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Job 12:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He poureth contempt upon princes, And looseth the belt of the strong.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— He poureth contempt upon princes, and weakeneth the strength of the mighty.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “He pours contempt on nobles And loosens the belt of the strong.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He poureth contempt upon princes, and weakeneth the strength of the mighty.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— He poureth contempt upon nobles, and slackeneth the girdle of the mighty;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Pouring contempt upon nobles, and, the girdle of the mighty, hath He loosed:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Pouring contempt upon princes, And the girdle of the mighty He made feeble.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He poureth contempt upon princes, and relieveth them that were oppressed.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— He powreth contempt vpon princes, and weakeneth the strength of the mightie.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— He pours dishonour upon princes, and heals the lowly.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— He poureth contempt upon princes, and weakeneth the strength of the mighty.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He poureth 8210
{8210} Prime
שָׁפַךְ
shaphak
{shaw-fak'}
A primitive root; to spill forth (blood, a libation, liquid metal; or even a solid, that is, to mound up); also (figuratively) to expend (life, soul, complaint, money, etc.); intensively to sprawl out.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
contempt 937
{0937} Prime
בּוּז
buwz
{booz}
From H0936; disrespect.
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
princes, 5081
{5081} Prime
נָדִיב
nadiyb
{naw-deeb'}
From H5068; properly voluntary, that is, generous; hence, magnanimous; as noun, a grandee (sometimes a tyrant).
and weakeneth 7503
{7503} Prime
רָפָה
raphah
{raw-faw'}
A primitive root; to slacken (in many applications, literally or figuratively).
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
the strength 4206
{4206} Prime
מָזִיחַ
maziyach
{maw-zee'-akh}
From H2118; a belt (as movable).
of the mighty. 650
{0650} Prime
אָפִיק
'aphiyq
{aw-feek'}
From H0622; properly containing, that is, a tube; also a bed or valley of a stream; also a strong thing or a hero.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 12:21

_ _ Psalms 107:40 quotes, in its first clause, this verse and, in its second, Job 12:24.

_ _ weakeneth the strength — literally, “looseth the girdle”; Orientals wear flowing garments; when active strength is to be put forth, they gird up their garments with a girdle. Hence here — “He destroyeth their power” in the eyes of the people.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 12:12-25.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
poureth:

Exodus 8:2 And if thou refuse to let [them] go, behold, I will smite all thy borders with frogs:
Exodus 16:24 And they laid it up till the morning, as Moses bade: and it did not stink, neither was there any worm therein.
1 Kings 21:23-24 And of Jezebel also spake the LORD, saying, The dogs shall eat Jezebel by the wall of Jezreel. ... Him that dieth of Ahab in the city the dogs shall eat; and him that dieth in the field shall the fowls of the air eat.
2 Kings 9:26 Surely I have seen yesterday the blood of Naboth, and the blood of his sons, saith the LORD; and I will requite thee in this plat, saith the LORD. Now therefore take [and] cast him into the plat [of ground], according to the word of the LORD.
2 Kings 9:34-37 And when he was come in, he did eat and drink, and said, Go, see now this cursed [woman], and bury her: for she [is] a king's daughter. ... And the carcase of Jezebel shall be as dung upon the face of the field in the portion of Jezreel; [so] that they shall not say, This [is] Jezebel.
Psalms 107:40 He poureth contempt upon princes, and causeth them to wander in the wilderness, [where there is] no way.
Isaiah 23:9 The LORD of hosts hath purposed it, to stain the pride of all glory, [and] to bring into contempt all the honourable of the earth.
Isaiah 24:21-22 And it shall come to pass in that day, [that] the LORD shall punish the host of the high ones [that are] on high, and the kings of the earth upon the earth. ... And they shall be gathered together, [as] prisoners are gathered in the pit, and shall be shut up in the prison, and after many days shall they be visited.
Isaiah 37:38 And it came to pass, as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his god, that Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons smote him with the sword; and they escaped into the land of Armenia: and Esarhaddon his son reigned in his stead.
Daniel 2:21-22 And he changeth the times and the seasons: he removeth kings, and setteth up kings: he giveth wisdom unto the wise, and knowledge to them that know understanding: ... He revealeth the deep and secret things: he knoweth what [is] in the darkness, and the light dwelleth with him.
Daniel 4:32-33 And they shall drive thee from men, and thy dwelling [shall be] with the beasts of the field: they shall make thee to eat grass as oxen, and seven times shall pass over thee, until thou know that the most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will. ... The same hour was the thing fulfilled upon Nebuchadnezzar: and he was driven from men, and did eat grass as oxen, and his body was wet with the dew of heaven, till his hairs were grown like eagles' [feathers], and his nails like birds' [claws].
Matthew 2:12-13 And being warned of God in a dream that they should not return to Herod, they departed into their own country another way. ... And when they were departed, behold, the angel of the Lord appeareth to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be thou there until I bring thee word: for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him.
Acts 12:23 And immediately the angel of the Lord smote him, because he gave not God the glory: and he was eaten of worms, and gave up the ghost.

weakeneth the strength of the mighty:
or, looseth the girdle of the strong,
Isaiah 5:27 None shall be weary nor stumble among them; none shall slumber nor sleep; neither shall the girdle of their loins be loosed, nor the latchet of their shoes be broken:
Isaiah 11:5 And righteousness shall be the girdle of his loins, and faithfulness the girdle of his reins.
Isaiah 22:21 And I will clothe him with thy robe, and strengthen him with thy girdle, and I will commit thy government into his hand: and he shall be a father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to the house of Judah.
Ephesians 6:10 Finally, my brethren, be strong in the Lord, and in the power of his might.
Ephesians 6:14 Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth, and having on the breastplate of righteousness;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 8:2; 16:24. 1K 21:23. 2K 9:26, 34. Ps 107:40. Is 5:27; 11:5; 22:21; 23:9; 24:21; 37:38. Dn 2:21; 4:32. Mt 2:12. Ac 12:23. Ep 6:10, 14.

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