. Ro 8:22. Jm 5:1.

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