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Job 12:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The tents of robbers prosper, And they that provoke God are secure; Into whose hand God bringeth [abundantly].
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The tabernacles of robbers prosper, and they that provoke God are secure; into whose hand God bringeth [abundantly].
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “The tents of the destroyers prosper, And those who provoke God are secure, Whom God brings into their power.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The tabernacles of robbers prosper, and they that provoke God are secure; into whose hand God bringeth [abundantly].
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The tents of desolators are in peace, and they that provoke *God are secure; into whose hand +God bringeth.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— At peace are the tents that belong to the spoilers, and there is security to them who provoke GOD, To him who bringeth a god in his hand.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— At peace are the tents of spoilers, And those provoking God have confidence, He into whose hand God hath brought.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The tabernacles of robbers abound, and they provoke God boldly; whereas it is he that hath given all into their hands:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The tabernacles of robbers prosper, and they that prouoke God are secure, into whose hand God bringeth [abundantly].
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— even as many as provoke the Lord, as if there were indeed to be no inquisition [made] of them.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The tabernacles of robbers prosper, and they that provoke El are secure; into whose hand Eloah bringeth [abundantly].

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The tabernacles 168
{0168} Prime
אֹהֶל
'ohel
{o'-hel}
From H0166; a tent (as clearly conspicuous from a distance).
of robbers 7703
{7703} Prime
שָׁדַד
shadad
{shaw-dad'}
A primitive root; properly to be burly, that is, (figuratively) powerful (passively impregnable); by implication to ravage.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
prosper, 7951
{7951} Prime
שָׁלָה
shalah
{shaw-law'}
The second form being used in Job 3:26; a primitive root; to be tranquil, that is, secure or successful.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and they that provoke 7264
{7264} Prime
רָגַז
ragaz
{raw-gaz'}
A primitive root; to quiver (with any violent emotion, especially anger or fear).
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
l אֵל 410
{0410} Prime
אֵל
'el
{ale}
Shortened from H0352; strength; as adjective mighty; especially the Almighty (but used also of any deity).
are secure; 987
{0987} Prime
בַּטֻּחוֹת
battuchowth
{bat-too-khoth'}
Feminine plural from H0982; security.
into whose x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
hand 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
lh אֱלוֹהַ 433
{0433} Prime
אֱלוֹהַּ
'elowahh
{el-o'-ah}
(The second form is rare); probably prolonged (emphatically) from H0410; a deity or the deity.
bringeth 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
[abundantly].
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 12:6

_ _ Job shows that the matter of fact opposes Zophar’s theory (Job 11:14, Job 11:19, Job 11:20) that wickedness causes insecurity in men’s “tabernacles.” On the contrary, they who rob the “tabernacles” (“dwellings”) of others “prosper securely” in their own.

_ _ into whose hand, etc. — rather, “who make a god of their own hand,” that is, who regard their might as their only ruling principle [Umbreit].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Job 12:6-11

_ _ Job's friends all of them went upon this principle, that wicked people cannot prosper long in this world, but some remarkable judgment or other will suddenly light on them: Zophar had concluded with it, that the eyes of the wicked shall fail, Job 11:20. This principle Job here opposes, and maintains that God, in disposing men's outward affairs, acts as a sovereign, reserving the exact distribution of rewards and punishments for the future state.

_ _ I. He asserts it as an undoubted truth that wicked people may, and often do, prosper long in this world, Job 12:6. Even great sinners may enjoy great prosperity. Observe, 1. How he describes the sinners. They are robbers, and such as provoke God, the worst kind of sinners, blasphemers and persecutors. Perhaps he refers to the Sabeans and Chaldeans, who had robbed him, and had always lived by spoil and rapine, and yet they prospered; all the world saw they did, and there is no disputing against sense; one observation built upon matter of fact is worth twenty notions framed by an hypothesis. Or more generally, All proud oppressors are robbers and pirates. It is supposed that what is injurious to men is provoking to God, the patron of right and the protector of mankind. It is not strange if those that violate the bonds of justice break through the obligations of all religion, bid defiance even to God himself, and make nothing of provoking him. 2. How he describes their prosperity. It is very great; for, (1.) Even their tabernacles prosper, those that live with them and those that come after them and descend from them. It seems as if a blessing were entailed upon their families; and that is sometimes preserved to succeeding generations which was got by fraud. (2.) They are secure, and not only feel no hurt, but fear none, are under no apprehensions of danger either from threatening providences or an awakened conscience. But those that provoke God are never the more safe for their being secure. (3.) Into their hand God brings abundantly. They have more than heart could wish (Psalms 73:7), not for necessity only, but for delight — not for themselves only, but for others — not for the present only, but for hereafter; and this from the hand of Providence too. God brings plentifully to them. We cannot therefore judge of men's piety by their plenty, nor of what they have in their heart by what they have in their hand.

_ _ II. He appeals even to the inferior creatures for the proof of this — the beasts, and fowls, and trees, and even the earth itself; consult these, and they shall tell thee, Job 12:7, Job 12:8. Many a good lesson we may learn from them, but what are they here to teach us?

_ _ 1. We may from them learn that the tabernacles of robbers prosper (so some); for, (1.) Even among the brute creatures the greater devour the less and the stronger prey upon the weaker, and men are as the fishes of the sea, Habakkuk 1:14. If sin had not entered, we may suppose there would have been no such disorder among the creatures, but the wolf and the lamb would have lain down together. (2.) These creatures are serviceable to wicked men, and so they declare their prosperity. Ask the herds and the flocks to whom they belong, and they will tell you that such a robber, such an oppressor, is their owner: the fishes and fowls will tell you that they are served up to the tables, and feed the luxury, of proud sinners. The earth brings forth her fruits to them (Job 9:24), and the whole creation groans under the burden of their tyranny, Romans 8:20, Romans 8:22. Note, All the creatures which wicked men abuse, by making them the food and fuel of their lusts, will witness against them another day, James 5:3, James 5:4.

_ _ 2. We may from them learn the wisdom, power, and goodness of God, and that sovereign dominion of his into which plain and self-evident truth all these difficult dispensations must be resolved. Zophar had made a vast mystery of it, Job 11:7. “So far from that,” says Job, “that what we are concerned to know we may learn even from the inferior creatures; for who knows not from all these? Job 12:9. Any one may easily gather from the book of the creatures that the hand of the Lord has wrought this,” that is, “that there is a wise Providence which guides and governs all these things by rules which we are neither acquainted with nor are competent judges of.” Note, From God's sovereign dominion over the inferior creatures we should learn to acquiesce in all his disposals of the affairs of the children of men, though contrary to our measures.

_ _ III. He resolves all into the absolute propriety which God has in all the creatures (Job 12:10): In whose hand is the soul of every living thing. All the creatures, and mankind particularly, derive their being from him, owe their being to him, depend upon him for the support of it, lie at his mercy, are under his direction and dominion and entirely at his disposal, and at his summons must resign their lives. All souls are his; and may he not do what he will with his own? The name Jehovah is used here (Job 12:9), and it is the only time that we meet with it in all the discourses between Job and his friends; for God was, in that age, more known by the name of Shaddaithe Almighty.

_ _ IV. Those words — (Job 12:11), Doth not the ear try words, as the mouth tastes meat? may be taken either as the conclusion to the foregoing discourse or the preface to what follows. The mind of man has as good a faculty of discerning between truth and error, when duly stated, as the palate has of discerning between what is sweet and what is bitter. Job therefore demands from his friends a liberty to judge for himself of what they had said, and desires them to use the same liberty in judging of what he had said; nay, he seems to appeal to any man's impartial judgment in this controversy; let the ear try the words on both sides, and it would be found that he was in the right. Note, The ear must try words before it receives them so as to subscribe to them. As by the taste we judge what food is wholesome to the body and what not, so by the spirit of discerning we must judge what doctrine is sound, and savoury, and wholesome, and what not, 1 Corinthians 10:15; 1 Corinthians 11:13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 12:6

Are secure — Job's friends had all supposed, that wicked men cannot prosper long in the world. This Job opposes, and maintains, that God herein acts as sovereign, and reserves that exact distribution of rewards and punishments for the other world.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
tabernacles:

Job 9:24 The earth is given into the hand of the wicked: he covereth the faces of the judges thereof; if not, where, [and] who [is] he?
Job 21:7-15 Wherefore do the wicked live, become old, yea, are mighty in power? ... What [is] the Almighty, that we should serve him? and what profit should we have, if we pray unto him?
Psalms 17:14 From men [which are] thy hand, O LORD, from men of the world, [which have] their portion in [this] life, and whose belly thou fillest with thy hid [treasure]: they are full of children, and leave the rest of their [substance] to their babes.
Psalms 37:1 [[[A Psalm] of David.]] Fret not thyself because of evildoers, neither be thou envious against the workers of iniquity.
Psalms 37:35 I have seen the wicked in great power, and spreading himself like a green bay tree.
Psalms 73:11-12 And they say, How doth God know? and is there knowledge in the most High? ... Behold, these [are] the ungodly, who prosper in the world; they increase [in] riches.
Jeremiah 5:27 As a cage is full of birds, so [are] their houses full of deceit: therefore they are become great, and waxen rich.
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Jb 9:24; 21:7. Ps 17:14; 37:1, 35; 73:11. Jr 5:27.

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